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replace <input> in string

Posted on 2013-01-13
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Last Modified: 2013-01-16
Hello,
I have a string:
Here is <input style="width: 100px; height: 22px;" type="text" /> and <input style="width: 100px; height: 22px;" type="text" /> and <input style="width: 100px; height: 22px;" type="text" />.

I would like to replace <input /> with following items: "house; car; ship"
The result should be:
Here is house and car and ship.

How is best to do this?
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Question by:johnkainn
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6 Comments
 
LVL 75

Expert Comment

by:käµfm³d 👽
ID: 38772224
You could do:

string template = "Here is <input style=\"width: 100px; height: 22px;\" type=\"text\" /> and <input style=\"width: 100px; height: 22px;\" type=\"text\" /> and <input style=\"width: 100px; height: 22px;\" type=\"text\" />.";
string placeholder = "<input style=\"width: 100px; height: 22px;\" type=\"text\" />";
string items = "house; car; ship";
string[] replacements = items.Split(';');
string result = template;
int index = result.IndexOf(placeholder);
int currentReplace = 0;
            
while (index >= 0)
{
    result = result.Substring(0, index) + replacements[currentReplace].Trim() + result.Substring(index + placeholder.Length);

    index = result.IndexOf(placeholder);
    currentReplace++;
}

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LVL 75

Expert Comment

by:käµfm³d 👽
ID: 38772233
Or slightly more elaborate:

using System.Text.RegularExpressions;

...

string template = "Here is <input style=\"width: 100px; height: 22px;\" type=\"text\" /> and <input style=\"width: 100px; height: 22px;\" type=\"text\" /> and <input style=\"width: 100px; height: 22px;\" type=\"text\" />.";
string placeholder = "<input style=\"width: 100px; height: 22px;\" type=\"text\" />";
string items = "house; car; ship";
string[] replacements = items.Split(';');
int index = 0;

string result = Regex.Replace(template, Regex.Escape(placeholder), delegate(Match m) { return replacements[index++].Trim(); });

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LVL 75

Expert Comment

by:käµfm³d 👽
ID: 38772240
Do note that in either of the above, it is assumed that the template has the same number of placeholders as the replacement string has values to replace. If these don't match, then you will get an exception.
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Author Comment

by:johnkainn
ID: 38772737
The problem is that the width and height may differ.
Is it not possible to replace all items that start with <input and end with  /> ?
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LVL 75

Accepted Solution

by:
käµfm³d   👽 earned 2000 total points
ID: 38772822
In the 2nd snippet I provided, change line 6 to:

string placeholder = "<input [^>]+/>";

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...and change line 11 to:

string result = Regex.Replace(template, placeholder, delegate(Match m) { return replacements[index++].Trim(); });

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Author Closing Comment

by:johnkainn
ID: 38782528
Thank you very much:-)
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