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Vi editor

Posted on 2013-06-14
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Last Modified: 2016-02-11
Hello Linux/Unix experts,

I have an application based off FREEBSD.
Using the VI editor, I open up a text document.

how do i

1) Page all the way to the top of the document and page all the way to the bottom of the document

2) search for keyword TEST
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Comment
Question by:trojan81
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8 Comments
 
LVL 31

Assisted Solution

by:farzanj
farzanj earned 133 total points
ID: 39249179
Go to the command mode by pressing Esc key

To go to the top
Do
gg

Or
1G

For bottom of document

Press
G


To search test in command mode

/TEST

and hit enter
0
 
LVL 31

Expert Comment

by:farzanj
ID: 39249186
Another way to navigate is to go to command mode by pressing Esc and do
:1

To go to line number 1
Or you can give any line number

And for last line you can use $
:$


In search some people use :/TEST

But : is really not needed.

To go to next TEST forward, use n
To go to next TEST backward, use N
0
 
LVL 28

Assisted Solution

by:serialband
serialband earned 133 total points
ID: 39249551
Some other useful navigation controls.
Control+D pages down half a page at a time
Control+U pages up half a page at a time
Control+F pages down a full page at a time
Control+B pages up a page at a time

Here's a web page with the command list for vi.

http://www.cs.rit.edu/~cslab/vi.html
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LVL 37

Accepted Solution

by:
Gerwin Jansen earned 134 total points
ID: 39250109
See comments above by farzanj - easiest IMHO are:

gg
G
/TEST

(no command mode needed)

After searching once for /TEST - use n to find again (in same direction). To change direction (with same pattern) use ? and then n again to find again (the other direction).
0
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LVL 31

Expert Comment

by:farzanj
ID: 39252869
What?  No one added anything to my answer which was accurate and a day earlier.  One expert answer was not even addressing the question.  Second one repeated pretty much what I said earlier, just gave fewer options.
0
 
LVL 37

Expert Comment

by:Gerwin Jansen
ID: 39253839
@trojan81 - I agree with farzanj - you could have split a bit differently in this case, I added the search direction options though that are useful.
0
 
LVL 31

Expert Comment

by:farzanj
ID: 39253847
Thank you Gerwinjansen.  I had the direction included too.  You see you can simply do it with /SEARCH and then you want to go forward you press 'n' and for backwards you press 'N'.
/SEARCH and ?SEARCH is just another way to do the same.
0
 
LVL 28

Expert Comment

by:serialband
ID: 39254271
I didn't bother addressing the direct question, because you had already addressed it.  I decided to add additional value by providing additional navigation instructions as well as include a link with more vi commands.

Are you getting paid based on points?  I've lost out on many points this same way.  It's just points, it happens, not a big deal.
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