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select date between startdate and enddate return no row :S

Posted on 2012-12-26
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451 Views
Last Modified: 2013-01-09
i have two table ..
SELECT TOP 1000 [ProgramID]
      ,[ProgramName]
      ,[ProgramStart]
      ,[ProgramEnd]
      ,[ProgramWeekDay]
  FROM [radiomix].[dbo].[MixFmProgram]

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ProgramID	ProgramName	ProgramStart	ProgramEnd	ProgramWeekDay
63	¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿¿	12:00AM	1:00AM	WE
64	¿¿¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿¿ General Music	1:00AM	4:00AM	WE
65	¿¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿ Religious 	4:00AM	4:30AM	WE
66	¿¿¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿¿ General Music	4:30AM	6:00AM	WE
67	¿¿¿¿¿¿	6:00AM	10:00AM	WE
68	¿¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿	10:00AM	11:00AM	WE
69	¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿	11:00AM	1:00PM	WE
70	¿¿¿¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿¿¿	1:00PM	2:00PM	WE
71	¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿	2:00PM	4:00PM	WE

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SELECT TOP 1000 [id]
      ,[datetimein]
      ,[msisdn]
      ,[reqport]
      ,[message]
      ,[DAY]
      ,[ProgramIDM]
  FROM [radiomix].[dbo].[chat]

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id	datetimein	msisdn	reqport	message	DAY	ProgramIDM
381996	2012-12-26 16:25:43.043	966568946632	630590	¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿ ¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿  0568946632	WE	0
381995	2012-12-26 16:24:00.483	966568946632	630590	¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿ ¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿¿ ¿¿¿ ¿¿¿¿¿  0568946632	WE	0

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my query to select the program name :

SELECT a.*
	  ,p.*
	  ,RIGHT(CONVERT(VARCHAR,[datetimein],100),7)
  FROM [radiomix].[dbo].[chat] a
 inner JOIN [radiomix].[dbo].[MixFmProgram] p ON (a.DAY = p.ProgramWeekDay)
   WHERE a.ID = '381963'
 AND RIGHT(CONVERT(VARCHAR,a.datetimein,100),7) > p.ProgramStart 
  and RIGHT(CONVERT(VARCHAR,a.datetimein,100),7) < p.ProgramEnd

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result no  record :S


why ?? if i remove the restriction..
i get all possibility :


ProgramStart	ProgramEnd	ProgramWeekDay	msgdatetime
12:00AM	1:00AM	WE	 3:58PM
1:00AM	4:00AM	WE	 3:58PM
4:00AM	4:30AM	WE	 3:58PM
4:30AM	6:00AM	WE	 3:58PM
6:00AM	10:00AM	WE	 3:58PM
10:00AM	11:00AM	WE	 3:58PM
11:00AM	1:00PM	WE	 3:58PM
1:00PM	2:00PM	WE	 3:58PM
2:00PM	4:00PM	WE	 3:58PM
4:00PM	6:00PM	WE	 3:58PM
6:00PM	7:00PM	WE	 3:58PM
7:00PM	8:00PM	WE	 3:58PM
8:00PM	9:00PM	WE	 3:58PM
9:00PM	10:00PM	WE	 3:58PM
10:00PM	10:30PM	WE	 3:58PM
10:30PM	12:00AM	WE	 3:58PM

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0
Comment
Question by:afifosh
  • 5
  • 4
10 Comments
 
LVL 8

Expert Comment

by:hpdvs2
ID: 38721149
Is ProgramStart and ProgramEnd just varchars?  Because your comparing Greater / Less than with strings, not dates.


>>>  RIGHT(CONVERT(VARCHAR,a.datetimein,100),7) < p.ProgramEnd  <<<


try this: CAST(...) AS TIME, so this:


SELECT a.*
        ,p.*
        ,RIGHT(CONVERT(VARCHAR,[datetimein],100),7)
  FROM [radiomix].[dbo].[chat] a
 inner JOIN [radiomix].[dbo].[MixFmProgram] p ON (a.DAY = p.ProgramWeekDay)
   WHERE a.ID = '381963'
 AND CAST(RIGHT(CONVERT(VARCHAR,a.datetimein,100),7)) AS TIME > CAST(p.ProgramStart) AS TIME
  and CAST(RIGHT(CONVERT(VARCHAR,a.datetimein,100),7)) AS TIME < CAST(p.ProgramEnd) AS TIME
0
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:afifosh
ID: 38721222
Msg 1035, Level 15, State 10, Line 7
Incorrect syntax near 'CAST', expected 'AS'.
0
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:afifosh
ID: 38721223
the format of programstart and programend is like 1:00Am
and datetimein is a datetime i should get the time only and compare

and i have already have two field in each tables to check weekday !
0
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LVL 75

Expert Comment

by:Anthony Perkins
ID: 38721320
the format of programstart and programend is like 1:00Am
If you treat that as a string then 9:00AM > 11:00AM  or 9:00AM > 2:00PM Is that really what you want?
0
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:afifosh
ID: 38721327
yes i have write this query if we can simplify it .. on convert and like this
the data stored in programstart is varchar type with format 1:00am 2:00pm

and i have a datetimein in another table with type datetime i should take the part time and compare
SELECT top 2 a.id,p.ProgramID,a.ProgramIDM
  FROM [radiomix].[dbo].[chat] a
 inner JOIN [radiomix].[dbo].[MixFmProgram] p ON (a.DAY = p.ProgramWeekDay)
   WHERE 
  CONVERT(varchar,[datetimein], 114) >= convert(varchar, CONVERT(datetime,p.ProgramStart), 114)
and CONVERT(varchar,[datetimein], 114) < convert(varchar, CONVERT(datetime,p.ProgramEnd), 114 )
 order by a.id desc

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0
 
LVL 75

Expert Comment

by:Anthony Perkins
ID: 38721334
If you are just trying to compare times than using a style of 114 should be acceptable for comparisons.
0
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:afifosh
ID: 38721341
if you can tell me how i can convert a varchar 2:00pm to hh:mm:ss 24hr
and same the datetime to a var char hh:mm:ss 24hr
0
 
LVL 75

Accepted Solution

by:
Anthony Perkins earned 500 total points
ID: 38721375
if you can tell me how i can convert a varchar 2:00pm to hh:mm:ss 24hr
You can convert 2:00pm to either time or datetime as follows:
CAST('02:00pm' AS time)
CAST('02:00pm' AS datetime)
0
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:afifosh
ID: 38721382
select  CAST('02:00pm' AS time)
 CAST('02:00pm' AS datetime)

 Msg 102, Level 15, State 1, Line 2
Incorrect syntax near '02:00pm'.
0
 
LVL 75

Expert Comment

by:Anthony Perkins
ID: 38722528
You do realize you are missing a comma, right?  As in:
select  CAST('02:00pm' AS time) ,
 CAST('02:00pm' AS datetime)
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