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log4j outputting to a file

Posted on 2013-06-16
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Last Modified: 2013-06-17
Hi there;

I want to output my variable to a file, and I need to use log4j framework.

I wrote the following code but it seems it has no effect since the file is empty. (I created the file manually, not with the code).

   Logger logger = Logger.getLogger("com.foo");
        logger.setLevel(Level.INFO);
        logger.info(val);
        FileAppender fa = new FileAppender();
        fa.setFile("C:/log.txt");
        logger.addAppender(fa);

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I also find an elegant way with,
http://www.mkyong.com/logging/log4j-log4j-properties-examples/

but I don't know where to put this properties code. Should I put it into my java source code or create a file and map it? (if so, how?), what should I do?

Regards.

P.S. it's not a web project but a simple java code with no main class to produce Jar (so I cannot output it to console).
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Question by:jazzIIIlove
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7 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:krakatoa
ID: 39251533
Here is what another expert put together. log4j to file

That might help. But if you need further assistance on it, then more help might be needed. ;)
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Expert Comment

by:CEHJ
ID: 39251572
I wrote the following code but it seems it has no effect since the file is empty.
That's because you use the logger (line 3) before you add the FileAppender to it
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Author Comment

by:jazzIIIlove
ID: 39251684
Hi CEHJ;

One question: Is it possible to do this without properties file?

Regards.
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Accepted Solution

by:
CEHJ earned 500 total points
ID: 39251737
One question: Is it possible to do this without properties file?
To do what?

As it happens, the best way to configure and use log4j is to use as little code as possible.
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Author Comment

by:jazzIIIlove
ID: 39252377
Hi;

I mean should I also include the .properties file in the project? or is it OK without it?

Regards.
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Author Comment

by:jazzIIIlove
ID: 39252418
ah, thanks I solved it.

 
		Logger logger = Logger.getLogger("com.foo");
        logger.setLevel(Level.INFO);
     
        FileAppender fa = new FileAppender();
        fa.setWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(new FileOutputStream(new File("C:\\log.txt"))));
        fa.setLayout(new PatternLayout("%-5p [%t]: %m%n"));
        
        logger.addAppender(fa);
        logger.info("aaaa");

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Expert Comment

by:CEHJ
ID: 39252520
:)

But why would you have all that code in your own? It's not necessary...
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