# syntax error

Hi,

I am trying run the follwoing python code but getting a syntax error. Please help to solve.

``````'''

import struct
import sys

class STLUtils:
def resetVariables(self):
self.normals = []
self.points = []
self.triangles = []
self.bytecount = []
self.fb = [] # debug list

# Calculate volume fo the 3D mesh using Tetrahedron volume
# based in: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1406029/how-to-calculate-the-volume-of-a-3d-mesh-object-the-surface-of-which-is-made-up
def signedVolumeOfTriangle(self,p1, p2, p3):
v321 = p3[0]*p2[1]*p1[2]
v231 = p2[0]*p3[1]*p1[2]
v312 = p3[0]*p1[1]*p2[2]
v132 = p1[0]*p3[1]*p2[2]
v213 = p2[0]*p1[1]*p3[2]
v123 = p1[0]*p2[1]*p3[2]
return (1.0/6.0)*(-v321 + v231 + v312 - v132 - v213 + v123)

def unpack(self, sig, l):
s = self.f.read(l)
self.fb.append(s)
return struct.unpack(sig, s)

def read_triangle(self):
n  = self.unpack("<3f", 12)
p1 = self.unpack("<3f", 12)
p2 = self.unpack("<3f", 12)
p3 = self.unpack("<3f", 12)
b  = self.unpack("<h", 2)

self.normals.append(n)
l = len(self.points)
self.points.append(p1)
self.points.append(p2)
self.points.append(p3)
self.triangles.append((l, l+1, l+2))
self.bytecount.append(b[0])
return self.signedVolumeOfTriangle(p1,p2,p3)

def read_length(self):
length = struct.unpack("@i", self.f.read(4))
return length[0]

def read_header(self):
self.f.seek(self.f.tell()+80)

def cm3_To_inch3Transform(self, v):
return v*0.0610237441

def calculateWeight(self,volumeIn_cm):
return volumeIn_cm*1.04

def calculateVolume(self,infilename, unit):
print "C:\Users\sag\Desktop\gf.stl"
self.resetVariables()
totalVolume = 0
try:
self.f = open( infilename, "rb")
self.read_header()
l = self.read_length()
print "total triangles:",l
try:
while True:
totalVolume +=self.read_triangle()
except Exception, e:
#print e
print "End calculate triangles volume"
#print len(self.normals), len(self.points), len(self.triangles), l,
if unit=="cm":
totalVolume = (totalVolume/1000)
print "Total volume:", totalVolume,"cm"
else:
totalVolume = self.cm3_To_inch3Transform(totalVolume/1000)
print "Total volume:", totalVolume,"inch"
except Exception, e:
print e
return totalVolume

if __name__ == '__main__':
if len(sys.argv)==1:
print "C:\Users\sag\Desktop\gf.stl"
else:
mySTLUtils = STLUtils()
if(len(sys.argv)>2 and sys.argv[2]=="inch"):
mySTLUtils.calculateVolume(sys.argv[1],"inch")
else:
mySTLUtils.calculateVolume(sys.argv[1],"cm")
``````

thanks ayha
LVL 7
Asked:
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Commented:
Do you use python3?
This code is intended for Python2

In python3 for example you have to change for example
print "C:\Users\sag\Desktop\gf.stl"
to
print("C:\Users\sag\Desktop\gf.stl")

I don't use python3 but you if I remember corerctly might also have to change

class STLUtils:

to
class STLUtils(object):

Could you please also post the exact error message?
0
Author Commented:
Python 3.3.2 (v3.3.2:d047928ae3f6, May 16 2013, 00:06:53) [MSC v.1600 64 bit (AMD64)] on win32

syntax error at

print "C:\Users\sag\Desktop\gf.stl"
0
Commented:
try to apply the changes, that I suggested.
I don't have python3 at hand at the moment, so can't try.

But as I suggested before.
The main issues is you try to run Python2 code with Python3.

Either you try to run it with Python2
or you fix all the Python3 incompatibilities as for example
adding parenthesises to all print statements.

Also change line 6 to:
class STLUtils(object):

You might also encount other errors just post them if you'd like to stay with Python3

Have also a look at
http://wiki.python.org/moin/Python2orPython3
0
Author Commented:
where can I download python 2?
0
Commented:
0
Commented:
Python 27 and python3 can co-exist on the same machine however there are some things which might become a little tricky.

