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reading xlsx


import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.PrintStream;

import javax.xml.parsers.ParserConfigurationException;
import javax.xml.parsers.SAXParser;
import javax.xml.parsers.SAXParserFactory;

import org.apache.poi.openxml4j.exceptions.OpenXML4JException;
import org.apache.poi.openxml4j.opc.OPCPackage;
import org.apache.poi.openxml4j.opc.PackageAccess;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.BuiltinFormats;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.DataFormatter;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.eventusermodel.ReadOnlySharedStringsTable;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.eventusermodel.XSSFReader;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.model.StylesTable;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFCellStyle;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFRichTextString;
import org.xml.sax.Attributes;
import org.xml.sax.ContentHandler;
import org.xml.sax.InputSource;
import org.xml.sax.SAXException;
import org.xml.sax.XMLReader;
import org.xml.sax.helpers.DefaultHandler;

/**

 */
public class XLSX2CSV {

    /**
     * The type of the data value is indicated by an attribute on the cell.
     * The value is usually in a "v" element within the cell.
     */
    enum xssfDataType {
        BOOL,
        ERROR,
        FORMULA,
        INLINESTR,
        SSTINDEX,
        NUMBER,
    }

    int countrows = 0;

    /**
     * Derived from http://poi.apache.org/spreadsheet/how-to.html#xssf_sax_api
     * <p/>
     * Also see Standard ECMA-376, 1st edition, part 4, pages 1928ff, at
     * http://www.ecma-international.org/publications/standards/Ecma-376.htm
     * <p/>
     * A web-friendly version is http://openiso.org/Ecma/376/Part4
     */
    class MyXSSFSheetHandler extends DefaultHandler {

        /**
         * Table with styles
         */
        private StylesTable stylesTable;

        /**
         * Table with unique strings
         */
        private ReadOnlySharedStringsTable sharedStringsTable;

        /**
         * Destination for data
         */
        private final PrintStream output;

        /**
         * Number of columns to read starting with leftmost
         */
        private final int minColumnCount;

        // Set when V start element is seen
        private boolean vIsOpen;

        // Set when cell start element is seen;
        // used when cell close element is seen.
        private xssfDataType nextDataType;

        // Used to format numeric cell values.
        private short formatIndex;
        private String formatString;
        private final DataFormatter formatter;

        private int thisColumn = -1;
        // The last column printed to the output stream
        private int lastColumnNumber = -1;

        // Gathers characters as they are seen.
        private StringBuffer value;

        /**
         * Accepts objects needed while parsing.
         *
         * @param styles  Table of styles
         * @param strings Table of shared strings
         * @param cols    Minimum number of columns to show
         * @param target  Sink for output
         */
        public MyXSSFSheetHandler(
                StylesTable styles,
                ReadOnlySharedStringsTable strings,
                int cols,
                PrintStream target) {
            this.stylesTable = styles;
            this.sharedStringsTable = strings;
            this.minColumnCount = cols;
            this.output = target;
            this.value = new StringBuffer();
            this.nextDataType = xssfDataType.NUMBER;
            this.formatter = new DataFormatter();
        }

        /*
        * (non-Javadoc)
        * @see org.xml.sax.helpers.DefaultHandler#startElement(java.lang.String, java.lang.String, java.lang.String, org.xml.sax.Attributes)
        */
        public void startElement(String uri, String localName, String name,
                                 Attributes attributes) throws SAXException {

            if ("inlineStr".equals(name) || "v".equals(name)) {
                vIsOpen = true;
                // Clear contents cache
                value.setLength(0);
            }
            // c => cell
            else if ("c".equals(name)) {
                // Get the cell reference
                String r = attributes.getValue("r");
                int firstDigit = -1;
                for (int c = 0; c < r.length(); ++c) {
                    if (Character.isDigit(r.charAt(c))) {
                        firstDigit = c;
                        break;
                    }
                }
                thisColumn = nameToColumn(r.substring(0, firstDigit));

                // Set up defaults.
                this.nextDataType = xssfDataType.NUMBER;
                this.formatIndex = -1;
                this.formatString = null;
                String cellType = attributes.getValue("t");
                String cellStyleStr = attributes.getValue("s");
                if ("b".equals(cellType))
                    nextDataType = xssfDataType.BOOL;
                else if ("e".equals(cellType))
                    nextDataType = xssfDataType.ERROR;
                else if ("inlineStr".equals(cellType))
                    nextDataType = xssfDataType.INLINESTR;
                else if ("s".equals(cellType))
                    nextDataType = xssfDataType.SSTINDEX;
                else if ("str".equals(cellType))
                    nextDataType = xssfDataType.FORMULA;
                else if (cellStyleStr != null) {
                    // It's a number, but almost certainly one
                    //  with a special style or format
                    int styleIndex = Integer.parseInt(cellStyleStr);
                    XSSFCellStyle style = stylesTable.getStyleAt(styleIndex);
                    this.formatIndex = style.getDataFormat();
                    this.formatString = style.getDataFormatString();
                    if (this.formatString == null)
                        this.formatString = BuiltinFormats.getBuiltinFormat(this.formatIndex);
                }
            }

