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Convert varchar Mon-yyyy  to date

Posted on 2012-04-02
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Last Modified: 2012-04-03
My date field is DATE (varchar(8))  and is in the format Mon-YYYY (ex: Apr-2010).  How do I convert to a date using the 1st of the month.  I tried several solutions I found here and on the web but couldn't get any to work.
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Question by:CarenC
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8 Comments
 
LVL 18

Expert Comment

by:lludden
ID: 37796697
DECLARE @V VARCHAR(8) = 'APR-2012'

SELECT cast('01-' + @v AS DATETIME)
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Author Comment

by:CarenC
ID: 37796759
I don't know how or where to use the DECLARE statement.  All I know to do is run a SELECT.
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Accepted Solution

by:
lludden earned 500 total points
ID: 37796871
I was just doing that to show the syntax.  If the field in your table is MyDate then use

SELECT ELECT cast('01-' + MyDate AS DATETIME) AS MyDate FROM myTable
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LVL 6

Expert Comment

by:rkannan2000
ID: 37797307
Hi lludden,
I think the following might help.

SELECT STR_TO_DATE(concat('01-',myDate) , '%d-%M-%Y')   FROM myTable

Regards
Kannan
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Author Closing Comment

by:CarenC
ID: 37801457
lludden's solution worked.  rkannan2000's didn't work . . . the error was str_to_date is not a valide function.
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LVL 69

Expert Comment

by:Scott Pletcher
ID: 37801468
YYYYMMDD is a 100% safe format *and* will fit in the existing space if you want to permanently change the column's data.

SELECT
    RIGHT(date, 4) + RIGHT('0' + CAST((CHARINDEX(LEFT(date, 3),
        'JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec') + 2) / 3 AS varchar(2)), 2) + '01' AS date
FROM dbo.tablename
WHERE
    ...


UPDATE dbo.tablename
SET date = RIGHT(date, 4) + RIGHT('0' + CAST((CHARINDEX(LEFT(date, 3),
        'JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec') + 2) / 3 AS varchar(2)), 2) + '01'
0
 

Author Comment

by:CarenC
ID: 37801490
Scott . . . good suggestion but can't make that change in this situation.
0
 
LVL 69

Expert Comment

by:Scott Pletcher
ID: 37801579
Would still work as a SELECT, of course :-) :

SELECT
    CAST(RIGHT(date, 4) + RIGHT('0' + CAST((CHARINDEX(LEFT(date, 3),
        'JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec') + 2) / 3 AS varchar(2)), 2) + '01' AS date) AS date
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