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help converting integers to strings and concatenating in C

Posted on 2012-03-16
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Last Modified: 2012-03-16
I'm trying to convert two integers into strings, concatenate them, and convert the result back to an integer. I'm not sure the best way to do this. I tried using sprintf but it didn't work and the characters were null when I printed them out.

Here are the relevant parts of the code:

alt_u8 high_digit, low_digit;
char high_digit_char, low_digit_char, full_value_char;

sprintf(high_digit_char, "%d", high_digit);
sprintf(low_digit_char, "%d", low_digit);
sprintf(full_value_char, "%s %s",high_digit_char, low_digit_char);
      
full_value = atoi(full_value_char);
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Comment
Question by:frostyourself
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11 Comments
 
LVL 85

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 37731487
char high_digit_char[2], low_digit_char[2], full_value_char[3];
sprintf(high_digit_char, "%d", high_digit%10);
sprintf(low_digit_char, "%d", low_digit%10);
sprintf(full_value_char, "%1s%1s",high_digit_char, low_digit_char);
full_value = atoi(full_value_char);
0
 
LVL 85

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 37731495
//or
 char full_value_char[99];
 sprintf(full_value_char, "%d%d",high_digit,low_digit);
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LVL 85

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 37731504
if you use full_value_char[3],
"%1s%1s" should have been "%.1s%.1s"
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Author Comment

by:frostyourself
ID: 37731565
I'm still not getting the correct result, these are the integer and corresponding character values printed out:

high int: 18 low int: 18
full val int: 2c
low char: 4 high char: 4
full char: 44

What is the point of the %10 in high_digit%10 within the sprintf?

Maybe I should post another part of the code:

high_digit = bcd_convert(high_digit);
low_digit = bcd_convert(low_digit);

alt_u8 bcd_convert(alt_u8 val_convert)
{
      switch(val_convert){

            case 0:
                  val_convert = 0xC0;
                          break;
            case 1:
                  val_convert = 0xF9;
                      break;
            case 2:
                  val_convert = 0x24;
                      break;
            case 3:
                  val_convert = 0x30;
                      break;
            case 4:
                  val_convert = 0x19;
                      break;
            case 5:
                  val_convert = 0x12;
                      break;
            case 6:
                  val_convert = 0x03;
                      break;
            case 7:
                  val_convert = 0xF8;
                      break;
            case 8:
                  val_convert = 0x00;
                      break;
            case 9:
                  val_convert = 0x18;
                            break;
                                             }
      return val_convert;
}

The high digit and low digit are converted to these hex values, so for example if high digit is 9 and low digit is 9, I would want "1818" to be the full value.
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LVL 85

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 37731732
fullvalue = bcd_convert(high_digit)<<8+bcd_convert(low_digit);
printf("%04x\n",fullvalue);
0
 

Author Comment

by:frostyourself
ID: 37731766
It's still not working, I added to the printf statement to print the high and low digits separately:

printf("high: %x low: %x full: %04x\n",high_digit,low_digit,full_value);


and this is part of the result:

high: 18 low: 12 full: 0000
high: 18 low: 3 full: 0000
high: 18 low: f8 full: 0018
high: 18 low: 0 full: 1800
high: 18 low: 18 full: 0018
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LVL 85

Accepted Solution

by:
ozo earned 2000 total points
ID: 37731773
//Sorry forgot the parentheses
fullvalue = (bcd_convert(high_digit)<<8)+bcd_convert(low_digit);
0
 

Author Comment

by:frostyourself
ID: 37731795
Thank you, there is just one slight problem:

When there is a single digit (0x00 or 0x03), this happens:

high: c0 low: 3 full: c030
high: f9 low: 0 full: f9c0

Do you know how to fix that? Thank you!!
0
 
LVL 85

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 37731815
bcd_convert(3)==30
bcd_convert(0)==0xc0
if you don't want that, don't bcd_convert
fullvalue = (high_digit<<8)+low_digit;
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:frostyourself
ID: 37731824
Thank you!
0
 
LVL 85

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 37731908
What is the point of the %10 in high_digit%10 within the sprintf?
To ensure that %d only prints a single digit.
Your original code tried to put %d into a single character, so high_digit_char[2] allocated space for a single character string, with null terminator.
if %d was permitted to print more than a single digit, it would have overflowed the space available.
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