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Query String to Session

Posted on 2013-01-25
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Last Modified: 2013-01-27
Hi Experts,

I'm not a PHP programmer, but rather a Classic ASP. I was hoping if someone can translate the below simple code in PHP, assuming its also simple in PHP:

If Request.QueryString("pc") <> "" Then
  Session("pCode") = QueryString("pc")
End If

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Basically, if the query string, pc, has a value, copy it to the Session variable, pCode, otherwise don't update pCode.

Thank you.
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Question by:APD Toronto
3 Comments
 
LVL 18

Assisted Solution

by:nap0leon
nap0leon earned 668 total points
ID: 38819492
if ($_GET['pc'] <> ""):
  .$_SESSION['pCode'] = $_GET['pc']
endif;

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0
 
LVL 82

Assisted Solution

by:hielo
hielo earned 664 total points
ID: 38822119
The default behaviour/configuration in php requires you to explicitly initiate the session "engine/mechanism" by first calling "session_start()" (preferable at the very top) on pages where you will be using(reading/setting) session variables - ex:
<?php
sesssion_start();
...
if( isset($_GET['pc']) && ''!=$_GET['pc'] )
{
  $_SESSION['pCode'] = $_GET['pc'];
}
...
?>

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0
 
LVL 111

Accepted Solution

by:
Ray Paseur earned 668 total points
ID: 38822627
Test cases (run in order to see the moving parts).
http://www.laprbass.com/RAY_temp_adp_toronto.php
http://www.laprbass.com/RAY_temp_adp_toronto.php?pc=ABC
http://www.laprbass.com/RAY_temp_adp_toronto.php
http://www.laprbass.com/RAY_temp_adp_toronto.php?pc=XYZ
http://www.laprbass.com/RAY_temp_adp_toronto.php?pc=

While it is possible to configure PHP to auto-start the session, it's rare in my experience to find that configuration option, so I second what hielo says about session_start().

This example shows the use of the PHP ternary operator to achieve the test-and-set behavior that is often used to assign default values.

<?php // RAY_temp_adp_toronto.php
error_reporting(E_ALL);


// YOU ALMOST CERTAINLY HAVE TO RUN THIS STATEMENT TO START THE SESSION HANDLER
session_start();


// USE THE TERNARY OPERATOR TO EVALUATE THE REQUEST AND SET THE SESSION
//       --- EXPRESSION ---            --- IF TRUE ---           --- IF NOT TRUE ---
$pcode = !empty($_GET['pc']) ? $_SESSION['pcode'] = $_GET['pc'] :      FALSE;


// VISUALIZE OUR WORK
if ($pcode)
{
    echo "SESSION UPDATED: ";
    var_dump($_SESSION);
}
else
{
    echo "SESSION NOT CHANGED: ";
    var_dump($_SESSION);
}

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Best to all, ~Ray
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