Oracle query problem

I created this oracle query using VS 2008.

In first query, I want all records in gprecl that have a match in gpprob_recl.
It does what I want when I run it in a sql stored procedure (accessing oracle tables).
Completes in seconds.

SELECT        GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID AS EXPR1, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.PROBLEM_ID
FROM            GPCOMP1.GPRECL, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL
WHERE        GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID = GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID

In second query, I want all records in gprecl that dont have a match in  gpprob_recl.
This query runs, but runs forever (8+ minutes) before giving me any data.

SELECT        GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID AS EXPR1, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.PROBLEM_ID
FROM            GPCOMP1.GPRECL, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL
WHERE        GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID <> GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID

What am I doing wrong in the second query ?
Just changed the = to <>.
Why isnt this query running in seconds like the first query.
thayduckProgrammer AnalystAsked:
Who is Participating?
 
yuchingConnect With a Mentor Commented:
Hi,

try this

a. Using left outer join to select records found in GPCOMP1.GPRECL
  but not in GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL

SELECT   GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID AS EXPR1, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.PROBLEM_ID
FROM   GPCOMP1.GPRECL
LEFT OUTER JOIN GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL ON
         GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID = GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID
WHERE        GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID IS NULL


b. using NOT EXISTS, alternatively you can also try below provided total records in GPCOMP1.GPRECL is less

-- fields for GRPCOMP1_GPPROB_RECL always null because no matching
SELECT   GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID, NULL AS EXPR1, NULL AS PROBLEM_ID
FROM   GPCOMP1.GPRECL
WHERE NOT EXISTS (
      SELECT 1 FROM GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL
      WHERE GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID = GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID
)
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expert9Commented:
well first of all the first query you are matching identicals taking join on both ids in table  "GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID = GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID"

in the second query you are doing GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID <> GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID. the join condition is missing and it is taking cartesian.....

try this

SELECT        GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID AS EXPR1, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.PROBLEM_ID
            FROM            GPCOMP1.GPRECL LEFT OUTER JOIN GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL
                              ON GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID = GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID
                              and GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID <> GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID
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DavidSenior Oracle Database AdministratorCommented:
Part of the performance hit is you switched from a index scan (if the fields were indexed) to full table -- any comparison such as NE, LT, GT takes a full table hit.
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thayduckProgrammer AnalystAuthor Commented:
Tried this way but get error:

OLE DB provider "OraOLEDB.Oracle" for linked server "GPNFE" returned message "ORA-00942: table or view does not exist".
Msg 7321, Level 16, State 2, Line 1
An error occurred while preparing the query "SELECT        R.TRAN_ID, GR.TRAN_ID AS EXPR1, GR.PROBLEM_ID
            FROM            GPCOMP1.GPRECL R, LEFT OUTER JOIN GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL GR
                              ON R.TRAN_ID <> GR.TRAN_ID" for execution against OLE DB provider "OraOLEDB.Oracle" for linked server "GPNFE".

Tried this way but get error:

OLE DB provider "OraOLEDB.Oracle" for linked server "GPNFE" returned message "ORA-00905: missing keyword".
Msg 7321, Level 16, State 2, Line 1
An error occurred while preparing the query "SELECT        GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID AS EXPR1, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.PROBLEM_ID
FROM            GPCOMP1.GPRECL, LEFT OUTER JOIN GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL
WHERE        GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID <> GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID " for execution against OLE DB provider "OraOLEDB.Oracle" for linked server "GPNFE".
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DavidSenior Oracle Database AdministratorCommented:
942:  you do not have select permission on the table or view attempted.  This has to be granted by the object owner.
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thayduckProgrammer AnalystAuthor Commented:
I do have select permission.

I start getting these errors when I tried the suggestion (from expert9) to put in LEFT OUTER JOIN.

If I remove LEFT OUTER JOIN from query , it runs, but runs way to long.
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slightwv (䄆 Netminder) Commented:
Are you sure your queries are valid?

Check out the following test case.  I think it should mirror what you are doing.

Check the results of the second query.

Are you sure you want the following from the second query:          2          1 a

If there is no match, why are you returning a value from tab2 (your GPPROB_RECL)?

