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Server running low on memory?

Posted on 2013-01-19
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Last Modified: 2013-03-23
Running Windows 2008 Server SP1 64bit on a VM. The guest has 4GB RAM installed.

If I look at Task Manager, it tells me approx 3.5 GB physical memory is being used.

I launched Perfmon and checked the following two counters (figures in brackets for average:

i. Commited Bytes : 2.5 GB
ii. Pages Output/Sec: 0
iii. Available Mbytes: 420

I'm confused :)

According to the above, I'm not paging as the Commited Bytes is less than the available RAM. Pages Output/sec confirms this.

But then why do I only have 400MB RAM spare? Shouldn't this be much more?

To add to this confusion, Task Manager says I have:
 
Total: 4094
 
Cached: 2935
 
Free: 80


Could someone confirm the best counter to use to see whether I really am running low on memory?

Was reading http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2160852
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Question by:neil4933
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Frosty555 earned 500 total points
ID: 38797646
I tend to use Resource Monitor for a simpler representative picture of how the memory is actually being utilized (Start->Run->Resmon, or go to task manager->Performance->Resource Monitor).

Windows Vista and up (including Server 2008) will intentionally allocate as much memory as possible, leaving only a few megabytes officially "free", but this memory is just in standby waiting for an application to request it. In Resource Monitor you will see more information about how much memory is actually in use, and how much is in standby.

Example image from my own system right now:

 resource monitor
In that example, my system has 2818MB of free memory, not 98MB as you might be lead to believe in Task Manager.
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by:neil4933
ID: 38798265
Thanks Frosty

Using my example, do you know why Commited bytes is 2.5gb but the Available Mbytes is 0.5 gb? I'm unsure which counter is best for memory usage calculation? Why the difference?

Also, if Pages output/sec is 0, does that indicate I am not paging?
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