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ESXI 5.1 patch update failed

Tried to update patch on my esxi 5.1 host using SSH. I downloaded the patch from http://www.vmware.com/patchmgr/findPatch.portal

I first tried ESXi510-201210001.zip but it failed and then tried  ESXi510-201212001.zip also got the same message... see screenshot.. what did I do wrong?

patch
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okamon
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okamon
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2 Solutions
 
rjanowskyCommented:
You have to use the command:

esxcli software vib install -d path-to-patch

Have a look at the cli docs here

You want to install a new patch and don't want to update an installed one.
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okamonAuthor Commented:
it seems it worked! but I still don't understand why it was not an UPDATE?
As I followed this article http://www.tinkertry.com/patchesxi50/ and it seems it's also for the patch. the update was used in the article....
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okamonAuthor Commented:
And now I just tried to do the second Patch ESXi510-201212001.zip
and this time it worked with the "UPDATE" switch -> esxcli software vib update-d path-to-patch  ... WHY?
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rjanowskyCommented:
But if you look at the screenshot in your link, you see that most of the patches were skipped. Only a few vibs were installed. The documentation is quite clear:

software vib update - Update installed VIBs to newer VIB packages. No new VIBs will be installed, only updates.

software vib install - Installs VIB packages from a URL or depot. VIBs may be installed, upgraded, or downgraded.
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rjanowskyCommented:
In the second patch they was really an update package for the tools - see attached screenshot. In the first patch was only the esx base system.

Which build number is your host now running? Build Number: 914609 from ESXi510-201212001 or build number: 838463 from  ESXi510-201210001?
ESXi-patches.png
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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE^2)VMware and Virtualization ConsultantCommented:
it seems to me, that you have the same build number that you are patching?

what is your build number?
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okamonAuthor Commented:
I think the original build was 5.1.0, 7xxxxxxx cannot recall the number after. As it didn't work first with the update switch, I followed rjanowsky and run the install switch and it worked (ESXi510-201210001.zip). I rebooted the esxi host and then run the esxcli command again and this time, I used the update switch for the ESXi510-201212001.zip. It worked and I rebooted again. Now I am on 5.1.0, 9414609
So my question is how do I determine what switch to use, update or install?

And my second question, does the ESXi510-201212001.zip include everything in ESXi510-201210001.zip? can I just run ESXi510-201212001.zip or I have to run ESXi510-201210001.zip first and then  ESXi510-201212001.zip? like what I did here
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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE^2)VMware and Virtualization ConsultantCommented:
update and install do the same thing.

the updates are cumulative, so you only need to use the lastest patch.
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okamonAuthor Commented:
thanks! hanccocka. so why the update switch didn't work with ESXi510-201210001.zip?? this is what I wanted to know if you are saying "update and install do the same thing."
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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE^2)VMware and Virtualization ConsultantCommented:
we have seen some very odd behavoir when using the esxcli to update/install updates, and sometimes, the update is not installed, after several reboots.

some users use update to install patches, and some users use update.

I think it's safer always to use install, it seems to be more reliable.
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