SQL: Should I use Like or Instr or ???

Hi,
I usually use the first CASE below but was wondering which is best? or some other way ?
      CASE
      WHEN nvl(:P130_SEARCH_TERM,'NULL')='NULL' THEN 1
      WHEN INSTR(C.DESCRIPTION, :P130_SEARCH_TERM) > 0
        OR INSTR(C.NAME,        :P130_SEARCH_TERM) > 0 THEN 1
      ELSE 0
      END = 1
      
      CASE
      WHEN nvl(:P130_SEARCH_TERM,'NULL')='NULL' THEN 1
      WHEN C.DESCRIPTION like '%'||:P130_SEARCH_TERM||'%'
        OR C.NAME        like '%'||:P130_SEARCH_TERM||'%' THEN 1
      ELSE 0
      END = 1
thank you, Bill
LVL 2
BILL CarlisleAPEX DeveloperAsked:
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sdstuberCommented:
doesn't really matter either way for a middle-string search

LIKE is probably a tiny bit more efficient

if you could change your search to    LIKE :P130_search_term  || '%'   that would be indexable because the it would be leading value in the string.

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slightwv (䄆 Netminder) Commented:
I agree with the above.  Just wanted to add that items like this can easily be tested to see which one works better.

Create a simple table, load up some data and check out explain plans, performance times, etc...
slightwv (䄆 Netminder) Commented:
You also need to likely account for case sensitivity.  This can further have an impact on any potential index use.
BILL CarlisleAPEX DeveloperAuthor Commented:
thank you both!
BILL CarlisleAPEX DeveloperAuthor Commented:
yes I ended up doing the upper on both side also..
I like using the CASE that way

I will test it out with explain plan
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