troubleshooting Question

What Is The Process Of Installing Manually Downloaded *.gz, *.tar.gz, *.tar, And *.deb Program Package Files Into Linux Ubuntu Version 11.04? Please See The Body Below.

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BazingerooFlag for Afghanistan asked on
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Hello. I have a question to you ask you where I am being theoretical and I am trying to learn.

I have the newer redesigned and more systematically and simpler automated version of Linux Ubuntu version 11.04 -- which I am rather new to Ubuntu or as a whole Linux as well. (1) When you HAVE TO install a program *absolutely manually* and your are given a *.gz extension, a *.tar.gz extension, or a *.tar extension for starters you've just downloaded, what are the steps after downloading them to finish installing the program within Ubuntu? I am going beyond the fairly easy auto-installation features of Ubuntu like the Ubuntu Software Centre and the further removed but still fairly automated Synaptic Package Manager. (2) I assume from what I can see that Synaptic Package Manger cannot install files that are manually downloaded outside of Synaptic Package Manger that are *.gz, *.tar.gz or *.tar; am I correct? (3) Please explain? (4) I assume this will involve working with command lines in Ubuntu? (5) Please explain how to perform this task? I am not that knowledgeable here over command line usage, but I am willing to learn. (6) Are there some utilities whether inherent to Ubuntu or would need to be installed first into Ubuntu that can help automate the installation of these compressed file formats than having to know a plethora of a computer language of Linux commands that would be necessary to use? (7) Please explain in detail. This is not for a 'specific' Ubuntu program at the moment, but learning the Ubuntu installation process in a more manually executed or semi-systematic on the installation process when I encounter a downloaded *.gz. *.tar.gz, or *.tar file and what I need to do in order to incorporate the program into Ubuntu. For sake of argument and to serve as an example, I will say the file names are package.gz, package.tar.gz, or package.tar files.

I am also addressing the likes of Debian packages that need to be installed into Ubuntu like *.deb files as well. (8) Again, I assume from what I can see that Synaptic Package Manger cannot install files that are manually downloaded outside of Synaptic Package Manger that are *.deb; am I correct? (9) Please explain? (10) Again, are there any utilities/programs whether inherent to Ubuntu or would need to be installed first into Ubuntu that can help automate the installation of Debian packages too? (11) Please explain in detail. (12) If not, what are the steps I assume would be in Ubuntu line usage as well? Again, for sake of argument and to serve as an example; I will say the file names are package.deb files.

(13) I assume the most Ubuntu manually installed file types found online that one downloads come with the extensions *.gz, *.tar.gz, *.tar and *.deb? (14) If necessary or you have more to add, please explain?  

Please reply. Please answer my questions (1-14 above) and/or please provide me excellent websites with tips either part of the website or you for further clarity.

By having these 14 questions answered above, I will get a very good understanding and knowledge what is necessary in order to install into Ubuntu manually downloaded Ubuntu files.

Thank you very much!
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