• Status: Solved
  • Priority: Medium
  • Security: Public
  • Views: 618
  • Last Modified:

MS SQL Server 2008 - Proper syntax for a @Sql par...

Hi and thanks,

I am looking for the proper syntax for this statement:
SET @sql = 'SELECT mpropertynumber, ' + @Valnum + ' from [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN] Join [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS] ON [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS].[mpropertynumber] = [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN].[mpropertynumber] where' + @Valid1

I get error:
Msg 105, Level 15, State 1, Line 1
Unclosed quotation mark after the character string 'TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_'.
Msg 102, Level 15, State 1, Line 1
Incorrect syntax near 'TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_'.


I don't think I am joining correctly?

Help and thanks
0
Amour22015
Asked:
Amour22015
3 Solutions
 
Simone BSenior E-Commerce AnalystCommented:
Your syntax seems to be okay, but when you execute @sql, you will get errors if your variables are incorrect. Particulary in the where clause:

WHERE @Valid1

What is the value for this variable?
0
 
Saurabh BhadauriaCommented:
Can you post your complete code here....


Also check the defined length of @sql variable ....  
make it         Declare @sql   nvarchar(max)




Thanks,
Saurabh
0
 
Jim HornMicrosoft SQL Server Developer, Architect, and AuthorCommented:
You'll also want to do this to eyeball your SQL statement:

PRINT @sql

>where' + @Valid1
Make sure you have a space between WHERE and the expression, as the absense of a space can throw a syntax error.  Same with the SELECT clause.
0
What Kind of Coding Program is Right for You?

There are many ways to learn to code these days. From coding bootcamps like Flatiron School to online courses to totally free beginner resources. The best way to learn to code depends on many factors, but the most important one is you. See what course is best for you.

 
Amour22015Author Commented:
Ok this is the complete code:
USE [MVP_Demo]
GO
/****** Object:  StoredProcedure [dbo].[TEMP_PWC_VALIDATIONSP]    Script Date: 01/04/2013 10:04:31 ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
-- =============================================
-- Author:            
-- Create date: 11/15/2012
-- Description:      Creates a temporary table for Validations
-- =============================================
ALTER PROCEDURE [dbo].[TEMP_PWC_VALIDATIONSP]
AS
BEGIN
IF  EXISTS (SELECT * FROM sys.objects
WHERE object_id = OBJECT_ID(N'[dbo].[TEMP_PWC_VALTEMP]') AND type in (N'U'))
DROP TABLE [dbo].[TEMP_PWC_VALTEMP]

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[TEMP_PWC_VALTEMP]
(
 mpropertynumber varchar(255),
 Valnum varchar(255),
 )

DECLARE @sql nvarchar(4000)
DECLARE @Valnum nvarchar(4000)
DECLARE @Valid1 nvarchar(4000)
DECLARE @Valid2 nvarchar(4000)

DECLARE main_cursor CURSOR FOR
SELECT Valid1, Valid2, Valnum FROM dbo.TEMP_PWC_ValTable
Where CAST(Active as varchar(10)) = '1'
--Where CAST(Valnum as varchar(10)) in ('1', '25')

OPEN main_cursor
SET @sql = ''
SET @Valnum = ''
SET @Valid1 = ''
SET @Valid2 = ''
-- Perform the first fetch.
FETCH NEXT FROM main_cursor
INTO @Valid1, @Valid2, @Valnum


-- Check @@FETCH_STATUS to see if there are any more rows to fetch.
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
BEGIN
      IF @sql = ''
      BEGIN

            IF @Valid2 = ''
                  SET @sql = 'SELECT mpropertynumber, ' + @Valnum + ' from [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN]' Join '[TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS]' ON '[TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS].[mpropertynumber] = [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN].[mpropertynumber] where' + @Valid1
            ELSE
                  SET @sql = 'SELECT mpropertynumber, ' + @Valnum + ' from [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN]' Join '[TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS]' ON '[TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS].[mpropertynumber] = [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN].[mpropertynumber] where ' + @Valid1 + ' and ' + @Valid2
      END
      ELSE
      BEGIN
            IF @Valid2 = ''
                          SET @sql = @sql +' union ' + 'SELECT mpropertynumber, ' + @Valnum + ' from [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN]' Join '[TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS]' ON '[TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS].[mpropertynumber] = [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN].[mpropertynumber] where ' + @Valid1
            ELSE
                    SET @sql = @sql +' union ' + 'SELECT mpropertynumber, ' + @Valnum + ' from [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN]' Join '[TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS]' ON '[TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS].[mpropertynumber] = [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN].[mpropertynumber] where ' + @Valid1 + ' and ' + @Valid2
      END
   

   -- This is executed as long as the previous fetch succeeds.
   FETCH NEXT FROM main_cursor
      INTO @Valid1, @Valid2, @Valnum
     
