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PHP Upload Video

Posted on 2012-09-21
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Last Modified: 2012-09-26
I've done a lot of research trying to figure out how to upload wmv, mp4 files and other video and cannot determine if it's possible with PHP without acquiring another product.
If I have to have that ffm, I looked at it and it seems complicated and I don't have a lot of time.  
Please let me know if there is a simple way to do this - I do not need download capabilities, only upload to Windows 2008 R2.
I made several attempts using some code I found (type=video...) etc and it does not work.

Thanks for any help.
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Question by:dcass
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13 Comments
 
LVL 111

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 38421802
You can upload any file of any sort to a server using PHP.  The script contains a teaching example showing how to upload.  It's long and requires careful reading, but it has all the essential moving parts.  Once uploaded, your scripts can produce tags that allow your clients to get access to the files.

<?php // RAY_upload_example.php
error_reporting(E_ALL);


// MANUAL REFERENCE PAGES YOU MUST UNDERSTAND TO UPLOAD FILES
// http://php.net/manual/en/features.file-upload.php
// http://php.net/manual/en/features.file-upload.common-pitfalls.php
// http://php.net/manual/en/function.move-uploaded-file.php
// http://php.net/manual/en/reserved.variables.files.php

// MANUAL PAGES THAT ARE IMPORTANT IF YOU ARE DEALING WITH LARGE FILES
// http://php.net/manual/en/ini.core.php#ini.upload-max-filesize
// http://php.net/manual/en/ini.core.php#ini.post-max-size
// http://php.net/manual/en/info.configuration.php#ini.max-input-time


// PHP 5.1+  SEE http://php.net/manual/en/function.date-default-timezone-set.php
date_default_timezone_set('America/Chicago');

// ESTABLISH THE NAME OF THE 'uploads' DIRECTORY (MUST ALREADY EXIST)
$uploads = 'RAY_junk';

// ESTABLISH THE BIGGEST FILE SIZE WE CAN ACCEPT - ABOUT 8 MB
$max_file_size = '8000000';

// ESTABLISH THE MAXIMUM NUMBER OF FILES WE CAN UPLOAD
$nf = 3;

// ESTABLISH THE KINDS OF FILE EXTENSIONS WE CAN ACCEPT
$file_exts = array
( 'jpg'
, 'gif'
, 'png'
, 'txt'
, 'pdf'
, 'mp3'
)
;

// LIST OF THE ERRORS THAT MAY BE REPORTED IN $_FILES[]["error"] (THERE IS NO #5)
$errors = array
( 0 => "Success!"
, 1 => "The uploaded file exceeds the upload_max_filesize directive in php.ini"
, 2 => "The uploaded file exceeds the MAX_FILE_SIZE directive that was specified in the HTML form"
, 3 => "The uploaded file was only partially uploaded"
, 4 => "No file was uploaded"
, 5 => "UNDEFINED ERROR"
, 6 => "Missing a temporary folder"
, 7 => "Cannot write file to disk"
)
;




// IF THERE IS NOTHING IN $_POST, PUT UP THE FORM FOR INPUT
if (empty($_POST))
{
    ?>
    <h2>Upload <?php echo $nf; ?> file(s)</h2>

    <!--
        SOME THINGS TO NOTE ABOUT THIS FORM...
        ENCTYPE IN THE HTML <FORM> STATEMENT
        MAX_FILE_SIZE MUST PRECEDE THE FILE INPUT FIELD
        INPUT NAME= IN TYPE=FILE DETERMINES THE NAME YOU FIND IN $_FILES ARRAY
        ABSENCE OF ACTION= ATTRIBUTE IN FORM TAG CAUSES POST TO SAME URL
    -->

    <form name="UploadForm" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post">
    <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="<?php echo $max_file_size; ?>" />
    <p>
    Find the file(s) you want to upload and click the "Upload" button below.
    </p>

