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Need to convert sed expression to a similar awk expression

Posted on 2012-04-12
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Last Modified: 2012-04-19
I am trying to re-engineer the following function in a script so that it can use awk to search for the /home mount in fstab and comment out the line. The reason being the method for mounting the /home directory can vary... eg, UUID, LVM path, Label... etc

So basically I just need the first line below changed so that it uses awk to search for /home instead of using sed to un-comment the /dev/mapper/os_vg-home line

function setupautofs {
if [ $DEV ]; then
	umount /home
	sed -i.orig -e 's/^\/dev\/mapper\/os_vg-home/#\/dev\/mapper\/os_vg-home/' /etc/fstab
	sed -i.orig -e '/+auto.master/i\/home     /etc/auto.home' /etc/auto.master
	echo "*     -_netdev,nosuid,tcp,hard,bg,intr,rsize=32768,wsize=32768     alanetapp001b.choicepoint.net:/vol/home/&" >> /etc/auto.home
	chkconfig autofs on
	service autofs restart
fi
}

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Here is the fstab if needed:

UUID=1d086e6d-83f0-4a9c-984f-186dc80eda3f /boot                   ext4    defaults        1 2
/dev/mapper/os_vg-home  /home                   ext4    defaults        1 2
/dev/mapper/os_vg-tmp   /tmp                    ext4    defaults        1 2
/dev/mapper/os_vg-var   /var                    ext4    defaults        1 2
/dev/mapper/os_vg-swap  swap                    swap    defaults        0 0
tmpfs                   /dev/shm                tmpfs   defaults        0 0
devpts                  /dev/pts                devpts  gid=5,mode=620  0 0
sysfs                   /sys                    sysfs   defaults        0 0
proc                    /proc                   proc    defaults        0 0

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Question by:Thaidog
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3 Comments
 
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Accepted Solution

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woolmilkporc earned 2000 total points
ID: 37837156
awk cannot modify files "in place" as sed can do with the "-i" flag and thus can't save a backup copy either.

So you will have to redirect awk's output to a temporary file to then move this file back to the original.

The awk statement could look like this:

awk '{if($0~/^\/dev\/mapper\/os_vg-home/) print "#" $0; else print $0}' /etc/fstab > /tmp/fstab.$$ && mv /tmp/fstab.$$ /etc/fstab

Replace "mv" with "cp" to keep a backup copy of fstab in /tmp, suffixed with the current PID of your script.

wmp
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Author Comment

by:Thaidog
ID: 37850768
This seems to do what I need:

awk '$2 == "/home"{$0 = "#"$0}{print > FILENAME}' /etc/fstab
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Expert Comment

by:woolmilkporc
ID: 37850845
Are you sure?

I think you'll end up in an infinite loop appending lines to fstab until the FS is full.

This is an alternative (but possibly dangerous - make a copy of /etc/fstab first!):

( rm /etc/fstab && awk '$2 == "/home"{$0 = "#"$0} {print}' >/etc/fstab ) </etc/fstab

or shorter

( rm /etc/fstab && awk '$2 == "/home"{$0 = "#"$0}1' >/etc/fstab ) </etc/fstab



wmp
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