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oracle optimizer

Posted on 2013-06-18
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Oracle Optimizer choose the execution plan based on the statistics information .
we can gather the statistics dbms_stats.
What can a dba do to make the oracle optimizer to pick a different execution plan?
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Question by:taaz
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slightwv (䄆 Netminder) earned 400 total points
ID: 39256930
Why do you want to pick a different plan?

That asked:
You can use hints.
You can use stored outlines.

Possibly a couple others.
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by:sdstuber
sdstuber earned 800 total points
ID: 39256958
create indexes  -> new options for optimizer

reload data - > changes index clustering factor

change optimizer init parameters -> change optimizer mode, index "weight" and dynamic sampling

change init version and compatibility parameters -> make the optimizer perform as a different version (usually lower unless increasing from a previously lowered value)

rewrite the query -> new query = new plan

use materialized views and query rewrite -> let the optimizer rewrite the query for you using precalculated values

use advanced rewrite -> replace a bad query with a functionally equivalent better query.  Similar to rewriting except you don't need to modify the original source code.

use sql profiles -> let the optimizer learn data distributions from previous executions

collect extended statistics -> uses dbms_stats, but these are a manual effort to define extensions that are valuable
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by:Franck Pachot
Franck Pachot earned 800 total points
ID: 39257236
>> What can a dba do to make the oracle optimizer to pick a different execution plan?

alter system set "_optimizer_random_plan"=42;

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This is a joke, don't try this on production... it works...
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by:taaz
ID: 39263498
Thanks
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