SQL Query - Loop and using variable

I have a query that I would like to do a loop through number of users and use the userid as variable.  I been googling and don't find a good resource.  Can someone help out?

DECLARE @USER VARCHAR(50)
SET @USER = 'SELECT DISTINCT USERID FROM DB1.DBO.SECURITY_COMPONENT'

WHILE (SELECT COUNT(A.USERID) FROM (SELECT DISTINCT USERID FROM DB1.DBO.SECURITY_COMPONENT) A )  > 0
BEGIN
SELECT       @USERID AS USER,
            SC.DESCRIPTION, SC.COMPONENT_ID, SC.COMPONENT,
            CASE WHEN A.PERMISSION IS NULL THEN 'Y' ELSE A.PERMISSION END AS PERMISSION,
            SC.SUB_COMPONENT
FROM      DB1.DBO.SECURITY_COMPONENT SC
            LEFT OUTER JOIN
            (
            SELECT      T.USER_ID, T.DESCRIPTION, T.COMPONENT_ID, T.COMPONENT, T.PERMISSION, T.SUB_COMPONENT
            FROM      DB1.DBO.SECURITY_COMPONENT T
            WHERE      S.USER_ID = @USER
            ) A      ON A.COMPONENT = SC.COMPONENT
                  AND A.COMPONET_ID = SC.COMPONENT_ID
WHERE      SC.USERID = 'NOPERMISSION'

I want to loop through each user.
holemaniaAsked:
Who is Participating?
 
holemaniaAuthor Commented:
I got it to work by using cursor.
0
 
oleggoldCommented:
that's all scripts:
DECLARE @DatabaseUserName [sysname]
SET @DatabaseUserName = ‘user_name_goes_here’

SET NOCOUNT ON
DECLARE
@errStatement [varchar](8000),
@msgStatement [varchar](8000),
@DatabaseUserID [smallint],
@ServerUserName [sysname],
@RoleName [varchar](8000),
@ObjectID [int],
@ObjectName [varchar](261)

