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Need help get rid of SPAM

Posted on 2013-01-21
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Last Modified: 2013-01-23
Dear Everyone,

I am operating an Exchange 2003 environment. Recently I experiencing a bigger spam attack.

I have heard that if I apply a Spoof record in the DNS setting or perform reverse dns using Exchange server it would reduce the SPAM attack.

Do I need to register a Spoof record or do I need to perform reverse DNS on incoming mail with server?
What do you think?
Any other suggestions would be appreciatted.
P.S.: The server is using the newest NOD32 for Exchange for Antispam and etc...
 
Thanks
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Question by:agriboy1980
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Alan Hardisty earned 500 total points
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The solution will depend on the type of attack you had.  What did you see happening?

Did you see lots of messages from Administrator going out to random addresses or did you see lots of messages from random external domain names to random external people?

Either way - have a read of my article and see if anything helps you:

http://www.experts-exchange.com/Software/Server_Software/Email_Servers/Exchange/A_2556-Why-are-my-outbound-queues-filling-up-with-mail-I-didn't-send.html

Also my other article about getting rid of spam in Exchange 2003 without 3rd party tools:

http://www.experts-exchange.com/Software/Server_Software/Email_Servers/Exchange/A_2527-How-to-prevent-Spoofed-Emails-in-Exchange-2003.html

Alan
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Author Comment

by:agriboy1980
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Dear Alan,

I have configured the Filtering at Message Delivery propreties.

Do I need to restart any services for the modification to take effect?

Thanks
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by:Alan Hardisty
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Restart the SMTP Service (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Service) to make sure the changes are put into place immediately.
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Author Comment

by:agriboy1980
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Ok.
By the way:
Do you know anything about this so called spoof record?

Thanks.
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LVL 76

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by:Alan Hardisty
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If you mean an SPF record, then yes.  Visit http://www.microsoft.com/mscorp/safety/content/technologies/senderid/wizard/ and run through the screens.

Alan
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Author Comment

by:agriboy1980
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Hi,


domain.com.      TXT      "v=spf1 a mx ip4:111.111.111.111 ~all"

If I have a TXT record in my DNS already (mentioned above) how can I check that is functioning properly?
In the provided link  http://www.microsoft.com/mscorp/safety/content/technologies/senderid/wizard/
there are some questions I cannot answer for sure, I am just guessing. Is there a detailed explanation for that?
Thanks in advance.
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by:Alan Hardisty
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If you visit http://www.kitterman.com/spf/validate.html

Use the test an SPF record and feed it your SPF record exactly as above without the Quote Marks, then tweak the Mail From / Helo / IP Address and test to see what happens in terms of the Result.
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Author Comment

by:agriboy1980
Comment Utility
Hi Alan,

I have configured the TarpitTime key as it was mentioned here: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/842851/en-us

Can't find any information yet regarding what would could be the avarage range of this key VALUE?

Now I have set it to 5, but I don't think it is the good value for it.
Can you help?

thanks
0
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by:Alan Hardisty
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I would set it to something like 30 seconds.  The idea is to slow spammers down, so 30 seconds should make life much harder for them.

60 would be worse for them - depends on how nasty you are feeling :)

Alan
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Author Comment

by:agriboy1980
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Ok. I have set it to 60.
If I am right it means if someone is trying to send SPAMs it will wait 60 seconds on my server before it starts the delivery process.

Why should this "nasty" step make SPAMMers life harder?
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by:Alan Hardisty
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No - the tarpit is a delay inserted into the communication between the remote side and your server to slow down the transmission and to give the spammer a hard time.  Without a delay, they can test out addresses on your server and your server will respond immediately with a response e.g., invalid recipient.  With the tarpit set to 60 seconds, it will wait for 60 seconds before sending the Invalid Recipient response, so that means the spammer has to wait a minute between trying out new recipients, thus slowing down their communications and meaning it takes much longer to get anywhere when trying to abuse your server.

A slightly more extensive definition can be found here:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarpit_(networking)

Alan
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Author Comment

by:agriboy1980
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I've requested that this question be closed as follows:

Accepted answer: 0 points for agriboy1980's comment #a38805343

for the following reason:

Thanks for the detailed help.
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LVL 76

Expert Comment

by:Alan Hardisty
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You seem to be accepting your own comment as the solution here, rather than one of my comments, which would reward me for my efforts.

Could you please have another go at closing by accepting one or more of my comments and the solution, unless you didn't intend to award me any points for helping you.

Objecting to the currently intended closure.

Many thanks

Alan
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Author Comment

by:agriboy1980
Comment Utility
Hi Alan,

Sorry about that, something was wrong with my smartphone, of course you are the one who earned all the points.
By the way before I close this question properly, do you think there is a way to test the appropriate working of this Tarpit solution?

Thanks in advance.
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Assisted Solution

by:Alan Hardisty
Alan Hardisty earned 500 total points
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Not a problem - closing can be confusing.

You can test the tarpitting via remote telnet tests direct to your server from a command prompt.

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/153119

Alan
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Author Closing Comment

by:agriboy1980
Comment Utility
Outstanding solution. Thanks.
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