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Linq Distinct Question

Posted on 2012-03-14
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Last Modified: 2012-03-15
I'm new to Linq and need a query that I would have used the DISTNCT command for in straight SQL.

Let's say we have these tables:

USERS
ID     NAME     DEPTID
1       John       11
2       Mary      22
3       Jane       11
4       Joan        33

DEPARTMENT
ID       Name
11       Marketing
22       Finance
33       Warehouse
44       Corporate
55       HumanResources

I need a Linq query that returns the department ID and department Name of all of the departments that are referenced in the USERS table

The returned dataset would look like this:

DATASET
DepartmentName     DepartmentID
Marketing                  11
Finance                      22
Warehouse                33
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Question by:adskarcox
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2 Comments
 
LVL 75

Accepted Solution

by:
käµfm³d   👽 earned 1500 total points
ID: 37721239
You might try:

var query = from u in db.Users
            join d in db.Departments
            on u.DeptId equals d.ID
            group new { Name = d.DepartmentName, ID = d.DepartmentID } by u.DeptID into g
            select g;
            
foreach (var dept in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", dept.Name, dept.ID)
}

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LVL 6

Expert Comment

by:Triskelion
ID: 37722530
You could still use Distinct, but as @kaufmed shows, it's not necessary.
Here is a mock-up in C#
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;

namespace EE_27632122_CS_CON
{
   public class CUser
   {
      public int userId { get; set; }
      public string name { get; set; }
      public int deptId { get; set; }
   }

   public class CDepartment
   {
      public int deptId { get; set; }
      public string deptName { get; set; }
   }

   public class CDb
   {
      public List<CUser> Users { get; set; }
      public List<CDepartment> Departments { get; set; }
   }

   class Program
   {
      static void Main(string[] args)
      {
         CDb db = new CDb();
         db.Users = new List<CUser>()
         {
            new CUser() {userId=1, deptId=11, name="John"},
            new CUser() {userId=2, deptId=22, name="Mary"},
            new CUser() {userId=3, deptId=11, name="Jane"},
            new CUser() {userId=4, deptId=33, name="Joan"}
         };

         db.Departments = new List<CDepartment>()
         {
            new CDepartment(){deptId=11, deptName="Marketing"},
            new CDepartment(){deptId=22, deptName="Finance"},
            new CDepartment(){deptId=33, deptName="Warehouse"},
            new CDepartment(){deptId=44, deptName="Corporate"},
            new CDepartment(){deptId=55, deptName="HumanRacehorses"},
         };

         (
            from user in db.Users
            join dept in db.Departments on user.deptId equals dept.deptId
            select new { DepartmentName = dept.deptName, DepartmentId = dept.deptId }
         ).Distinct()
         .ToList().ForEach(dept =>
            Console.WriteLine(dept.DepartmentName.PadRight(15)
               +'\t'+dept.DepartmentId));
      }
   }
}

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