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Backing up Linux Servers

Posted on 2012-04-09
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Last Modified: 2012-06-15
Just wondering what medium to large size data centers are doing to backup Linux servers.  We are primarily a Windows shop, but some Linux servers are going to be coming aboard soon.  Probably Red Hat and Ubuntu.  We are primarily a Backup Exec 2010 shop.

I know there is a Red Hat agent for Backup Exec, but what versions does it support?  According to their site most current version it supports is the 5.0 base only.  And doesn't list 6.0 at all.  Also, does it actually backup the entire image, or just directory paths.

What are my other options and what are other people using?

Thanks!
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Question by:gunschee
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PENN_ZHANG earned 250 total points
ID: 37826953
We use Symantec-NBU to backup almost all of our RedHat Server,except those with low OS Edition boxes,such as RedHat 4.x.
For low OS Edition boxes,can be backuped by 'dump' command.(only several important boxes need backup).
I have seen a file in Redhat Official Kbase (kbase.redhat.com ):
"Backing Up and Restoring Red Hat Enterprise Linux Systems with Red Hat Network Satellite Server",the link is
"https://access.redhat.com/knowledge/techbriefs/backing-and-restoring-red-hat-enterprise-linux-systems-red-hat-network-satellit"
I have not tried this yet,maybe it's good.
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by:TobiasHolm
TobiasHolm earned 250 total points
ID: 37837851
http://xpro.se/blog/2010/09/29/backup-i-linux/

Amanda is a great Open Source backup solution if you’re willing to spend the time to learn how to set it up. It works very well, and there’s good support from their mailing lists.

Ref: http://amanda.zmanda.com/



BackupPC is also a nice solution for backups in Debian/Ubuntu. It should work on all Linux as well.

Ref: http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/588
Ref: http://www.linux-magazine.com/w3/issue/105/060-061_kurt.pdf



Bacula is another backup solution which can handle tape robots and disk staging. It can be compared to Legato Networker and similar big expensive products.

Ref: http://www.bacula.org
Ref: http://www.linux-magazine.com/w3/issue/57/Bacula_Backup_System.pdf



CloneZilla is a free (GPL) Software. It’s like an Open Source version of Symantec (Norton) Ghost. Filesystem supported: ext2, ext3, ext4, reiserfs, xfs, jfs of GNU/Linux, FAT, NTFS of MS Windows, and HFS+ of Mac OS. Therefore you can clone GNU/Linux, MS Windows and Intel-based Mac OS, no matter it’s 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x86-64) OS. For these file systems, only used blocks in partition are saved and restored. For unsupported file system, sector-to-sector copy is done by dd in Clonezilla.

LVM2 (LVM version 1 is not) under GNU/Linux is supported.
Multicast is supported in Clonezilla SE, which is suitable for massively clone. You can also remotely use it to save or restore a bunch of computers if PXE and Wake-on-LAN are supported in your clients.

Ref: http://clonezilla.org/



Mondo is comprehensive. Mondo supports LVM 1/2, RAID, ext2, ext3, ext4, JFS, XFS, ReiserFS, VFAT, and can support additional filesystems easily: just e-mail the mailing list with your request. It supports software raid as well as most hardware raid controllers. It supports adjustments in disk geometry, including migration from non-RAID to RAID. Mondo runs on all major Linux distributions (RedHat, RHEL, SuSE, SLES, Mandriva, Debian, Gentoo) and is getting better all the time. You may even use it to backup non-Linux partitions, such as NTFS. Mondo is free! It has been published under the GPL v2 (GNU Public License), partly to expose it to thousands of potential beta-testers but mostly as a contribution to the Linux community.

Ref: http://www.mondorescue.org/



Arkeia could be a commercial alternative. Manages cross platform but ain’t free, although they offer a free test for very small Linux users:

Arkeia Network Backup, Free Edition is fully-featured and is not time-limited. One free, perpetual license is granted per individual (for personal use) or per company (for corporate use) and only web registration is required. The no-cost license includes:

    One backup server for any Linux distribution,

    Two backup agents to protect two machines including Windows workstations and any Linux, Mac OS X and BSD machines,

    Support of up to 250GB capacity for backup to disk,

    Support of any single tape drive for backup to tape, and

    Technical Support via on-line forums, knowledgebase, and Arkeia’s documentation wiki

Ref: http://www.arkeia.com
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