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Linux distributions server/client

Posted on 2012-03-26
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Do the free linux desitributions typically come in both a client (desktop) and server version? i.e. for ubuntu does it come as an equaivalent to XP and server 2008? Or is just the same version?
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Question by:pma111
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rindi earned 2000 total points
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Ubuntu does have a separate Server edition, but it really isn't comparable to windows servers and windows desktops.

You can install all the server components on an Ubuntu Desktop without any problems. There are no licensing issues for the number of connections you have as you do with Windows.

The main difference in the Server editions of Ubuntu is that there is no GUI installed on the server Version, and any unnecessary tools aren't installed by default. This makes it more secure and less easy to attack, as security holes are easier to find and close.

Other distro's often also have server editions, but usually also on those the main difference is mainly that some typical desktop tools don't come pre-installed, but most other distro's do have a GUI on the server.

There are some special distro's that do something similar to the Small Business Server in that they add tools and wizards that make the configuration of the different aspects of the server easy. Most of those are semi-commercial, that means the base system is free, but you can add licenses which give you help from the distributor. A very good such distro is Zentyal (which uses Ubuntu Server as a base, but adds a light GUI and a good Web Interface that is used for the configuration.

http://distrowatch.com/table.php?distribution=zentyal

If you are new to Linux and it's Servers, I highly recommend Zentyal, as otherwise you'll have to go through many "How-To's" and installation documentations to get even relatively simple things running. As the Server systems like Ubuntu Server comes as a very basic system, with File-Server services etc neither installed nor configured.
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