I don't have two python versions on a windows machine, so can't really advicse on this.
0
Author Commented:
OK. I installed 2.7 ver and no more error. How can I display the total volume?

thanks
0
Commented:
I'm not sure.
Normally the volume should be printed on the console.

What I assume is, that your program starts, prints the result and closes the console window immediately.

what you can do is following:

add following line somehwere at the beginning for example aftyer line 4
import time

add following line at the end of your script
time.sleep(5)

this should give you 5 seconds to read the result

Otherwise you should be able to run your script from one of the IDE's or from a cmd window, but
I don't know your windows setup that well, thus suggested just a simple work around.
0
Author Commented:
I am running from IDE. how can I display the thevolume in the following line?

if __name__ == '__main__':
if len(sys.argv)==1:
print "test"    <------------------------------------------print thevolume here.

thevolume is returned in "def calculateVolume(self,infilename, unit)"

thanks
0
Commented:
Your script  prints the result either in
line 77 or in line 80 whenever the function is called,

but only if you passed an argument to your script.
it seems, that you start the script without passing a command line  argument.

What you hav to o is change the logic such, that the script without argument uses for example 'cms' as default value

You can do this by removing/commenting out lines 86 to 88
0
Author Commented:
could you please modify the code to print thevolume. I have no experience in python all.

Thanks
0
Commented:
``````'''

import struct
import sys

class STLUtils:
def resetVariables(self):
self.normals = []
self.points = []
self.triangles = []
self.bytecount = []
self.fb = [] # debug list

# Calculate volume fo the 3D mesh using Tetrahedron volume
# based in: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1406029/how-to-calculate-the-volume-of-a-3d-mesh-object-the-surface-of-which-is-made-up
def signedVolumeOfTriangle(self,p1, p2, p3):
v321 = p3[0]*p2[1]*p1[2]
v231 = p2[0]*p3[1]*p1[2]
v312 = p3[0]*p1[1]*p2[2]
v132 = p1[0]*p3[1]*p2[2]
v213 = p2[0]*p1[1]*p3[2]
v123 = p1[0]*p2[1]*p3[2]
return (1.0/6.0)*(-v321 + v231 + v312 - v132 - v213 + v123)

def unpack(self, sig, l):
s = self.f.read(l)
self.fb.append(s)
return struct.unpack(sig, s)

def read_triangle(self):
n  = self.unpack("<3f", 12)
p1 = self.unpack("<3f", 12)
p2 = self.unpack("<3f", 12)
p3 = self.unpack("<3f", 12)
b  = self.unpack("<h", 2)

self.normals.append(n)
l = len(self.points)
self.points.append(p1)
self.points.append(p2)
self.points.append(p3)
self.triangles.append((l, l+1, l+2))
self.bytecount.append(b[0])
return self.signedVolumeOfTriangle(p1,p2,p3)

def read_length(self):
length = struct.unpack("@i", self.f.read(4))
return length[0]

def read_header(self):
self.f.seek(self.f.tell()+80)

def cm3_To_inch3Transform(self, v):
return v*0.0610237441

def calculateWeight(self,volumeIn_cm):
return volumeIn_cm*1.04

def calculateVolume(self,infilename, unit):
print "C:\Users\sag\Desktop\gf.stl"
self.resetVariables()
totalVolume = 0
try:
self.f = open( infilename, "rb")
self.read_header()
l = self.read_length()
print "total triangles:",l
try:
while True:
totalVolume +=self.read_triangle()
except Exception, e:
#print e
print "End calculate triangles volume"
#print len(self.normals), len(self.points), len(self.triangles), l,
if unit=="cm":
totalVolume = (totalVolume/1000)
print "Total volume:", totalVolume,"cm"
else:
totalVolume = self.cm3_To_inch3Transform(totalVolume/1000)
print "Total volume:", totalVolume,"inch"
except Exception, e:
print e
return totalVolume

if __name__ == '__main__':
infilename = "C:\Users\sag\Desktop\gf.stl
unit = "cm"
if len(sys.argv) > 1:
infilename = sys.argv[1]
if len(sys.argv) > 2:
unit = sys.argv[2]
mySTLUtils = STLUtils()
mySTLUtils.calculateVolume(infilename, unit)
``````

This changed version will calculate the volume of C:\Users\sag\Desktop\gf.stl
in cm
0

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Author Commented:
Thanks
0
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