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How to shrink VM HDD into smaller capacity ?

Hi All,

How to shrink VM HDD into smaller capacity from 100 GB thin provision into 50 GB ?

if possible the VM should not be turned off as it is production Windows Server 2008 box.

Thanks
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Senior IT System Engineer
Asked:
Senior IT System Engineer
3 Solutions
 
Haresh NikumbhSr. Tech leadCommented:
Shrinking disks is not allowed under the following circumstances:
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The virtual machine is hosted on an ESX/ESXi host. ESX/ESXi can shrink the size of a virtual disk only when a virtual machine is exported. The space occupied by the virtual disk on the server, however, does not change.
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The virtual machine has a Mac OS X guest operating system.
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You preallocated all the disk space to the virtual disk when you created it.
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The virtual machine contains a snapshot.

The exception is if the virtual machine is used in VMware Fusion 4 and has a Windows guest operating system. In this case, you can use the Clean Up Virtual Machine button in Fusion to shrink disks.
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The virtual machine is a linked clone or the parent of a linked clone.
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The virtual disk is an independent disk in nonpersistent mode.
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The file system is a journaling file system, such as an ext4, xfs, or jfs file system.

refer below link to shrink volume

http://pubs.vmware.com/vsphere-50/index.jsp?topic=%2Fcom.vmware.vmtools.install.doc%2FGUID-A42FA14C-7D67-44A7-823B-854AA9F5FD3E.html


http://www.experts-exchange.com/OS/Microsoft_Operating_Systems/Server/Hypervisor/Q_24123866.html
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Subhashish LahaCommented:
Use below link to shrink

http://boerlowie.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/how-to-shrink-a-thin-vmdk-on-esxi-5-0/

Or, as you don't want to shutdown Production server then use vmware vcenter standalone converter 5.1
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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE^2)VMware and Virtualization ConsultantCommented:
The only supported function which allows the shrinking of VMware Virtual disk, is to use VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.1.

This will allow you to easily, V2V, shrink the disk in a single pass, and cutover, at a quiet period, I would estimate 30-60 seconds of downtime!

if the Virtual Machine is in Production and cannot be turned OFF, checkout the Replication/Sync Feature of VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.1

See my EE Article for Step by Step Tutortial with screenshots on how to V2V (first pass), and then setup a Sync Job out of Hours! (FIRST ARTICLE)

HOW TO:  Synchronize changes when completing a P2V or V2V with VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.1

HOW TO:  P2V, V2V for FREE - VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.1
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Senior IT System EngineerIT ProfessionalAuthor Commented:
ah ok, so in this case it is not supported with VMware vSphere ESXi 4.1 at all without causing any downtime.

svMotion the VM can only shrink the thin provision VMDK but not shrink the entire assigned disk capacity to the VM.
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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE^2)VMware and Virtualization ConsultantCommented:
That is correct, but you can V2V using Converter, and have 30-60s of downtime!
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Senior IT System EngineerIT ProfessionalAuthor Commented:
Thanks !
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