        }

        /*
        * (non-Javadoc)
        * @see org.xml.sax.helpers.DefaultHandler#endElement(java.lang.String, java.lang.String, java.lang.String)
        */
        public void endElement(String uri, String localName, String name)
                throws SAXException {

            String thisStr = null;

            // v => contents of a cell
            if ("v".equals(name)) {
                // Process the value contents as required.
                // Do now, as characters() may be called more than once
                switch (nextDataType) {

                    case BOOL:
                        char first = value.charAt(0);
                        thisStr = first == '0' ? "FALSE" : "TRUE";
                        break;

                    case ERROR:
                        thisStr = "\"ERROR:" + value.toString() + '"';
                        break;

                    case FORMULA:
                        // A formula could result in a string value,
                        // so always add double-quote characters.
                        thisStr = '"' + value.toString() + '"';
                        break;

                    case INLINESTR:
                        // TODO: have seen an example of this, so it's untested.
                        XSSFRichTextString rtsi = new XSSFRichTextString(value.toString());
                        thisStr = '"' + rtsi.toString() + '"';
                        break;

                    case SSTINDEX:
                        String sstIndex = value.toString();
                        try {
                            int idx = Integer.parseInt(sstIndex);
                            XSSFRichTextString rtss = new XSSFRichTextString(sharedStringsTable.getEntryAt(idx));
                            thisStr = '"' + rtss.toString() + '"';
                        } catch (NumberFormatException ex) {
                            output.println("Failed to parse SST index '" + sstIndex + "': " + ex.toString());
                        }
                        break;

                    case NUMBER:
                        String n = value.toString();
                        if (this.formatString != null)
                            thisStr = formatter.formatRawCellContents(Double.parseDouble(n), this.formatIndex, this.formatString);
                        else
                            thisStr = n;
                        break;

                    default:
                        thisStr = "(TODO: Unexpected type: " + nextDataType + ")";
                        break;
                }

                // Output after we've seen the string contents
                // Emit commas for any fields that were missing on this row
                if (lastColumnNumber == -1) {
                    lastColumnNumber = 0;
                }
                for (int i = lastColumnNumber; i < thisColumn; ++i)
                    output.print(',');

                // Might be the empty string.
                output.print(thisStr);

                // Update column
                if (thisColumn > -1)
                    lastColumnNumber = thisColumn;

            } else if ("row".equals(name)) {

                // Print out any missing commas if needed
                if (minColumns > 0) {
                    // Columns are 0 based
                    if (lastColumnNumber == -1) {
                        lastColumnNumber = 0;
                    }
                    for (int i = lastColumnNumber; i < (this.minColumnCount); i++) {
                        output.print(',');
                    }
                }

                // We're onto a new row

                output.println();
                output.println(countrows++);
                lastColumnNumber = -1;

            }

        }

        /**
         * Captures characters only if a suitable element is open.
         * Originally was just "v"; extended for inlineStr also.
         */
        public void characters(char[] ch, int start, int length)
                throws SAXException {
            if (vIsOpen)
                value.append(ch, start, length);
        }

        /**
         * Converts an Excel column name like "C" to a zero-based index.
         *
         * @param name
         * @return Index corresponding to the specified name
         */
        private int nameToColumn(String name) {
            int column = -1;
            for (int i = 0; i < name.length(); ++i) {
                int c = name.charAt(i);
                column = (column + 1) * 26 + c - 'A';
            }
            return column;
        }

    }

    ///////////////////////////////////////

    private OPCPackage xlsxPackage;
    private int minColumns;
    private PrintStream output;

    /**
     * Creates a new XLSX -> CSV converter
     *
     * @param pkg        The XLSX package to process
     * @param output     The PrintStream to output the CSV to
     * @param minColumns The minimum number of columns to output, or -1 for no minimum
     */
    public XLSX2CSV(OPCPackage pkg, PrintStream output, int minColumns) {
        this.xlsxPackage = pkg;
        this.output = output;
        this.minColumns = minColumns;
    }

    /**
     * Parses and shows the content of one sheet
     * using the specified styles and shared-strings tables.
     *
     * @param styles
     * @param strings
     * @param sheetInputStream
     */
    public void processSheet(
            StylesTable styles,
            ReadOnlySharedStringsTable strings,
            InputStream sheetInputStream)
            throws IOException, ParserConfigurationException, SAXException {

