Multiple Active Directories accessing Exchange 2010 at a central site with no trusts

I have Exchange 2010 in a Windows 2008 R2 Native domain that hosts mailboxes for multiple companies.  All of these companies are accessing email using Outlook Anywhere without any issue.

The companies are in their own Active Directories that do NOT have Exchange enabled in them.  There are also no VPNs and no TRUSTS to/from these Active Directories, and we do not want to go in this direction.

We do not have Exchange 2010 installed in hosted mode because the tools make managing it a nightmare.  We are segmenting GALs with the Exchange 2010 SP1 Address Book Policies.  It works great!

We are manually having users sync their passwords using CHANGE-PASSWORD in Outlook 2010 OWA.  However, we would like to get an automatic SSO if possible using Active Directory Federated Services or Forefront Identity Manager.

We already employ FIM to import user objects when a new company joins the party.  We are having a very difficult time getting the PCMS module of FIM working, which is supposed to keep the AD's user object passwords in sync.

Does anyone know if ADFS is a better way to sync passwords between 2 untrusted / un-connected AD's?  Or should we stay with FIM and just get it working?  I've been researching ADFS and it seems like it may be easier and better at keeping passwords in sync.

We have no issues with opening ports / allowing access between DCs for FIM/ADFS, we just don't want to deal with trusts and seeing other directories in the dropdowns at all of these sites.

Any insight is appreciated.
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jkeegan123Asked:
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Adam BrownConnect With a Mentor Sr Solutions ArchitectCommented:
I stand corrected on OWA and ADFS :D But it won't work with Outlook Anywhere because ADFS requires a Web Browser for user login and authentication. Outlook Anywhere uses HTTPS but only to Encapsulate RPC calls. There's no existing function to allow Outlook to pass a login to ADFS. Perhaps in the future, but after digging around a bit, MS says that ADFS will only work with OWA. http://social.technet.microsoft.com/Forums/en-US/exchange2010/thread/a43553da-d50c-4671-bf67-2a18a095c05e/
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Adam BrownSr Solutions ArchitectCommented:
ADFS won't sync passwords for you at all. It's just a different authentication system that allows you to pass and accept Tokens or Objects from a trusted provider that has already authorized a user for access. There is no password passed across an ADFS link. The ADFS server on one side of an ADFS trust authenticates a user against the AD in their environment, and if successful passes identifying information to the ADFS server on the other side (SID, UPN, etc). The trust setup between ADFS servers is used to prevent unauthorized access. It also is only useable on Web based applications that support SAML authentication. OWA doesn't support it natively.

FIM is the only system that will allow you to sync passwords between AD environments. Unfortunately, I've never been able to get that working.
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jkeegan123Author Commented:
This article has a well detailed way to do OWA using ADFS:

http://www.theidentityguy.com/articles/2010/10/15/access-owa-with-adfs.html

If this could be expanded to support Outlook Anywhere, this might be just about the greatest thing....

As for FIM, we have it working great for IMPORTING, almost no work at all.  But no PCMS. :(
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