FIPS Compliance

Posted on 2013-01-11
Last Modified: 2013-01-14
We need to encrypt sensitive data in our database for our internal Web Application written in VS 2010 C# and using a MS SQL Server 2005 database.

I created a DLL to handle the encryption function.  Here is the code:

        public string Encrypt(string toEncrypt, bool useHashing, string key)
            // If string is null or whitespace, return toEncrypt
            if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(toEncrypt) || String.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(toEncrypt) || toEncrypt.Equals(DBNull.Value))
                return toEncrypt;

            // Strip blanks from end of string
            toEncrypt = toEncrypt.Trim();
            byte[] keyArray;
            byte[] toEncryptArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(toEncrypt);

            System.Configuration.AppSettingsReader settingsReader = new AppSettingsReader();
            if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(key))
                // Get the key from config file
                key = (string)settingsReader.GetValue("SecurityKey", typeof(String));
            if (useHashing)
                MD5CryptoServiceProvider hashmd5 = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider();
                keyArray = hashmd5.ComputeHash(UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key));
                keyArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);

            TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tdes = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();
            tdes.Key = keyArray;
            tdes.Mode = CipherMode.ECB;
            tdes.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;

            ICryptoTransform cTransform = tdes.CreateEncryptor();
            byte[] resultArray = cTransform.TransformFinalBlock(toEncryptArray, 0, toEncryptArray.Length);
            return Convert.ToBase64String(resultArray, 0, resultArray.Length);

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I integrated the DLL into my web application and it works fine on our testing server.  However when I deployed to our Production server I get the following error:

This implementation is not part of the Windows Platform FIPS validated cryptographic algorithms.  I researched the error and tried the following to resolve it but have not been successful.

1. Verified "Local Security Setting System Cryptography. Use FIPs compliant algorithms for encryption, hashing, and signing" policy is disabled on our Production server.

2. Verified the registry key for fipsalgorithmpolicy is set to 0.

3. Added <machinekey validationKey="AutoGenerate,IsolateApps" decryptionKey="AutoGenerate,IsolateApps" validation="3DES" decryption="3DES" /> to web.config file under <system.web>.  Restarted IIS.

4. Added <enforceFIPSPolicy enable="false" /> in web.config under <configuration><runtime>.

We are trying to see if the FIPs setting is at the GPO or Domain Controller level and overriding my settings but haven't heard back from our server department yet.

Is there something else I can do or how can I make my algorithm FIPS compliant?
Question by:dyarosh
LVL 61

Accepted Solution

btan earned 500 total points
Comment Utility
i dont suggest that you disable FIPS esp this is production server. It will be worst off since MD5 is  weaker algorithm compared to SHA1 for hashing  - use SHA1CryptoServiceProvider Class instead

Since you already used TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider that is fine and better will be for  AesCryptoServiceProvider (.net3.5 above) Class. But try the SHA1 first :)

This is one good link

Author Closing Comment

Comment Utility
This solved the problem of being able to use Hashing but I have another question that I will be posting.  Thanks for your help.

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