        InputSource sheetSource = new InputSource(sheetInputStream);
        SAXParserFactory saxFactory = SAXParserFactory.newInstance();
        SAXParser saxParser = saxFactory.newSAXParser();
        XMLReader sheetParser = saxParser.getXMLReader();
        ContentHandler handler = new MyXSSFSheetHandler(styles, strings, this.minColumns, this.output);
        sheetParser.setContentHandler(handler);
        sheetParser.parse(sheetSource);
    }

    /**
     * Initiates the processing of the XLS workbook file to CSV.
     *
     * @throws IOException
     * @throws OpenXML4JException
     * @throws ParserConfigurationException
     * @throws SAXException
     */
    public void process()
            throws IOException, OpenXML4JException, ParserConfigurationException, SAXException {

        ReadOnlySharedStringsTable strings = new ReadOnlySharedStringsTable(this.xlsxPackage);
        XSSFReader xssfReader = new XSSFReader(this.xlsxPackage);

        StylesTable styles = xssfReader.getStylesTable();
        XSSFReader.SheetIterator iter = (XSSFReader.SheetIterator) xssfReader.getSheetsData();
        int index = 0;
        while (iter.hasNext()) {
            InputStream stream = iter.next();
            String sheetName = iter.getSheetName();
            this.output.println();
            this.output.println(sheetName + " [index=" + index + "]:");
            processSheet(styles, strings, stream);
            stream.close();
            ++index;
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        /* if (args.length < 1) {
            System.err.println("Use:");
            System.err.println("  XLSX2CSV <xlsx file> [min columns]");
            return;
        }*/

        //File xlsxFile = new File(args[0]);
        File xlsxFile = new File("cccc.xlsx");
        if (!xlsxFile.exists()) {
            System.err.println("Not found or not a file: " + xlsxFile.getPath());
            return;
        }

        int minColumns = -1;
        //if (args.length >= 2)
        //minColumns = Integer.parseInt(args[1]);

        minColumns = 2;
        // The package open is instantaneous, as it should be.
        OPCPackage p = OPCPackage.open(xlsxFile.getPath(), PackageAccess.READ);
        XLSX2CSV xlsx2csv = new XLSX2CSV(p, System.out, minColumns);
        xlsx2csv.process();
    }

}


I am using above code to read contents of attached cccc.XLSX as below

22,33,44,"aa",6/6/20 15:49,"77-SS_001","DONE"

23,34,45,"aa",6/6/20 15:49,"77-SS_002","NoDONE".


I would like to read only first two columns  as below in to some object
22 33
23 34

 so that i can query database in later steps

How can I achieve it.
Any ideas, suggestions, sample code, links, source code highly appreciated. Thanks in advance
cccc.xlsx
0
gudii9
Asked:
gudii9
  • 2
1 Solution
 
Amitkumar PSr. ConsultantCommented:
I appreciate if you can attach the files containing the code. It's difficult to read the problem and code togather.
0
 
gudii9Author Commented:
Please find the code as attachment.


I have identifiied row index(0,1), as well as column index (0,1)

while(cells.hasNext())

{

XSSFCell cell = (XSSFCell) cells.next();
String Value=null;
if(cell.getCellType() == cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING) {
Value=cell.getStringCellValue();

System.out.println("string values-->"+Value);
}
else if(cell.getCellType() == cell.CELL_TYPE_NUMERIC) {
//int Value2=(Integer) null;
double Value2=cell.getNumericCellValue();
System.out.println("numbercal values--->"+Value2);

int Value3=cell.getColumnIndex();
System.out.println("col index--->"+Value3);
int Value4=cell.getRowIndex();
System.out.println("Row index--->"+Value4);
}

number of rows---->1
numbercal values--->22.0
col index--->0
Row index--->0
numbercal values--->33.0
col index--->1
Row index--->0
numbercal values--->44.0
col index--->2
Row index--->0
string values-->aa
numbercal values--->43988.65908564815
col index--->4
Row index--->0
string values-->77-SS_001
string values-->DONE
numbercal values--->23.0
col index--->0
Row index--->1
numbercal values--->34.0
col index--->1
Row index--->1
numbercal values--->45.0
col index--->2
Row index--->1
string values-->aa
numbercal values--->43988.65908564815
col index--->4
Row index--->1
string values-->77-SS_002
string values-->NoDONE



I need to print

22 33(row index 0 and column index 0.1)
and
23 34(row index 1 and column index 0,1)

I was not sure how to print this kind of 2 dimentional cell value. I could not find corresponding method in API yet. Please advise
XLSX2CSV.java
0
 
Amitkumar PSr. ConsultantCommented:
Here, I'm not eligible for a single point.

If you have identified the fix, then you should ask to close the question. Or you can consult the moderator for the suggestions.
0

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