    <?php // CREATE INPUT STATEMENTS FOR UP TO $n FILE NAMES
    for ($n = 0; $n < $nf; $n++)
    {
        echo "<input name=\"userfile$n\" type=\"file\" size=\"80\" /><br/>\n";
    }
    ?>

    <br/>Check this box <input autocomplete="off" type="checkbox" name="overwrite" /> to <strong>overwrite</strong> existing files.
    <input type="submit" value="Upload" />
    </form>
    <?php
    die();
}
// END OF THE FORM SCRIPT



// WE HAVE GOT SOMETHING IN $_POST - RUN THE ACTION SCRIPT
else
{
    // THERE IS POST DATA - PROCESS IT
    echo "<h2>Results: File Upload</h2>\n";

    // ACTIVATE THIS TO SEE WHAT IS COMING THROUGH
    // echo "<pre>"; var_dump($_FILES); var_dump($_POST); echo "</pre>\n";

    // ITERATE OVER THE CONTENTS OF $_FILES
    foreach ($_FILES as $my_uploaded_file)
    {
        // SKIP OVER EMPTY SPOTS - NOTHING UPLOADED
        $error_code = $my_uploaded_file["error"];
        if ($error_code == 4) continue;

        // SYNTHESIZE THE NEW FILE NAME
        $f_type    = trim(strtolower(end    (explode( '.', basename($my_uploaded_file['name'] )))));
        $f_name    = trim(strtolower(current(explode( '.', basename($my_uploaded_file['name'] )))));
        $my_new_file
        = getcwd()
        . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR
        . $uploads
        . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR
        . $f_name
        . '.'
        . $f_type
        ;
        $my_file
        = $uploads
        . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR
        . $f_name
        . '.'
        . $f_type;

        // OPTIONAL TEST FOR ALLOWABLE EXTENSIONS
        if (!in_array($f_type, $file_exts)) die("Sorry, $f_type files not allowed");

        // IF THERE ARE ERRORS
        if ($error_code != 0)
        {
            $error_message = $errors[$error_code];
            die("Sorry, Upload Error Code: $error_code: $error_message");
        }

        // GET THE FILE SIZE
        $file_size = number_format($my_uploaded_file["size"]);

        // IF THE FILE IS NEW (DOES NOT EXIST)
        if (!file_exists($my_new_file))
        {
            // IF THE MOVE FUNCTION WORKED CORRECTLY
            if (move_uploaded_file($my_uploaded_file['tmp_name'], $my_new_file))
            {
                $upload_success = 1;
            }
            // IF THE MOVE FUNCTION FAILED
            else
            {
                $upload_success = -1;
            }
        }

        // IF THE FILE ALREADY EXISTS
        else
        {
            echo "<br/><b><i>$my_file</i></b> already exists.\n";

            // SHOULD WE OVERWRITE THE FILE? IF NOT
            if (empty($_POST["overwrite"]))
            {
                $upload_success = 0;
            }
            // IF WE SHOULD OVERWRITE THE FILE, TRY TO MAKE A BACKUP
            else
            {
                $now    = date('Y-m-d');
                $my_bak = $my_new_file . '.' . $now . '.bak';
                if (!copy($my_new_file, $my_bak))
                {
                    echo "<br/><strong>Attempted Backup Failed!</strong>\n";
                }
                if (move_uploaded_file($my_uploaded_file['tmp_name'], $my_new_file))
                {
                    $upload_success = 2;
                }
                else
                {
                    $upload_success = -1;
                }
            }
        }

        // REPORT OUR SUCCESS OR FAILURE
        if ($upload_success == 2) { echo "<br/>It has been overwritten.\n"; }
        if ($upload_success == 1) { echo "<br/><strong>$my_file</strong> has been saved.\n"; }
        if ($upload_success == 0) { echo "<br/><strong>It was NOT overwritten.</strong>\n"; }
        if ($upload_success < 0)  { echo "<br/><strong>ERROR: $my_file NOT SAVED - SEE WARNING FROM move_uploaded_file() COMMAND</strong>\n"; }
        if ($upload_success > 0)
        {
            echo "$file_size bytes uploaded.\n";
            if (!chmod ($my_new_file, 0755))
            {
                echo "<br/>chmod(0755) FAILED: fileperms() = ";
                echo substr(sprintf('%o', fileperms($my_new_file)), -4);
            }
            echo "<br/><a target=\"_blank\" href=\"$my_file\">See the file $my_file</a>\n";
        }
    // END FOREACH ITERATOR - EACH ITERATION PROCESSES ONE FILE
    }
}

