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TaxonomyField set field value in event receiver, SharePoint 2010

Posted on 2013-05-23
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Last Modified: 2013-05-29
I'm trying to set a taxonomy field to a specific value. The code below works but does not save the change. I know it works because if I force the change via the Update method, the user sees an error message about a save conflict but the value *is* changed in the list.

Dim fld As TaxonomyField = DirectCast(properties.ListItem.Fields("Product"), TaxonomyField)
Dim taxo As New TaxonomySession(web.Site)
Dim t As Term = taxo.DefaultSiteCollectionTermStore.GetTermSet(fld.TermSetId).GetTerm(New Guid(g))            
fld.SetFieldValue(properties.ListItem, t)
properties.ListItem.Update() '<< Works only if Update is called

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Is there some other method that has to get called to save such a change? I tried fld.Update() with no effect.

The other non-taxo fields being updated in this event receiver work just fine.
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Question by:CraigYellick
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Expert Comment

by:ivan_vagunin
ID: 39193622
Hi!
If you are using synchronous event receivers (e.g. ItemAdding or ItemUpdating) you should not call Update on updating items, since it will cause conflict. Instead you should use AfterProperties collection to change item field values, like this:

properties.AfterProperties["TaxonomyFieldInternalName"] = "TermLabel|TermGuid";

no need to call Update after changing AfterProperties.

More info: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/microsoft.sharepoint.spitemeventproperties.afterproperties(v=office.14).aspx
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Author Comment

by:CraigYellick
ID: 39194534
Thanks for the response. I know that I can't call Update. The question is, why is the property change not being saved.  The AfterProperties object is not compatible with:  

fld.SetFieldValue(properties.ListItem, t)

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Which is the only way I've seen to set the taxo field value.
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Author Comment

by:CraigYellick
ID: 39194572
I should point out that assigning the AfterProperties for the field with the "Label|GUID" string results in this error message:

One or more field types are not installed properly. Go to the list settings page to delete these fields.<nativehr>0x81020014</nativehr><nativestack></nativestack>


The error message is not correct, the fields are fine and can be updated in the UI. Fields also work just fine with the ListItem.Update. If it wasn't for the conflict error this would work.
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Expert Comment

by:ivan_vagunin
ID: 39194687
This probably means that field is not returned in the query you used to get item before update or field name is incorrect. Can you post code that gets item and calls update?
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Accepted Solution

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CraigYellick earned 0 total points
ID: 39194710
Solved it! What an ordeal.  Turns out is it flat-out impossible to update a taxo field from an ItemAdding event.  Can only be done through the ListItem object, in the ItemAdded event.

If you scroll way down in the following article you'll come across the discussion.

http://social.technet.microsoft.com/forums/en-US/sharepointdevelopmentprevious/thread/4634ec93-4aa3-4e1a-a0c3-6a66c3b3246e


I learned something else as well: You can set the ItemAdded event to run synchronously , so it behaves like ItemAdding.  That's important so the user sees the change immediately when the dialog closes and they see the list item.
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Author Closing Comment

by:CraigYellick
ID: 39203934
Wanted to mark as a solution for anyone else searching on this topic. It's far from obvious how taxo fields work.
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