Need help with a query

OK, I'm not smart enough to figure out how this query should be written so I'm turning to the experts. :)

The tables: There are two tables, Student and Enrollment.

Student contains 2 fields called StudentNumber and StudentID

Enrollment contains 3 fields: StartDate, ActionClass and StudentID

This query will return the info I need if I query for a specific studentid...
SELECT top 1 StartDate, ActionClass FROM Enrollment enr WHERE ActionClass='W' order by ReportedTime desc

What I need: I need a list of StudentNumber and StartDate where the above query returns 'W'. Students will have multiple Enrollment records and the above query is the only way to get the most recent record and check if it's W for withdrawn.

Please let me know if you have questions. Thanks in advance!
LVL 6
JeffG2583Asked:
Who is Participating?

[Product update] Infrastructure Analysis Tool is now available with Business Accounts.Learn More

x
I wear a lot of hats...

"The solutions and answers provided on Experts Exchange have been extremely helpful to me over the last few years. I wear a lot of hats - Developer, Database Administrator, Help Desk, etc., so I know a lot of things but not a lot about one thing. Experts Exchange gives me answers from people who do know a lot about one thing, in a easy to use platform." -Todd S.

CrashmanCommented:
SELECT MAX(StartDate) as StartDate, ActionClass, StudentID  FROM Enrollment enr WHERE ActionClass='W' 
Group by ActionClass,StudentID

Open in new window


Select StudentID, ActionClass, StartDate from (
Select RANK() OVER (Partition BY StudentID Order BY StartDateDesc) as Rnk, StudentID, ActionClass, StartDate from Enrollment) D where rnk =1

Open in new window

plummetCommented:
Hi Jeff,

Building on the work Crashman has done:

Select 
	s.StudentNumber,
	enr.StartDate
from (	Select 
	StudentID, 
	ActionClass, 
	StartDate,
	RANK() OVER (Partition BY StudentID Order BY StartDate Desc) as rnk
	from Enrollment) enr
inner join Student s 
  on s.StudentID = enr.StudentID
where 	d.rnk =1
and 	ActionClass='W'

Open in new window

                                           
This should return the information you want, I think.

Hope it works as expected!

John
Racim BOUDJAKDJIDatabase Architect - Dba - Data ScientistCommented:
This should give you a list of all students and dates, who have an ActionClass of W on their most recent occurrence on the table.  If you need the student who have not withdrawn yet simply switch the where clause value to any other code.

Hope this helps...

select distinct A.StudentID, A.StartDate
from Enrollment A
         inner join (select StudentID, max(StartDate) max_date from Enrollment group by StudentID) B
         on A.StudentID=B.StudentID and A.StartDate =B.max_date
where A.ActionClass = 'W'
order by A.StudentID

Open in new window

Determine the Perfect Price for Your IT Services

Do you wonder if your IT business is truly profitable or if you should raise your prices? Learn how to calculate your overhead burden with our free interactive tool and use it to determine the right price for your IT services. Download your free eBook now!

plummetCommented:
Whoops, my example had a small error, this should fix that:

Select 
	s.StudentNumber,
	enr.StartDate
from (	Select 
	StudentID, 
	ActionClass, 
	StartDate,
	RANK() OVER (Partition BY StudentID Order BY StartDate Desc) as rnk
	from Enrollment) enr
inner join Student s 
  on s.StudentID = enr.StudentID
where 	enr.rnk =1
and 	ActionClass='W'

Open in new window

Experts Exchange Solution brought to you by

Your issues matter to us.

Facing a tech roadblock? Get the help and guidance you need from experienced professionals who care. Ask your question anytime, anywhere, with no hassle.

Start your 7-day free trial
Scott PletcherSenior DBACommented:
>> Students will have multiple Enrollment records and the above query is the only way to get the most recent record and check if it's W for withdrawn. <<

Your original code doesn't quite do that.  It finds the most recent Withdrawn, regardless of whether it's the last action or not.


>> SELECT top 1 StartDate, ActionClass FROM Enrollment enr WHERE ActionClass='W' order by ReportedTime desc <<

So Enrollment has at least four relevant columns, not three, because it includes ReportedTime? -- Yes?
Racim BOUDJAKDJIDatabase Architect - Dba - Data ScientistCommented:
@JeffG2583

Can you provide feedback on the code I supplied you with.  Let us know if we can help you further.

Thanks
It's more than this solution.Get answers and train to solve all your tech problems - anytime, anywhere.Try it for free Edge Out The Competitionfor your dream job with proven skills and certifications.Get started today Stand Outas the employee with proven skills.Start learning today for free Move Your Career Forwardwith certification training in the latest technologies.Start your trial today
Microsoft SQL Server 2008

From novice to tech pro — start learning today.