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SQL substring statement

What I need to do is to do an UPDATE SQL statement where I add one to the first 4 digits of a field, the year, if the last 2 digits of the field, the month, is greater than 12.  I can't figure out how to do this.  This is what I have right now but it doesn't work.

UPDATE table1 SET SUBSTRING(PeriodStart, 1, 4) = SUBSTRING(PeriodStart, 1, 4) + 1 WHERE SUBSTRING(PeriodStart, 5, 2) > 12
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zintech
Asked:
zintech
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1 Solution
 
AshokCommented:
What is Data Type for PeriodStart?
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zintechAuthor Commented:
It is integer data type
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designatedinitializerCommented:
I'm sorry to break it to you like this, but you're doing it all wrong.
You should store dates as DATE datatype. And then you can use MONTH(), DAY()... and a whole bunch of other date functions to do whatever date computations you need.
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AshokCommented:
BTW, you cannot use SubString directly on integer.....

select * from Table1
where
CAST(Substring(CAST(PeriodStart as varchar(100)), 5,2) AS INT)  > 12
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AshokCommented:
Just as designatedinitializer has mentioned,
you should be using Date as Data Type for this field.

Ashok
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OCDanCommented:
As said using a date field would be a lot better but below should help.

You don't need substring to do what you need try this:

update table1
set periodstart = convert(int,convert(varchar,left(periodstart,4)+1) + convert(varchar,right(periodstart,2)))
where left(periodstart,4)>12

Open in new window

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Patrick TallaricoCommented:
I agree that you should probably store the dates as dates... but if you are storing them as integers, you should just be able to add a number to the value.  Substring will not work with the integer data type.  It looks like you are trying to cycle through the year, and add the one to the year value when the month value exceeds 12.  Is this correct.

If your date was stored like 20110102 for 01-02-2011  then you should be able to add 10000 to the integer to increase the year value.  Obviously the number would need to be adjusted to whatever format you are using.
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hnasrCommented:
List 5 input records and expected corresponding output.
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OCDanCommented:
Sorry my SQL should have been this instead:
update table1
set periodstart = convert(int,convert(varchar,left(periodstart,4)+1) + convert(varchar,right(periodstart,2)))
where right(periodstart,2)>12

Open in new window

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hnasrCommented:
Try this for table a and field periodstart.

UPDATE a
      SET periodstart =
            case WHEN substring(cast(periodstart as nvarchar(8)),7,2) > '12' THEN periodstart + 10000
            Else periodstart
END
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keyuCommented:
UPDATE table1 SET PeriodStart = convert(varchar,(convert(left(periodstart,4),int) + 1))+right(periodstart,length(periodstart)-4) WHERE right(periodstart,2)>12

DEscription:

* convert(varchar,(convert(left(periodstart,4),int) + 1)) =>

-> It will retrieve first 4 characters convert it into int
-> add 1 to this
->  again covert it back to varchar after addition

 *right(periodstart,length(periodstart)-4)

- > this will find remaining charaters of field    "periodstart"

* after this we are concating both sstring with '+' character
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