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T-SQL CASE UPDATE Statement

Hello:

Below is a script that I'm trying to run that is saying "If the pay code is a salary pay code for employee ELLI0001, then set the field UPR00100.Primary_Pay_Record = 1 else 0".

But, SQL tells me that there are syntax errors.  Can someone please tell me what I'm doing wrong?  It would be much appreciated!

SELECT CASE WHEN UPR00400.PAYRCORD = 'SALY' AND UPR00400.EMPLOYID = 'ELLI0001'
THEN UPDATE UPR00100 SET Primary_Pay_Record = '1'
Else WHEN UPR00400.PAYRCORD <> 'SALY' AND UPR00400.EMPLOYID <> 'ELLI0001'  
THEN UPDATE UPR00100.Primary_Pay_Record = '0' End
INNER JOIN UPR00100 ON UPR00400.EMPLOYID = UPR00100.EMPLOYID

Thanks!

TBSupport
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TBSupport
Asked:
TBSupport
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1 Solution
 
Jim HornMicrosoft SQL Server Developer, Architect, and AuthorCommented:
You can't do a SELECT ... CASE UPDATE, you can do an UPDATE ... WHERE {criteria}.

<air code, something like this>

UPDATE UPR00100
SET Primary_Pay_Record = '1'
WHERE Pay_code = 'whatever salary pay code is' AND EMPLOYID = 'ELLI0001'

UPDATE UPR00100
SET Primary_Pay_Record = '0'
WHERE Pay_code <> 'whatever salary pay code is' AND EMPLOYID = 'ELLI0001'

btw if Primary_Pay_Record is numeric then lose the single quote marks
0
 
Ross TurnerManagement Information Support AnalystCommented:
Hi  TBSupport,

I created this example of case statement on a update

http://sqlfiddle.com/#!3/9454c/4

Script:
Select * from UPR00100;

UPDATE UPR00100
SET Primary_Pay_Record  = 
CASE 
  WHEN Pay_code =  1 AND EMPLOYID = 'ELLI0001' THEN 1
  WHEN Pay_code =  2 AND EMPLOYID = 'ELLI0001' THEN 0
  ELSE Primary_Pay_Record
END;

Select * from UPR00100;

Open in new window


Mock Table:
 create table UPR00100(EMPLOYID varchar(30),Primary_Pay_Record int ,Pay_code int)


INSERT INTO UPR00100(EMPLOYID,Primary_Pay_Record,Pay_code) VALUES('ELLI0001',NULL,'1');
INSERT INTO UPR00100(EMPLOYID,Primary_Pay_Record,Pay_code) VALUES('ELLI0001',NULL,'2');
INSERT INTO UPR00100(EMPLOYID,Primary_Pay_Record,Pay_code) VALUES('BOBY001',NULL,'1');
INSERT INTO UPR00100(EMPLOYID,Primary_Pay_Record,Pay_code) VALUES('BOBY002',NULL,'2');
INSERT INTO UPR00100(EMPLOYID,Primary_Pay_Record,Pay_code) VALUES('BOBY003',NULL,'3');

Open in new window

0
 
ThomasianCommented:
UPDATE	U1
SET	Primary_Pay_Record = CASE WHEN U4.PAYRCORD = 'SALY' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END
FROM	UPR00100 U1 INNER JOIN
	UPR00400 U4 ON U1.EMPLOYID = U4.EMPLOYID
WHERE	U4.EMPLOYID = 'ELLI0001'

Open in new window

0
 
Ross TurnerManagement Information Support AnalystCommented:
i realised i got your requirements wrong try this

WORKING EXAMPLE
http://sqlfiddle.com/#!3/c59b7/1

UPDATE UPR00100
SET Primary_Pay_Record  = 
CASE 
  WHEN UPR00400.PAYRCORD = 'SALY'  AND UPR00400.EMPLOYID = 'ELLI0001'  THEN 1
  WHEN UPR00400.PAYRCORD <> 'SALY' AND UPR00400.EMPLOYID <> 'ELLI0001' THEN 0
END
FROM UPR00100  INNER JOIN
	 UPR00400  ON UPR00100.EMPLOYID = UPR00400.EMPLOYID

Open in new window

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