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Calculate a person's age from their date of birth in Excel.

Posted on 2013-05-29
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Last Modified: 2013-05-30
Hello,

Suppose a person's date of birth (DOB) is displayed in cell A1 (as a date format such as "mm/dd/yy"). What (non-VBA) formula in Excel will calculate and display the person's age in years?

I realize that the formula will somehow include the difference:

    =TODAY() – DOB

but I am not quite sure what other functions to use and how to include them in the formula.

Also, Googling to various sites led to a couple of solutions which utilize the value 365.25 days per year (which is an approximation to account for leap year). However, I seem to remember seeing a solution in the past which does not include the approximation but calculates the answer directly. That's the formula I'm looking for.

Thanks
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Question by:Steve_Brady
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Expert Comment

by:Frosty555
ID: 39206386
How about YEARFRAC()?

http://office.microsoft.com/en-ca/excel-help/yearfrac-HP005209344.aspx

=YEARFRAC(TODAY(),A1)    

(where "A1" is the cell containing the date of birth)
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LVL 35

Expert Comment

by:[ fanpages ]
ID: 39206418
Hi,

There is a discussion on date calculations within this recent thread:

"Excel formula that tells you the number of months" (20 May 2013)

[ http://www.experts-exchange.com/Software/Office_Productivity/Office_Suites/MS_Office/Excel/Q_28133886.html ]

BFN,

fp.
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Expert Comment

by:Steve
ID: 39206827
Using YEARFRAC and INT to give the age in whole years:
        =INT(YEARFRAC(A1,TODAY()))
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Accepted Solution

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barry houdini earned 500 total points
ID: 39207289
Hello Steve,

I see that fanpages' link has some discussion of DATEDIF and the possible problems with that function....but purely for age in years (i.e. using "y" as 3rd argument) I have not seen any instances where it doesn't give accurate results in any version of excel so that's what I'd use here

=DATEDIF(A1,TODAY(),"y")

DATEDIF is not very well documented by Microsoft - see here for more details

If you don't trust DATEDIF then this formula gives me the same results in all the tests I made

=YEAR(B1)-YEAR(A1)-(TEXT(B1,"mmdd")< TEXT(A1,"mmdd"))

where A1 and B1 are dates and B1 is later

Obviously I'm expecting that the age in years will increment only on the exact anniversary of the DOB (or on 1st March in non leap years for any 29th Feb DOBs). I noticed that The Barman's suggestion with INT and YEARFRAC works in most cases but not all, e.g. if DOB is 31-Jul-1963 then I'm getting 50 one day early on 30-Jul-2013

regards, barry
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Author Closing Comment

by:Steve_Brady
ID: 39207826
Thanks Barry.
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LVL 35

Expert Comment

by:[ fanpages ]
ID: 39208303
You're welcome, Steve_Brady.
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