SELECT
@DatabaseUserID = [sysusers].[uid],
@ServerUserName = [master].[dbo].[syslogins].[loginname]
FROM [dbo].[sysusers]
INNER JOIN [master].[dbo].[syslogins]
ON [sysusers].[sid] = [master].[dbo].[syslogins].[sid]
WHERE [sysusers].[name] = @DatabaseUserName
IF @DatabaseUserID IS NULL
BEGIN
SET @errStatement = ‘User ‘ + @DatabaseUserName + ‘ does not exist in ‘ + DB_NAME() + CHAR(13) +
‘Please provide the name of a current user in ‘ + DB_NAME() + ‘ you wish to script.’
RAISERROR(@errStatement, 16, 1)
END
ELSE
BEGIN
SET @msgStatement = ‘–Security creation script for user ‘ + @ServerUserName + CHAR(13) +
‘–Created At: ‘ + CONVERT(varchar, GETDATE(), 112) + REPLACE(CONVERT(varchar, GETDATE(), 108), ‘:’, ”) + CHAR(13) +
‘–Created By: ‘ + SUSER_NAME() + CHAR(13) +
‘–Add User To Database’ + CHAR(13) +
‘USE [' + DB_NAME() + ']‘ + CHAR(13) +
‘EXEC [sp_grantdbaccess]‘ + CHAR(13) +
CHAR(9) + ‘@loginame = ”’ + @ServerUserName + ”’,’ + CHAR(13) +
CHAR(9) + ‘@name_in_db = ”’ + @DatabaseUserName + ”” + CHAR(13) +
‘GO’ + CHAR(13) +
‘–Add User To Roles’
PRINT @msgStatement
DECLARE _sysusers
CURSOR
LOCAL
FORWARD_ONLY
READ_ONLY
FOR
SELECT
[name]
FROM [dbo].[sysusers]
WHERE
[uid] IN
(
SELECT
[groupuid]
FROM [dbo].[sysmembers]
WHERE [memberuid] = @DatabaseUserID
)
OPEN _sysusers
FETCH
NEXT
FROM _sysusers
INTO @RoleName
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
BEGIN
SET @msgStatement = ‘EXEC [sp_addrolemember]‘ + CHAR(13) +
CHAR(9) + ‘@rolename = ”’ + @RoleName + ”’,’ + CHAR(13) +
CHAR(9) + ‘@membername = ”’ + @DatabaseUserName + ””
PRINT @msgStatement
FETCH
NEXT
FROM _sysusers
INTO @RoleName
END
SET @msgStatement = ‘GO’ + CHAR(13) +
‘–Set Object Specific Permissions’
PRINT @msgStatement
DECLARE _sysobjects
CURSOR
LOCAL
FORWARD_ONLY
READ_ONLY
FOR
SELECT
DISTINCT([sysobjects].[id]),
‘[' + USER_NAME([sysobjects].[uid]) + ‘].[' + [sysobjects].[name] + ‘]’
FROM [dbo].[sysprotects]
INNER JOIN [dbo].[sysobjects]
ON [sysprotects].[id] = [sysobjects].[id]
WHERE [sysprotects].[uid] = @DatabaseUserID
OPEN _sysobjects
FETCH
NEXT
FROM _sysobjects
INTO
@ObjectID,
@ObjectName
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
BEGIN
SET @msgStatement = ”
IF EXISTS(SELECT * FROM [dbo].[sysprotects] WHERE [id] = @ObjectID AND [uid] = @DatabaseUserID AND [action] = 193 AND [protecttype] = 205)
SET @msgStatement = @msgStatement + ‘SELECT,’
IF EXISTS(SELECT * FROM [dbo].[sysprotects] WHERE [id] = @ObjectID AND [uid] = @DatabaseUserID AND [action] = 195 AND [protecttype] = 205)
SET @msgStatement = @msgStatement + ‘INSERT,’
IF EXISTS(SELECT * FROM [dbo].[sysprotects] WHERE [id] = @ObjectID AND [uid] = @DatabaseUserID AND [action] = 197 AND [protecttype] = 205)
SET @msgStatement = @msgStatement + ‘UPDATE,’
IF EXISTS(SELECT * FROM [dbo].[sysprotects] WHERE [id] = @ObjectID AND [uid] = @DatabaseUserID AND [action] = 196 AND [protecttype] = 205)
SET @msgStatement = @msgStatement + ‘DELETE,’
IF EXISTS(SELECT * FROM [dbo].[sysprotects] WHERE [id] = @ObjectID AND [uid] = @DatabaseUserID AND [action] = 224 AND [protecttype] = 205)
SET @msgStatement = @msgStatement + ‘EXECUTE,’
IF EXISTS(SELECT * FROM [dbo].[sysprotects] WHERE [id] = @ObjectID AND [uid] = @DatabaseUserID AND [action] = 26 AND [protecttype] = 205)
SET @msgStatement = @msgStatement + ‘REFERENCES,’
IF LEN(@msgStatement) > 0
BEGIN
IF RIGHT(@msgStatement, 1) = ‘,’
SET @msgStatement = LEFT(@msgStatement, LEN(@msgStatement) – 1)
SET @msgStatement = ‘GRANT’ + CHAR(13) +
CHAR(9) + @msgStatement + CHAR(13) +
CHAR(9) + ‘ON ‘ + @ObjectName + CHAR(13) +
CHAR(9) + ‘TO ‘ + @DatabaseUserName
PRINT @msgStatement
END
SET @msgStatement = ”
IF EXISTS(SELECT * FROM [dbo].[sysprotects] WHERE [id] = @ObjectID AND [uid] = @DatabaseUserID AND [action] = 193 AND [protecttype] = 206)
SET @msgStatement = @msgStatement + ‘SELECT,’
IF EXISTS(SELECT * FROM [dbo].[sysprotects] WHERE [id] = @ObjectID AND [uid] = @DatabaseUserID AND [action] = 195 AND [protecttype] = 206)
SET @msgStatement = @msgStatement + ‘INSERT,’
IF EXISTS(SELECT * FROM [dbo].[sysprotects] WHERE [id] = @ObjectID AND [uid] = @DatabaseUserID AND [action] = 197 AND [protecttype] = 206)
SET @msgStatement = @msgStatement + ‘UPDATE,’
IF EXISTS(SELECT * FROM [dbo].[sysprotects] WHERE [id] = @ObjectID AND [uid] = @DatabaseUserID AND [action] = 196 AND [protecttype] = 206)
SET @msgStatement = @msgStatement + ‘DELETE,’
IF EXISTS(SELECT * FROM [dbo].[sysprotects] WHERE [id] = @ObjectID AND [uid] = @DatabaseUserID AND [action] = 224 AND [protecttype] = 206)
SET @msgStatement = @msgStatement + ‘EXECUTE,’
IF EXISTS(SELECT * FROM [dbo].[sysprotects] WHERE [id] = @ObjectID AND [uid] = @DatabaseUserID AND [action] = 26 AND [protecttype] = 206)
SET @msgStatement = @msgStatement + ‘REFERENCES,’
IF LEN(@msgStatement) > 0
BEGIN
IF RIGHT(@msgStatement, 1) = ‘,’
SET @msgStatement = LEFT(@msgStatement, LEN(@msgStatement) – 1)
SET @msgStatement = ‘DENY’ + CHAR(13) +
CHAR(9) + @msgStatement + CHAR(13) +
CHAR(9) + ‘ON ‘ + @ObjectName + CHAR(13) +
CHAR(9) + ‘TO ‘ + @DatabaseUserName
PRINT @msgStatement
END
FETCH
NEXT
FROM _sysobjects
INTO
@ObjectID,
@ObjectName
END
CLOSE _sysobjects
DEALLOCATE _sysobjects
PRINT ‘GO’
END
 

