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Convert VarChar to Numeric in WHERE Clause

Posted on 2013-06-10
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Last Modified: 2013-06-11
I have the following query that has been working for years

AgencyDefinField is a VarChar

SELECT     *
FROM         Accounts
WHERE     (CONVERT(numeric, AgencyDefinField) = 4765765)

Beginning Today I started getting the following message

Microsoft ODBC SQL server driver [SQL Server ] Error converting data type varchar to numeric

I have two Questions:
1.  What could have cause the problem to only now appear
2.  How to fix it

Any help would be appreciated.

Thanks,
Phil
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Question by:PhilChapmanJr
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9 Comments
 
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Accepted Solution

by:
BAKADY earned 500 total points
ID: 39236027
maybe works this, or you have values like '4765765.00' then not.
SELECT     *
FROM         Accounts
WHERE     rtrim(ltrim(AgencyDefinField)) = '4765765'

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the problem are the values in AgencyDefinField, maybe NULL or empty strings.

you can try ISNUMERIC-function too
SELECT     *
FROM         Accounts
WHERE     CASE WHEN ISNUMERIC(AgencyDefinField) THEN CAST(AgencyDefinField as NUMERIC) ELSE 0 END = 4765765

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t
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Expert Comment

by:Patrick Matthews
ID: 39236095
Almost always, this type of error is caused by having a [n][var]char value that is not convertible to a numeric.

BAKADY's second SQL statement above handles that scenario by forcing a return of zero.

You can utilize that approach to find out which record(s) are causing you difficulty:

SELECT     *
FROM         Accounts
WHERE     ISNUMERIC(AgencyDefinField) = 0

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Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39236318
It's better from a performance perspective to filter the opposite way i.e. amend the criteria to suit that data. This way indexes can be used by the query.

e.g.

SELECT     *
FROM         Accounts
WHERE     AgencyDefinField = convert(varchar,4765765) -- or nvarchar

if the field is only supposed to carry strings of digits then there may be data you need to correct, however I'd still suggest filtering by conversion of criteria to suit the field's data type.
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Expert Comment

by:BAKADY
ID: 39236325
what about if the field AgencyDefinField is '4765765.00' ????
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Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39236355
Would you pass that on that request via an integer? (wouldn't advise it)

SELECT     *
FROM         Accounts
WHERE     AgencyDefinField =  '4765765.00'
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Expert Comment

by:BAKADY
ID: 39237018
Is the author no more interested in our answers????
0
 
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Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39237029
2013-06-11 at 06:31:30
2013-06-11 at 18:39:50
duration = 12:08:20
such enthusiasm :)
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Author Closing Comment

by:PhilChapmanJr
ID: 39237446
I found the problem, someone had removed the number and left the the field flank.
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Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39237462
that would do it :)
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