     
END

CLOSE main_cursor
DEALLOCATE main_cursor

   INSERT [TEMP_PWC_VALTEMP] EXEC sp_executesql @sql
      -- SET NOCOUNT ON added to prevent extra result sets from
      -- interfering with SELECT statements.
      SET NOCOUNT ON;

END


As you can see I am working on the Join section of the @Sql and again this is not correct.

the fields Valid1 and Valid2 are both functions that check table(s) for conditions example:
Valid1:
[TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN].[mclassificationid] = '011'

Valid2:
[TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS].[ExteriorWallCodeCode] Not Between '00' And '72'

What this does is checks the Main table for id to = 011
And
Checks Characteristics for exteriorwallcodecode not between 00 and 72

If both of the conditions are true then a record is added to the Table (ValTemp) using fields: propertyNumbers, and Valnum.


Thanks
0
 
Simone BSenior E-Commerce AnalystCommented:
The keywords JOIN and ON have to be inside the single quotes


ALTER PROCEDURE [dbo].[TEMP_PWC_VALIDATIONSP]
AS
BEGIN
IF  EXISTS (SELECT * FROM sys.objects
WHERE object_id = OBJECT_ID(N'[dbo].[TEMP_PWC_VALTEMP]') AND type in (N'U'))
DROP TABLE [dbo].[TEMP_PWC_VALTEMP]

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[TEMP_PWC_VALTEMP]
(
 mpropertynumber varchar(255),
 Valnum varchar(255),
 )

DECLARE @sql nvarchar(4000)
DECLARE @Valnum nvarchar(4000)
DECLARE @Valid1 nvarchar(4000)
DECLARE @Valid2 nvarchar(4000)

DECLARE main_cursor CURSOR FOR
SELECT Valid1, Valid2, Valnum FROM dbo.TEMP_PWC_ValTable
Where CAST(Active as varchar(10)) = '1'
--Where CAST(Valnum as varchar(10)) in ('1', '25')

OPEN main_cursor
SET @sql = ''
SET @Valnum = ''
SET @Valid1 = ''
SET @Valid2 = ''
-- Perform the first fetch.
FETCH NEXT FROM main_cursor
INTO @Valid1, @Valid2, @Valnum


-- Check @@FETCH_STATUS to see if there are any more rows to fetch.
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
BEGIN
      IF @sql = ''
      BEGIN

            IF @Valid2 = ''
                  SET @sql = 'SELECT mpropertynumber, ' + @Valnum + ' from [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN] Join [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS] ON [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS].[mpropertynumber] = [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN].[mpropertynumber] where' + @Valid1
            ELSE
                  SET @sql = 'SELECT mpropertynumber, ' + @Valnum + ' from [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN] Join [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS] ON [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS].[mpropertynumber] = [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN].[mpropertynumber] where ' + @Valid1 + ' and ' + @Valid2
      END
      ELSE
      BEGIN
            IF @Valid2 = ''
                          SET @sql = @sql +' union ' + 'SELECT mpropertynumber, ' + @Valnum + ' from [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN] Join [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS] ON [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS].[mpropertynumber] = [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN].[mpropertynumber] where ' + @Valid1
            ELSE
                    SET @sql = @sql +' union ' + 'SELECT mpropertynumber, ' + @Valnum + ' from [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN] Join [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS] ON [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_CHARACTERISTICS].[mpropertynumber] = [TEMP_PWC_Report_SP_MAIN].[mpropertynumber] where ' + @Valid1 + ' and ' + @Valid2
      END
   

   -- This is executed as long as the previous fetch succeeds.
   FETCH NEXT FROM main_cursor
      INTO @Valid1, @Valid2, @Valnum
     
     
END

CLOSE main_cursor
DEALLOCATE main_cursor

   INSERT [TEMP_PWC_VALTEMP] EXEC sp_executesql @sql
      -- SET NOCOUNT ON added to prevent extra result sets from
      -- interfering with SELECT statements.
      SET NOCOUNT ON;

END
0
 
Amour22015Author Commented:
It looks like it is working correctly now, (but I have not tested all conditions yet)

I changed it back to the Join and On inside the quotes

Also add the space after the Where (inside the quote)

and changed to max


Thanks
0
 
Amour22015Author Commented:
Great thanks
0
Question has a verified solution.

Are you are experiencing a similar issue? Get a personalized answer when you ask a related question.

Have a better answer? Share it in a comment.

Join & Write a Comment

Featured Post

What Kind of Coding Program is Right for You?

There are many ways to learn to code these days. From coding bootcamps like Flatiron School to online courses to totally free beginner resources. The best way to learn to code depends on many factors, but the most important one is you. See what course is best for you.

Tackle projects and never again get stuck behind a technical roadblock.
Join Now