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oleggoldCommented:
this is the key sql:
SELECT
@DatabaseUserID = [sysusers].[uid],
@ServerUserName = [master].[dbo].[syslogins].[loginname]
FROM [dbo].[sysusers]
INNER JOIN [master].[dbo].[syslogins]
ON [sysusers].[sid] = [master].[dbo].[syslogins].[sid]
WHERE [sysusers].[name] = @DatabaseUserName
0
 
oleggoldCommented:
i'd change thesql like this at least:
DECLARE @DatabaseUserName [sysname]
SET @DatabaseUserName =            USER_NAME()

SET NOCOUNT ON
DECLARE
@errStatement [varchar](8000),
@msgStatement [varchar](8000),
@DatabaseUserID [smallint],
@ServerUserName [sysname],
@RoleName [varchar](8000),
@ObjectID [int],
@ObjectName [varchar](261)

SELECT
@DatabaseUserID = [sysusers].[uid],
@ServerUserName = [master].[dbo].[syslogins].[loginname]
FROM [dbo].[sysusers]
INNER JOIN [master].[dbo].[syslogins]
ON [sysusers].[sid] = [master].[dbo].[syslogins].[sid]
WHERE [sysusers].[name] = @DatabaseUserName
IF @DatabaseUserID IS NULL
BEGIN
SET @errStatement = 'User ' + @DatabaseUserName + ' does not exist in ' + DB_NAME() + CHAR(13) +
'Please provide the name of a current user in ' + DB_NAME() + ' you wish to script.'
RAISERROR(@errStatement, 16, 1)
END
ELSE
BEGIN
SET @msgStatement = 'Security creation script for user ' + @ServerUserName + CHAR(13) +
' Created At: ' + CONVERT(varchar, GETDATE(), 112) + REPLACE(CONVERT(varchar, GETDATE(), 108), ':',"")
 + CHAR(13) +' Created By: ' + SUSER_NAME() + CHAR(13) +
' Add User To Database' + CHAR(13) +
'USE [' + DB_NAME() + ']' + CHAR(13) +
'EXEC [sp_grantdbaccess]' + CHAR(13) +
CHAR(9) + '@loginame = ”' + @ServerUserName + ',' + CHAR(13) +
CHAR(9) + '@name_in_db = ”' + @DatabaseUserName + "" + CHAR(13) +
'GO' + CHAR(13) + 'Add User To Roles'
PRINT @msgStatement
0
 
holemaniaAuthor Commented:
Not sure if what you posted is related to the original inquiry about loop.  Been thinking this through and would this also work by using "CROSS APPLY"?
0
 
holemaniaAuthor Commented:
Using cursor and was able to get this working.
0
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