• Status: Solved
  • Priority: Medium
  • Security: Public
  • Views: 750
  • Last Modified:

AIX - Archiving (tar) a filesystems and excluding a directory

Please help with tar command. See below.

Trying to archive /business/obj/11.2 and trying to exclude /business/obj/11.2/data

Here is what I tried:

tar -cvf /business/obj/11.2.tar -X /business/obj/11.2/data /business/obj/11.2

and here is my ouput, which is not working:

a /business/obj/11.2 (excluded)
  • 2
  • 2
2 Solutions

if it's AIX tar then -X expects a file containing names of directories to be excluded, and not a direct value.

So create a file, let's say "/tmp/tar_excl" containing just the string


an rerun your command like this:

tar -cv -X /tmp/tar_excl  -f /business/obj/11.2.tar  /business/obj/11.2
tar -cvf /business/obj/11.2.tar -X /tmp/tar_excl  /business/obj/11.2

I assume you're aware that the name of your archive will be "11.2.tar" and that it will be located under the directory structure "/business/obj/"
AIX25Author Commented:
You method worked only to a point....it skipped /data, but it did not finish tar'ing up the directory.

I received this error:

tar: 0511-194 Reached end-of-file before expected.

Please advise
AIX25Author Commented:
Also, my ulimits are set to unlimited.
Those errors are almost always related to space limitations, be it by ulimit, quota or filesystem size, or (sometimes) they're related to filesystem defects.

To rule this out nevertheless (to check if it's a read or logic issue) you could redirect the output to /dev/null :

tar -cvf  -  -X /tmp/tar_excl  /business/obj/11.2 >/dev/null

Note the "-" (minus) sign following "-f "!

You will see the verbose log anyway, because it goes to stderr.
Question has a verified solution.

Are you are experiencing a similar issue? Get a personalized answer when you ask a related question.

Have a better answer? Share it in a comment.

Join & Write a Comment

Featured Post

Free Tool: IP Lookup

Get more info about an IP address or domain name, such as organization, abuse contacts and geolocation.

One of a set of tools we are providing to everyone as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

  • 2
  • 2
Tackle projects and never again get stuck behind a technical roadblock.
Join Now