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Vmware 4.1 Consuming Configured Memory

I have a VMware ESX 4.1 server running with 16 GB of RAM, 4 virtual machines of which 3 of them are configured for 4 GB RAM each.  They are not using all of the memory, however VMware has still allocated all of the memory for the Virtual Machine, rather than dynamically allocating memory as it's needed.

As you can see with the screenshot, the Host Memory consumed is the same as the VM allocated memory

Memory Consumption
How can I get it to only use memory on demand?

VMware 4.1 ESX
No VCenter Server Involved.
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LesterClayton
Asked:
LesterClayton
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1 Solution
 
Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE^2)VMware and Virtualization ConsultantCommented:
what does the summary for the Host Memory look like.

Although you have allocated 3x4GB, total 12GB that will only be used when all VMs use it, vSphere does not support Dynamic Memory like HyperV, but does support overcommitting of memory.

using memory you not physically have.
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IanThCommented:
also the esx host will use some memory
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LesterClaytonAuthor Commented:
I appreciate the input, I will provide some more detail and screenshots as I am able
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LesterClaytonAuthor Commented:
As you can see, the memory usage is 13 GB,

Memory Usage
And it seems to be as a result of the virtual machines using up all the allocated memory.

Host Memory
I was under the impression that VMware only allocated the consumed memory from the guests
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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE^2)VMware and Virtualization ConsultantCommented:
from those stats, actual memory consumed from host is 13GB

each guest is actually using 4121GB each.

check the Active memory figure per guest.
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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE^2)VMware and Virtualization ConsultantCommented:
have you made any Guest Memory Reservations, as the Guest Memory usage is very low, but the memory looks like its been reserved which then Guarantees the memory, eg its taken from the host pool, and is always guaranteed to be available.
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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE^2)VMware and Virtualization ConsultantCommented:
how have the virtual machine settings been configured, three of the VMs compared to the pFsense Router
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LesterClaytonAuthor Commented:
The pFsense router has been configured to use 256 MB Memory, and according to the Resource Allocation Screen (Shown below) it's consumed 272 MB.

pfSense Router
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LesterClaytonAuthor Commented:
Sorry I missed your other question.  It looks like I'm not using any memory reservation (0 MB), and here is another server to compare with.

4 GB Server
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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE^2)VMware and Virtualization ConsultantCommented:
have you installed VMware Tools in the VM?

Check VM settings options memory.
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LesterClaytonAuthor Commented:
Yes, VMware tools are installed, first thing I checked.  I probably should have mentioned it.

General
As you can see the Windows box is not using all the 4 GB memory.

Task Manager
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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE^2)VMware and Virtualization ConsultantCommented:
At one point, your VMs, must have requested this much memory, and these are the high water mark values, still in use, that will be released if other VMs require the memory, by using the Balloon Driver in VMware Tools.

memory
See screenshot, this is a Windows 2008 R2 64bit DC, allocated 4GB, Guest Using 40MB, but current usage from host is 902MB, because that was requested, and current Host memory pressure is okay.
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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE^2)VMware and Virtualization ConsultantCommented:
also this white paper, may answer you questions

http://www.vmware.com/files/pdf/perf-vsphere-memory_management.pdf
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LesterClaytonAuthor Commented:
If I restarted the virtual severs, should their memory payload be lower?  Because this does not happen.  You can see that the Windows server I posted has been up for 1 day and 18 hours, yet it is "consuming" 4 GB RAM.
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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE^2)VMware and Virtualization ConsultantCommented:
The host consumed memory shows what has been allocated to the VM.  Currently your host memory is not overcommited therefore the VMware vSphere Hypervisor has no reason to allocate less memory.  If you existing VMs, spiked because of activivity within the VMs, the guests would not need to request more memory.

Also, if you know, your VMs do not require 4GB, each, reduce the amount you have allocated.

If you were to create new VMs, and start them, they would request memory from the other VMs, so the values would drop.

Because you have allocated the VM, 4GB of memory, so VMware has allocated 4GB+Memory overhead from the host.

ONLY, under memory pressure, will it start toi relcaim memory from other VMs.
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LesterClaytonAuthor Commented:
I'll accept your last statement, as it's proven to be true with testing.  Thank you.  Here you can see the memory usage on the 3 other machines have dropped down the moment I requested more memory for a new virtual machine.

Memory Usage Now
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LesterClaytonAuthor Commented:
Thanks for your patience and explanation.  I am ashamed becuase I am VCP 3 and 4 and should have realised this myself.  I blame my superiors for forcing me to use an inferior product - Hyper-V :(
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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE^2)VMware and Virtualization ConsultantCommented:
Yes, that's Memory Reclaim and Balloon Driver in action.

No problems, often worth bouncing ideas off a fresh "head"!

it's often confusing working with different vendor hypervisors, but both are good products.
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