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How to get the id that came BEFORE the provided id

Posted on 2013-01-08
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Last Modified: 2013-01-08
Hi,
I have some code that supplies an $id and an $account_id for a record in a table

I need to be able to query using those what the PREVIOUS id is that is associated with that account_id.

So in other words, what was the last id for a record that was created before the one that is provided under that account _id.

Its not simply one less than the current id (LIMIT 1, 1) because there may be others in between that are associated to other accounts.

Make any sense?
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Question by:tjyoung
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7 Comments
 
LVL 143

Expert Comment

by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
ID: 38754207
in short:
select max(id) from yourtable where account_id = xxx and id < yyy
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LVL 110

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 38754349
It might make more sense if we could see the CREATE TABLE statements.  I think angelIII has a right answer, but without seeing the important details it's not clear what columns are AUTO_INCREMENT, etc.  Please see http://sscce.org

My guess might be:

SELECT id, account_id FROM myTable WHERE account_id='$id' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 2

Then use MySQL_Data_Seek($resource,1)
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LVL 1

Author Comment

by:tjyoung
ID: 38754402
Hi, giving it a try now. The id is auto increment so I'll check that solution. Seems to make sense. max($id) must grab the highest $id available that is less than the supplied.
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LVL 1

Author Comment

by:tjyoung
ID: 38754464
HI, this is the query I'm using. It works but it returns the lowest available id for some reason instead of the next highest below the current id:

$result = mysql_query("SELECT id, MAX(id) FROM contests WHERE account_id = '$account_id' AND id < '$contest_id' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 1");

Screenshot of table is attached...

I'm passing $contest_id = 317 and get back 314 (any number I pass gets back 314)
screen.jpg
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LVL 143

Expert Comment

by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
ID: 38754642
please remove ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 1 from the subquery ....
as you use MAX() the LIMIT will "kill" that part.
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LVL 143

Accepted Solution

by:
Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3] earned 500 total points
ID: 38754654
in clear:
$result = mysql_query("SELECT c.* FROM contests c
WHERE c.account_id = '$account_id' AND id = ( select max(t.id) from contests t where t.account_id = '$account_id' and t.id < '$contest_id' ) "); 

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LVL 1

Author Closing Comment

by:tjyoung
ID: 38755440
I don't really understand it yet.. but works great.
Thanks!
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