We help IT Professionals succeed at work.

How can I edit/update data in any table in a given sql database?

homeshopper
homeshopper asked
on
I have a dropdown that selects a sql database.
a second dropdown that selects a table in a given database.
The code I have so far only works if I select table 'tblItems' in database 'Cams2'
If I select a different table it gives an error.
How can I edit/update data in any table in a given sql database?
The error is caused by the following code:
line 555       Me.DGrid.DataKeyField = "ItemID"
line 571       m_Key = DGrid.DataKeys(e.Item.ItemIndex)
line 575        Dim SQL As String = "Update " & strTable & " Set Item='" & tbox.Text & "' Where ItemID=" & m_Key
How can I re-write the code to accept DataKeyField  from different tables etc?
Thanks in advance for any help given, Ian.
for clarity below is the code so far:
Private Sub LoadData()
        Try
            Dim m_DBCon As New OleDbConnection()
            Dim Cstring As String = HttpContext.Current.Session("strConnection")
            If m_DBCon.State <> ConnectionState.Open Then
                m_DBCon.ConnectionString = Cstring
                m_DBCon.Open()
            End If
            Dim SQL As String
            Dim strTable As String = HttpContext.Current.Session("strTable")
            SQL = "Select * From " & strTable
            Dim DA As OleDb.OleDbDataAdapter
            Dim DS As DataSet
            DA = New OleDb.OleDbDataAdapter(SQL, m_DBCon)
            DS = New DataSet()
            DA.Fill(DS)
            Me.DGrid.DataSource = DS
            Me.DGrid.DataKeyField = "ItemID"
            Me.DGrid.DataBind()
        Catch ex As Exception
            ErrorLabel.Text = "=1:Error:558:LoadData:" & "Session=" & HttpContext.Current.Session("sqlCamsAdmin.AdminUser") & "#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;" & "strConnection=" & HttpContext.Current.Session("strConnection") & "#<br/>" & ex.ToString()
        End Try
    End Sub
    Private Sub DGrid_UpdateCommand(ByVal source As Object, ByVal e As System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridCommandEventArgs) Handles DGrid.UpdateCommand
        Response.Write("<div style='position:absolute;width:530px;height:166px;left:9px;top:87px;font-size:xx-small;overflow:auto;border:1px solid #722F90;' id='DIV17'>")
        Try
            Dim m_DBCon As New OleDbConnection()
            Dim Cstring As String = HttpContext.Current.Session("strConnection")
            If m_DBCon.State <> ConnectionState.Open Then
                m_DBCon.ConnectionString = Cstring
                m_DBCon.Open()
            End If
            Dim m_Key As Long
            m_Key = DGrid.DataKeys(e.Item.ItemIndex)
            Dim tbox As TextBox
            tbox = e.Item.FindControl("txtItem")
            Dim strTable As String = HttpContext.Current.Session("strTable")
            Dim SQL As String = "Update " & strTable & " Set Item='" & tbox.Text & "' Where ItemID=" & m_Key
            Response.Write("state:576:Update:" & m_DBCon.State() & "#<br/>")
            Response.Write("str:577:" & Cstring & "  " & strTable & "#<br/>")
            Response.Write("SQL:578:" & SQL & "#<br/>")
            Dim CMD As New OleDb.OleDbCommand(SQL, m_DBCon)
            CMD.ExecuteNonQuery()
            Me.DGrid.EditItemIndex = -1
            LoadData()
        Catch ex As Exception
            ErrorLabel.Text = "=1:Error:584:Update:" & "Session=" & HttpContext.Current.Session("sqlCamsAdmin.AdminUser") & "#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;" & "strConnection=" & HttpContext.Current.Session("strConnection") & "#<br/>" & ex.ToString()
        End Try
        Response.Write("</div>")
    End Sub
Comment
Watch Question

CERTIFIED EXPERT
Most Valuable Expert 2012
Top Expert 2014

Commented:
And what's the error? I think the issue might be that you have to specify the database in your connection string (or use "User dbname") so you are unable to update other databases.

Author

Commented:
Hi CodeCruiser,
If I selected say database 'Cams2' and table 'tblItems' no error.
if I selected a different table say 'ProductCategories'  error as follows:
label:=1:Error:558:LoadData:Session=#   strConnection=Provider=SQLOLEDB;Data Source=fuertemon4;User ID=sa;Password=sasa; Initial Catalog=Cams2;#
System.Web.HttpException: DataBinding: 'System.Data.DataRowView' does not contain a property with the name 'ItemID'. at System.Web.UI.DataBinder.GetPropertyValue(Object container, String propName) at System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGrid.CreateControlHierarchy(Boolean useDataSource) at System.Web.UI.WebControls.BaseDataList.OnDataBinding(EventArgs e) at System.Web.UI.WebControls.BaseDataList.DataBind() at scriptFrame_tempScript2.LoadData() in C:\Projects\cams00CsVbDev\sqlScriptVbData\scriptFrame\tempScript2.aspx.vb:line 556
CERTIFIED EXPERT
Most Valuable Expert 2012
Top Expert 2014

Commented:
You have to change the datakeyname to the one which exists in the table.

Author

Commented:
Thankyou for your comments.
Is it possible to edit any selected table from a given database?
(either) without using datakeynames.
(or) programmically change the datakeyname to a field name that existing in the given table.
Hence, original question: How can I edit/update data in any table in a given sql database?
Thanks in advance for any help given.
CERTIFIED EXPERT
Most Valuable Expert 2012
Top Expert 2014
Commented:
You have

            DA.Fill(DS)
            Me.DGrid.DataSource = DS
            Me.DGrid.DataKeyField = "ItemID"
            Me.DGrid.DataBind()

So you can change the datakeyfield in code. You can either ask the user to enter the datakeyfield name in a textbox or add another dropdown which lists the column names form selected table and ask the user to choose one of the columns.

Author

Commented:
sorry, got waylaid on another project.
getting back to the matter in hand now.
I am going to use another dropdown for Columns as you suggested,
this will be poulated from the dropdown of the list of tables.
Thankyou for the help, I'll let you know who I get on later.

Explore More ContentExplore courses, solutions, and other research materials related to this topic.