If not, please post sample data and expected results.

The results from the two queries below:

   TRAN_ID    TRAN_ID P
---------- ---------- -
         1          1 a


   TRAN_ID    TRAN_ID P
---------- ---------- -
         2          1 a

Open in new window


drop table tab1 purge;
create table tab1(tran_id number);

drop table tab2 purge;
create table tab2(tran_id number,problem_id char(1));

insert into tab1 values(1);
insert into tab1 values(2);

insert into tab2 values(1,'a');
commit

SELECT        t1.TRAN_ID, t2.TRAN_ID, t2.PROBLEM_ID
FROM            tab1 t1, tab2 t2
WHERE        t1.TRAN_ID = t2.TRAN_ID
/

SELECT        t1.TRAN_ID, t2.TRAN_ID, t2.PROBLEM_ID
FROM            tab1 t1, tab2 t2
WHERE        t1.TRAN_ID <> t2.TRAN_ID
/

Open in new window

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expert9Commented:
SELECT        GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID AS EXPR1, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.PROBLEM_ID
            FROM            GPCOMP1.GPRECL LEFT OUTER JOIN GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL
                              ON GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID = GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID
                              where GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID <> GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID


and should be where.... try again
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thayduckProgrammer AnalystAuthor Commented:
Expert9:

Tried your last sample but now get this error,

Msg 208, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
Invalid object name 'GPCOMP1.GPRECL'.

SET @sql= 'SELECT        GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID AS EXPR1, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.PROBLEM_ID
            FROM            GPCOMP1.GPRECL LEFT OUTER JOIN GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL
                              ON GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID = GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID
                              where GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID <> GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID'
                             
                               --Execute oracle query      EXEC (@sql)


also got this error:

Msg 156, Level 15, State 1, Line 2
Incorrect syntax near the keyword 'LEFT'.

When trying this  (put comma in from statement)


 SET @sql= 'SELECT        GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID AS EXPR1, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.PROBLEM_ID
            FROM            GPCOMP1.GPRECL, LEFT OUTER JOIN GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL
                              ON GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID = GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID
                              where GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID <> GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID'
                             
                               --Execute oracle query and populate temp table
      EXEC (@sql)
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thayduckProgrammer AnalystAuthor Commented:
yuching:

Get this error

Msg 208, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
Invalid object name 'GPCOMP1.GPRECL'.
 
When trying this

   SET @sql=  'SELECT   GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID AS EXPR1, GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.PROBLEM_ID
FROM   GPCOMP1.GPRECL
LEFT OUTER JOIN GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL ON
         GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID = GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID
WHERE        GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID IS NULL'

 EXEC (@sql)



Get this error

Msg 208, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
Invalid object name 'GPCOMP1.GPRECL'.

When trying this

SET @sql= 'SELECT   GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID, NULL AS EXPR1, NULL AS PROBLEM_ID
FROM   GPCOMP1.GPRECL
WHERE NOT EXISTS (
      SELECT 1 FROM GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL
      WHERE GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID = GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID)'
     
     
  EXEC (@sql)
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yuchingCommented:
invalid object name??? They are the same tables you listed in the question.

Can you please check are you able to make a select statement from

1. select * from GPCOMP1.GPRECL
2. select * from GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL
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expert9Commented:
are you sure you have privileges of the tables you are querying......
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thayduckProgrammer AnalystAuthor Commented:
expert9:

This ran (my mistake before) (also changed what i was selecting)
but gave me no records.

SET @sql= 'SELECT GPCOMP1.GPRECL.CUSTNO as Payer, SUBSTR(GPCOMP1.GPRECL.INVNO, 1, 10) AS InvoiceNo
            FROM            GPCOMP1.GPRECL LEFT OUTER JOIN GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL
                              ON GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID = GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID
                              where GPCOMP1.GPRECL.TRAN_ID <> GPCOMP1.GPPROB_RECL.TRAN_ID'




Yuching:

Reran your code (my mistake before)
and it worked. It gave me the the records I wanted
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thayduckProgrammer AnalystAuthor Commented:
Thanks for everyones help.
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