Open in new window

HTH, ~Ray
0
 

Author Comment

by:dcass
ID: 38422373
I took this, changed the few variables I needed (folder, # of uploads) and it ran and ran for at least 20 minutes before I left it (this server has 16 gig of ram) and when I came back it was back to the empty form - it had not uploaded the wmv.
0
 
LVL 111

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 38422423
Did you read the man pages about "dealing with large files?"  We don't know how many or what size files you are testing with, so we can only guess, but it may be that your file set is simply too big to be practical as an HTTP upload.  If that's the case, you might want to consider using FTP.  It's a better protocol for large files.
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Author Comment

by:dcass
ID: 38423248
It was tiny - just a test with four slides on a power point converted to a wmv - and I added wmv as an optoin.
0
 
LVL 111

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 38424032
What does "tiny" mean?  What is the file size?  What is the bandwidth of your connection to the internet and your server's connection to the internet.  Any chance your site is hosted on a shared server (which implies shared problems with your accidental colleagues on the same platform)?  The stony silence of 20 minutes sounds like some kind of communication error.  I would raise that issue with your hosting company.

Here is the current version of that script on my server (note line 37).  You might want to try uploading something to my server to see if the effect is the same, or if the upload succeeds.
http://www.laprbass.com/RAY_upload_example.php

<?php // RAY_upload_example.php
error_reporting(E_ALL);


// MANUAL REFERENCE PAGES YOU MUST UNDERSTAND TO UPLOAD FILES
// http://php.net/manual/en/features.file-upload.php
// http://php.net/manual/en/features.file-upload.common-pitfalls.php
// http://php.net/manual/en/function.move-uploaded-file.php
// http://php.net/manual/en/reserved.variables.files.php

// MANUAL PAGES THAT ARE IMPORTANT IF YOU ARE DEALING WITH LARGE FILES
// http://php.net/manual/en/ini.core.php#ini.upload-max-filesize
// http://php.net/manual/en/ini.core.php#ini.post-max-size
// http://php.net/manual/en/info.configuration.php#ini.max-input-time


// PHP 5.1+  SEE http://php.net/manual/en/function.date-default-timezone-set.php
date_default_timezone_set('America/Chicago');

// ESTABLISH THE NAME OF THE 'uploads' DIRECTORY (MUST ALREADY EXIST)
$uploads = 'RAY_junk';

// ESTABLISH THE BIGGEST FILE SIZE WE CAN ACCEPT - ABOUT 8 MB
$max_file_size = '8000000';

// ESTABLISH THE MAXIMUM NUMBER OF FILES WE CAN UPLOAD
$nf = 3;

// ESTABLISH THE KINDS OF FILE EXTENSIONS WE CAN ACCEPT
$file_exts = array
( 'jpg'
, 'gif'
, 'png'
, 'txt'
, 'pdf'
, 'mp3'
, 'wmv'
)
;

// LIST OF THE ERRORS THAT MAY BE REPORTED IN $_FILES[]["error"] (THERE IS NO #5)
$errors = array
( 0 => "Success!"
, 1 => "The uploaded file exceeds the upload_max_filesize directive in php.ini"
, 2 => "The uploaded file exceeds the MAX_FILE_SIZE directive that was specified in the HTML form"
, 3 => "The uploaded file was only partially uploaded"
, 4 => "No file was uploaded"
, 5 => "UNDEFINED ERROR"
, 6 => "Missing a temporary folder"
, 7 => "Cannot write file to disk"
)
;




