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if string is there then do nothing

I am trying to create an if statement that searches for the string and if its there don't do anything my script is still writing into the file I want it to not write if the string is there and if its not there then write the string into the file this is what I have.


if grep -q "string" /etc/syslog.conf
then
sed -i -e '/^authpriv.info/ a\
authpriv.none\t\t\t\t\t\t\t/var/log/secure' /etc/syslog.conf
else
     if grep -q "string" /etc/syslog.conf
     then
     echo "authprive.none exists"

     fi
fi
0
atom_jelly
Asked:
atom_jelly
6 Solutions
 
woolmilkporcCommented:
Use

if ! grep ...

in the first line.
0
 
amitnepalCommented:
grep -q "string" /etc/syslog.conf
if [ $? -eq 0 ];then
      sed -i -e '/^authpriv.info/ a\
      authpriv.none\t\t\t\t\t\t\t/var/log/secure' /etc/syslog.conf
else
      grep -q "string" /etc/syslog.conf
      if [ $? -eq 0 ];then
            echo "authpriv.none exists"
      fi
fi
0
 
Gerwin Jansen, EE MVETopic Advisor Commented:
You could try writing your script in 'pseudo' code first and then replace 'pseudo' code with real code. Like this:

if 'string is not there'
then 'do nothing'
else 'write string to file'

would translate into:

if ! grep -q "string" /etc/syslog.conf
then
  echo "authprive.none exists"
else
  sed -i -e '/^authpriv.info/ a\
  authpriv.none\t\t\t\t\t\t\t/var/log/secure' /etc/syslog.conf
fi
0
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ahoffmannCommented:
grep -q 'string' || echo writing into the > file
0
 
Gerwin Jansen, EE MVETopic Advisor Commented:
@ahoffmann:
grep -q 'string' somefile || echo writing into the > file
0
 
ahoffmannCommented:
(only if you want it to be completed in measurable time :-)
thanks
0
 
atom_jellyAuthor Commented:
Thank you all.
0

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