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SQL JOIN syntax

Posted on 2012-12-25
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Last Modified: 2012-12-25
When doing SQL JOINS is see two different syntax for what seems to be the same thing, one using the JOIN syntax and one not.  See examples.

Code 1
SELECT Address.City, Name.NameFirst
from Address, Name
Where Address.AddressId = Name.AddressId

Code 2
SELECT Address.City, Name.NameFirst
    from Address
    join Name
    on name.addressid = address.addressid

Needless to say there are many variations, but the fundamental difference seems to be using the FROM <table1>, <table2>
versus using JOIN <table2>
Even the variations of Left, Right, inner, outer seem easier managed with the Code 1 concept.

To me same Code 1 seems lots simpler.
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Question by:hconant
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Expert Comment

by:käµfm³d 👽
ID: 38720406
Was there a question in there somewhere?
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by:hconant
ID: 38720408
The question is, when and why would you need to use the JOIN syntax as both styles seem the same.  And is it simply a matter of style?  Just trying to learn best methods.
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Accepted Solution

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pcelba earned 250 total points
ID: 38720413
Code1 and Code2 is identical for INNER JOINs.
The Code1 is older concept and not all SQL dialects allow to specify OUTER JOIN by operator in WHERE clause.

OTOH, Code1 allows CROSS JOIN which is not available in all SQL dialects supporting JOIN clause...

So, use the way which better fits to you and your SQL engine specifications. Everything else is a work for SQL optimization.
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