// IF THERE IS NOTHING IN $_POST, PUT UP THE FORM FOR INPUT
if (empty($_POST))
{
    ?>
    <h2>Upload <?php echo $nf; ?> file(s)</h2>

    <!--
        SOME THINGS TO NOTE ABOUT THIS FORM...
        ENCTYPE IN THE HTML <FORM> STATEMENT
        MAX_FILE_SIZE MUST PRECEDE THE FILE INPUT FIELD
        INPUT NAME= IN TYPE=FILE DETERMINES THE NAME YOU FIND IN $_FILES ARRAY
        ABSENCE OF ACTION= ATTRIBUTE IN FORM TAG CAUSES POST TO SAME URL
    -->

    <form name="UploadForm" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post">
    <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="<?php echo $max_file_size; ?>" />
    <p>
    Find the file(s) you want to upload and click the "Upload" button below.
    </p>

    <?php // CREATE INPUT STATEMENTS FOR UP TO $n FILE NAMES
    for ($n = 0; $n < $nf; $n++)
    {
        echo "<input name=\"userfile$n\" type=\"file\" size=\"80\" /><br/>\n";
    }
    ?>

    <br/>Check this box <input autocomplete="off" type="checkbox" name="overwrite" /> to <strong>overwrite</strong> existing files.
    <input type="submit" value="Upload" />
    </form>
    <?php
    die();
}
// END OF THE FORM SCRIPT



// WE HAVE GOT SOMETHING IN $_POST - RUN THE ACTION SCRIPT
else
{
    // THERE IS POST DATA - PROCESS IT
    echo "<h2>Results: File Upload</h2>\n";

    // ACTIVATE THIS TO SEE WHAT IS COMING THROUGH
    // echo "<pre>"; var_dump($_FILES); var_dump($_POST); echo "</pre>\n";

    // ITERATE OVER THE CONTENTS OF $_FILES
    foreach ($_FILES as $my_uploaded_file)
    {
        // SKIP OVER EMPTY SPOTS - NOTHING UPLOADED
        $error_code = $my_uploaded_file["error"];
        if ($error_code == 4) continue;

        // SYNTHESIZE THE NEW FILE NAME
        $f_type    = trim(strtolower(end    (explode( '.', basename($my_uploaded_file['name'] )))));
        $f_name    = trim(strtolower(current(explode( '.', basename($my_uploaded_file['name'] )))));
        $my_new_file
        = getcwd()
        . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR
        . $uploads
        . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR
        . $f_name
        . '.'
        . $f_type
        ;
        $my_file
        = $uploads
        . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR
        . $f_name
        . '.'
        . $f_type;

        // OPTIONAL TEST FOR ALLOWABLE EXTENSIONS
        if (!in_array($f_type, $file_exts)) die("Sorry, $f_type files not allowed");

        // IF THERE ARE ERRORS
        if ($error_code != 0)
        {
            $error_message = $errors[$error_code];
            die("Sorry, Upload Error Code: $error_code: $error_message");
        }

        // GET THE FILE SIZE
        $file_size = number_format($my_uploaded_file["size"]);

        // IF THE FILE IS NEW (DOES NOT EXIST)
        if (!file_exists($my_new_file))
        {
            // IF THE MOVE FUNCTION WORKED CORRECTLY
            if (move_uploaded_file($my_uploaded_file['tmp_name'], $my_new_file))
            {
                $upload_success = 1;
            }
            // IF THE MOVE FUNCTION FAILED
            else
            {
                $upload_success = -1;
            }
        }

        // IF THE FILE ALREADY EXISTS
        else
        {
            echo "<br/><b><i>$my_file</i></b> already exists.\n";

