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C# - String Parse after so many characters and then "..more"

Posted on 2012-04-10
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Last Modified: 2012-06-27
Hello all,

I have a datatable with rows of course and I am just currently adding each column value to a string variable as below:

  foreach (DataRow row in dt.Rows)
                    {
                        strUniqueValues += row["MyColumn"].ToString() + ",";
                    }

What I was doing was if there was <= 3 rows then I just appended to the string otherwise in an else statement I was just doing a for loop 0-2 then I have a linkbutton that says "and 12 others" for example.

What I want to do is somehow have like say 300 characters max then cutoff and say "and 12 others" for example.  But I need it to be a clean cutoff where I show each whole string value then get a count of the remaining for the "and + cntremain + others".

Anyone know how I can do this?
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Comment
Question by:sbornstein2
  • 2
  • 2
4 Comments
 
LVL 23

Accepted Solution

by:
wdosanjos earned 400 total points
ID: 37829912
Please try:
var msgTemplate = " and {0} others";
var comma = ",";
var sb = new StringBuilder(300);
var left = dt.Rows.Count;

foreach (DataRow row in dt.Rows)
{
    var str = row["MyColumn"].ToString();
    var msg = String.Format(msgTemplate, left);
    var extra = 1 + ((left > 1) ? msg.Length : comma.Length);
    
    if (str.Length + extra + sb.Length > sb.Capacity)
    {
        sb.Append(msg);
        
        break;
    }
    
    if (sb.Length > 0)
    {
        sb.Append(comma);
    }
    
    sb.Append(str);
    
    left--;
}

strUniqueValues = sb.ToString();

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Author Closing Comment

by:sbornstein2
ID: 37832706
This was perfect, thank you very much for your time and help.
0
 

Author Comment

by:sbornstein2
ID: 37837808
wdosanjos sorry one more question.  I think I now need the same thing but not to cut off if the whole column text exceeds the character count.  How can I adjust this so lets say I still want 300 characters and then to have the "and {0} others" but have the last column text be something like "mytex..." just add dots to the last one.  Hope this makes sense.  So I want to still have 300 characters total but not cutoff the last column shorter if the whole column text won't make it.

My original post I wanted the opposite and only the whole text.

Thanks for any help again.
0
 
LVL 23

Expert Comment

by:wdosanjos
ID: 37839395
Add the following lines just before sb.Append(msg):
		int i = sb.Capacity - sb.Length - msg.Length - 4;

		if (i > 0)
		{
			sb.Append("," + str.Substring(0, i) + "...");
		}

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