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SBS2008 to SBS2008 Migration error

Posted on 2012-09-16
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Last Modified: 2012-09-29
I am replacing a SBS2008 server with a new machine and using the latest migration guide (http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/confirmation.aspx?id=11592).  
Upon completion of the installation on the destination server I am getting the following error:
FATAL: DcPromo_JoinDomain: The server was not promoted to a domain controller.

 From the DcPromo log file I see:
Checking if Active Directory Domain Services binaries are installed...
Active Directory Domain Services Setup

Validating environment and parameters...

The wizard cannot access the list of domains in the forest. The error is:
The semaphore timeout period has expired.

The attached SBSsetup log may provide some answers but I am grateful for any suggestions!  I have tried running the migration preparation tool on the source server although beca  use it is already SBS2008, I'm not sure if this was necessary.  After the first failed attempt I did try Raising the domain functional level from Server 2003 to 2008 (this machine had itself been migrated from SBS 2003 to SBS2008 a few years back) but this may have been too late or had no effect anyway. Ideas?

One other thought- The last two attempts I have had to manually change the time in the setup wizard because if was off by one hour- is that relevant?
SBSSetup.log
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Question by:DocInCO
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Expert Comment

by:Cliff Galiher
ID: 38402818
Don't change the time. I'd it is off by an hour, this would usually indicate a timezone error. Changing the time instead of the timezone will cause domain join errors as the server will see the time discrepancy and believe it is an attempted replay/man-in-the-middle attack.

You must still run the migration prep wizard, and make sure the timezone is right in your answer file.
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Author Comment

by:DocInCO
ID: 38402826
The timezone was correct but the time was off by an hour.  Will give a try without correcting the time.
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Author Comment

by:DocInCO
ID: 38403235
Despite leaving the default time and timezone settings (It correctly identifies that I am in MST with daylight savings in effect, but incorrectly runs one hour behind the sytem time on the destinationg server which is the correct time) I am still given the following migration issue by the wizard:

"The schema level of the existing source server is not updated. You must update the schema level on the Source Server. For instructions see 'Run the Migration Preparation Tool' in the migration guide."

As I mentioned above, I have run the migration preparation tool already but it was after the first attempt at installation - per the instructions on page 9 of the guide it states in the note that "These tasks apply only if you are migrating to Windows SBS 2008 from Windows 2003". I am migrating from SBS 2008 to SBS 2008 so I skipped this section on the first attempt.

Post installation error log is the same - "FATAL: DcPromo_JoinDomain: The server was not promoted to a domain controller."

So it doesn't appear to be time settings.  Other fixes?

FYI- The migration admin account I am using does have the domain admin, enterprise admin and schema admin permissions.
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Author Comment

by:DocInCO
ID: 38405671
Is the SBSsetup log above any help?  I am still looking for the reason that the new machine is unable to join the existing domain to complete migration.
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LVL 60

Expert Comment

by:Cliff Galiher
ID: 38406125
The time. Ring an hour off is usually significant. This tells me the timezone is wrong, the BIOS is wrong, or some,thing else is getting into the mix, is this machine physical or virtual? Have you checked the timezone of the source server?
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Author Comment

by:DocInCO
ID: 38411436
I am really grateful for your help and appreciate your suggestion regarding the time settings but I have now tried multiple times to migrate/setup with particular attention to confirming that the time settings are correct and agree with the settings on the source server and the answer file but I am getting the exact same error every time.  Do you have any other suggestions for what I might try here?

What other options do I have here?  Since SBS 2008 has otherwise completed installation is there a way to manually migrate the domain controller in SBS?  Will the license allow me to do a straight install and rebuild the network from scratch, transfer exchange server and decommission the "source" machine?  Is so, are the guides to do such a thing (I'm particularly concerned about email continuity). Thanks
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LVL 60

Expert Comment

by:Cliff Galiher
ID: 38411493
No, there is no way to bring SBS in after a failure during the AD side of things. Yu can, of course, do a clean install, and manually move users and data, but continuity will be an issue and it is time intensive. Or you can bring in and pay an SBS specialist. Companies like Third Tier (which in full disclosure, I was affiliated with until very recently) or SBSmigration.com (which I have never been affiliated with) both have very experienced SBS experts on staff that can troubleshoot and pinpoint the problem to a level of detail that cannot be done via a volunteer forum...including EE.

In short, too many moving parts, not enough information. I'm sorry I cannot be more precise.
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Author Comment

by:DocInCO
ID: 38412092
I have purchased the swing kit from sbsmigration.com and will let you know how it goes.
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Accepted Solution

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DocInCO earned 0 total points
ID: 38431144
I just wanted to provide an update to others interested in this thread.

I am proceeding with a swing migration so didn't exactly revisit the problem above but did eventually use the answer file and migration mode to do a new install of SBS 2008 from sp 1 media on a dell T610 server.  Because the Dell Unified Server Configuration utility does not support SBS 2008 sp1 it could not be used.  I had to download the RAID controller and NIC drivers to a USB drive and boot from the SBS 2008 sp1 media and then install the drivers from within the windows setup instead of installing the drivers with the dell Unified Server Configuration Utility before OS deployment.  When I did it this way, the 1 hour discrepancy no longer was there during the OS setup.  I believe there was a nationwide change in the use of Daylight Savings Time that occured between the release of the SBS 2008 sp1 media and the release of the Dell Unified Server Configuration Utility that may have caused the discrepancy (just a theory).

Take home point- boot from the media you have and load the drivers (RAID controller and Network adapter downloaded from dell and placed on USB drive in my case) manually during windows setup instead of using the Dell utility.
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Author Closing Comment

by:DocInCO
ID: 38446942
The key was booting directly from media and not using the manufacturer provided server setup utility.  This required downloading individual drivers for network adapter and RAID controller and providing them when needed within the windows small business server 2008 setup process.  It resolved the observed changes to an incorrect system time.  The experts did identify that the time was the issue but did not identify the solution.
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