Why we've to add a scroll pane into a panel before adding a panel into frame

Hi:

We're writing Java programs with Swing.

In the program, we access a database, get the data, populate a table with the data.

In order to display the table, we add the table into a scroll pane, then add the scroll pane into a panel, and finally add the panel to the frame. It works.

If we added the scroll pane directly to the frame, it didn't work, i.e. the table is not displayed.

Why do we've to use the panel?
Why the data is not displayed if we add the scroll pane directly to the frame?

If you've any idea about this, please help.

Thanks so much,

Somits
somitsAsked:
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zzynxSr. Software engineerCommented:
>> If we added the scroll pane directly to the frame, it didn't work, i.e. the table is not displayed.
Can you show the code? How did you add it?
I guess you did myFrame.add(myScrollPane);

As is explained eg. here the components added to a frame are referred to as its contents; these are managed by the frame's contentPane. To add a component to a JFrame, we must use its contentPane:

myFrame.getContentPane().add(myScrollPane);  // this way you add it in a FlowLayout

if you want a BorderLayout:

myFrame.getContentPane().setLayout(new BorderLayout());
myFrame.getContentPane().add(myScrollPane, BorderLayout.CENTER);
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somitsAuthor Commented:
Hi zzynx:

Thanks a lot for your replying.

I attached the code below.

Thanks,

Somits



Here is the code:

//------------- code that display data correctly


table = new JTable(data, columnNames);

            TableColumn col;
            for (int i = 0; i < table.getColumnCount(); i++) {
                  col = table.getColumnModel().getColumn(i);

                  col.setMaxWidth(250);

            } // End of for loop
      
            scrollPane = new JScrollPane( table );
            panel.add(scrollPane);
            frame.getContentPane().add(panel);
            frame.setVisible(true);

//------------- code that does not display anything

table = new JTable(data, columnNames);

            TableColumn col;
            for (int i = 0; i < table.getColumnCount(); i++) {
                  col = table.getColumnModel().getColumn(i);

                  col.setMaxWidth(250);

            } // End of for loop
      
            scrollPane = new JScrollPane( table );            
            frame.getContentPane().add(scrollPane);
            frame.setVisible(true);
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zzynxSr. Software engineerCommented:
>> //------------- code that display data correctly
>> ...
>>  panel.add(scrollPane);

Question here is: what is panel? I mean, what layout does it have? That's important. That's why it displays the table correctly I think.

Did you try:
frame.getContentPane().setLayout(new BorderLayout());
frame.getContentPane().add(scrollPane, BorderLayout.CENTER);
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zzynxSr. Software engineerCommented:
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somitsAuthor Commented:
Hi zzynx:

Thanks so much for your help.

You're absolutely right. It displays the data.

Now I understand why the layout is so important in the design & coding java swing app.

Thanks so much.

Somits
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zzynxSr. Software engineerCommented:
You're welcome.
Thanx 4 axxepting.
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