            // SHOULD WE OVERWRITE THE FILE? IF NOT
            if (empty($_POST["overwrite"]))
            {
                $upload_success = 0;
            }
            // IF WE SHOULD OVERWRITE THE FILE, TRY TO MAKE A BACKUP
            else
            {
                $now    = date('Y-m-d');
                $my_bak = $my_new_file . '.' . $now . '.bak';
                if (!copy($my_new_file, $my_bak))
                {
                    echo "<br/><strong>Attempted Backup Failed!</strong>\n";
                }
                if (move_uploaded_file($my_uploaded_file['tmp_name'], $my_new_file))
                {
                    $upload_success = 2;
                }
                else
                {
                    $upload_success = -1;
                }
            }
        }

        // REPORT OUR SUCCESS OR FAILURE
        if ($upload_success == 2) { echo "<br/>It has been overwritten.\n"; }
        if ($upload_success == 1) { echo "<br/><strong>$my_file</strong> has been saved.\n"; }
        if ($upload_success == 0) { echo "<br/><strong>It was NOT overwritten.</strong>\n"; }
        if ($upload_success < 0)  { echo "<br/><strong>ERROR: $my_file NOT SAVED - SEE WARNING FROM move_uploaded_file() COMMAND</strong>\n"; }
        if ($upload_success > 0)
        {
            echo "$file_size bytes uploaded.\n";
            if (!chmod ($my_new_file, 0755))
            {
                echo "<br/>chmod(0755) FAILED: fileperms() = ";
                echo substr(sprintf('%o', fileperms($my_new_file)), -4);
            }
            echo "<br/><a target=\"_blank\" href=\"$my_file\">See the file $my_file</a>\n";
        }
    // END FOREACH ITERATOR - EACH ITERATION PROCESSES ONE FILE
    }
}

Open in new window

0
 

Author Comment

by:dcass
ID: 38425308
The file is 20mb. I used your new code & updated the upload folder.

The bandwidth is the fastest that Charter offers (30MBPS).

It's not a shared server, it is mine alone, hosted at a co-lo - more bandwidth than I would ever need.

The first time I run it, it comes right back to the form - no error, no upload.
Then, it increasingly takes longer and longer to come back, but the same every time - no error, no upload, just to an empty form.

The folder has the same security set that every other folder that I upload to.

There is something else going on here, as all my other PHP uploads work to the same folder on the same server.

It is a Windows 2008 R2 web server.

It works great for jpg's.

What else could it be?  I'm missing something here.
0
 
LVL 111

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 38425329
Did you try the upload on my server?
0
 

Author Comment

by:dcass
ID: 38438534
Yours said it was too large, so I adjusted mine to allow for the size.
Now I am getting :
0x80004005 "HTTP Error 500.0 - Internal Server Error"
which I looked up and it says it's a permissions error.
One post says that it may be the temp folder it's using, but how do I find which temp folder?
What permissions does it need?

I can upload any type of image with this PHP without any errors, but just not the wmv.
0
 
LVL 111

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 38438566
Have you tried a very small WMV file?  I'd like to get past the issue of the file type.  I believe that the problem is related to file size, and possibly related to the allowable space for the upload temporary storage.  Not sure, but that has kind of the "right feel."
0
 

Author Comment

by:dcass
ID: 38438691
I tried a much smaller one (4MB) and got:
Sorry, Upload Error Code: 1: The uploaded file exceeds the upload_max_filesize directive in php.ini

Here is the code allowing 20 MB files:
// ESTABLISH THE BIGGEST FILE SIZE WE CAN ACCEPT - ABOUT 8 MB
$max_file_size = '20000000';

So the browser or server must be timing out on the larger ones.
0
 
LVL 111

Accepted Solution

by:
Ray Paseur earned 2000 total points
ID: 38438704
Right, there are (at least) two places you have to get the file size right.  In my script, there is the $max_file_size variable.  The other places are described on these man pages:
http://php.net/manual/en/ini.core.php#ini.upload-max-filesize
http://php.net/manual/en/ini.core.php#ini.post-max-size
http://php.net/manual/en/info.configuration.php#ini.max-input-time
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:dcass
ID: 38438817
Wish I could give you an A++ for your effort!
0
 
LVL 111

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 38438830
Thanks for the points -- I hope this helped get you toward a workable solution, ~Ray
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