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Updating a table,what's the best approach to fix it

I have 2 tbls. A & B

In table B, I have the primary key pID and a column for TSN. Both are populated.

In table A, I have some  rows with no pID or TSN values. Also I have some rows with pID but no TSN.

For table A,I think I will not be able to do anything with the ones with no pID or TSN  because there will not be a link,(if there is a way,let me know) but I will be able to get the pID for those with TSN.

In table A, I added a column to tag it as "Yes" if an update occurs.

What is the best approach to update it?

Is it better to do it in VB.net by looping to each record and update one row at a time or do it straight to the backend and do a mass update thru an Update statement?
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zachvaldez
Asked:
zachvaldez
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2 Solutions
 
Chris LuttrellSenior Database ArchitectCommented:
This will update those that match and set your flag, very fast and efficient.
UPDATE A
SET TSN = B.TSN, TagColumn = 'Yes'
FROM A
INNER JOIN B ON A.pID = B.pID

Open in new window

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zachvaldezAuthor Commented:
If I set the tagcolumn as bit data type, can I put "Y"?
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Chris LuttrellSenior Database ArchitectCommented:
A BIT data type can only be 0 or 1 ( or NULL, yuck) not anything else.  Many programs, like Excel, will automatically convert BIT to Y/N, but you do not store the "Y".
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Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]Billing EngineerCommented:
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zachvaldezAuthor Commented:
UPDATE A
SET TSN = B.TSN, TagColumn = 'Yes'
FROM A
INNER JOIN B ON A.pID = B.pID
and REW=2 >> 'IS THIS ADDITION LINE CORRECT
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zachvaldezAuthor Commented:
SHOULD i USE AND OR WHERE IN LAST LINE?
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Chris LuttrellSenior Database ArchitectCommented:
Logically I would use WHERE, but actually in the case of an INNER JOIN it works the same either way, an OUTER JOIN would make a big difference.
IF REW is in both tables make sure you add the Table prefix.
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zachvaldezAuthor Commented:
It is only on one table.
Im kind confuse a bit using INNER JOINS compared to TSQL which is Im used to because in TSQL
after the WHERE clause, all additional lines precedes with 'AND' is used.
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Chris LuttrellSenior Database ArchitectCommented:
That is all TSQL just joining 2 tables.  Try this select to see what it is doing, it will show you it is matching on the pID column and showing the TSN from both tables.
SELECT A.pID, A.TSN, B.TSN, TagColumn = 'Yes'
FROM A
INNER JOIN B ON A.pID = B.pID
WHERE A.TSN IS NULL
AND B.TSN IS NOT NULL
AND REW=2

Open in new window

I did forget on piece on your update, I added to the WHERE to only update if TSN is NULL in A and NOT NULL in B so you do not set the flag unless it is really changing the TSN value.
UPDATE A
SET TSN = B.TSN, TagColumn = 'Yes'
FROM A
INNER JOIN B ON A.pID = B.pID
WHERE A.TSN IS NULL
AND B.TSN IS NOT NULL
AND REW=2

Open in new window

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