Solved

Query not working

Posted on 2013-06-21
19
457 Views
Last Modified: 2016-02-11
Hello there,

I have created this table from an excel sheet.
I imported the excel sheet in my db using SSIS which is fine

CREATE TABLE
    sheet
    (
        id BIGINT NOT NULL IDENTITY,
        Province NVARCHAR(255) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS,
        County NVARCHAR(255) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS,
        District NVARCHAR(255) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS,
        City NVARCHAR(255) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS,
    );


I need to create 4 tables from the above table.

Province
County(FK is Provicne table id)
District(FK is County table id)
City (FK is District table id)


I managed to create the first 3 tables,now when I am trying to link the district table to the city table with the districtID as FK in the city table I get this error

Subquery returned more than 1 value. This is not permitted when the subquery follows =, !=, <, <= , >, >= or when the subquery is used as an expression.

UPDATE city
       SET districtID = 
       (Select d.ID
         FROM district as d 
        where d.districtname = city.district
            and city.county = d.county
            and d.province = city.province)

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my city and district table is as follows

CREATE TABLE
    city
    (
        id BIGINT NOT NULL IDENTITY,
        Province NVARCHAR(255) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS,
        County NVARCHAR(255) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS,
        District NVARCHAR(255) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS,
        cityname NVARCHAR(255) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS,
        districtID BIGINT
    );

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CREATE TABLE
    district
    (
        id BIGINT NOT NULL IDENTITY,
        County NVARCHAR(255) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS,
        Province NVARCHAR(255) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS,
        districtname NVARCHAR(255) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS,
        countyID BIGINT
    );

Open in new window

0
Comment
Question by:zolf
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19 Comments
 
LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39267555
try either 'distinct' in that subquery

UPDATE city
       SET districtID =
       (Select DISTINCT d.ID
         FROM district as d
        where d.districtname = city.district
            and city.county = d.county
            and d.province = city.province)
0
 

Author Comment

by:zolf
ID: 39267556
thanks for your feedback, but it is still giving me that same error
0
 
LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39267559
not sure how you are going about normalizing that excel import - but this blog entry might give you some ideas. It uses cross apply and dense_rank() as way to normalize the data - which appears to be quite suitable here.

{+ edit sorry} and the url is
http://www.experts-exchange.com/blogs/PortletPaul/B_7511-Unpivotting-by-CROSS-APPLY-and-VALUES.html
0
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LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39267561
>>but it is still giving me that same error
can I see some sample data perhaps?

you may also want to try this:

Select
  d.id
, d.districtname
, d.county
, d.province
, count(*)
FROM district as d
group by
  d.id
, d.districtname
, d.county
, d.province
having count(*) > 1
0
 

Author Comment

by:zolf
ID: 39267563
I am comparing the names of those two tables and if they are equal then I want to get the district id in tho the city table as fk
0
 
LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39267564
or this

Select
   d.districtname
, d.county
, d.province
, min(d.id)
, max(d.id)
, count(*)
FROM district as d
group by
   d.districtname
, d.county
, d.province
having count(*) > 1
0
 
LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39267566
>>I am comparing the names of those two tables and if they are equal then I want to get the district id in tho the city table as fk
yes, I understand what you are wanting

that subquery however is supplying more than one d.id
for the same   ( d.districtname , d.county , d.province ) combinations

which may indicate you have deeper problems in the method being used to normalize the data
0
 

Author Comment

by:zolf
ID: 39267569
that select query of yours returned 0 rows. I have attached the district and city table to get an idea
1.gif
0
 

Author Comment

by:zolf
ID: 39267571
by the way I have not assigned any constraints to the 4 tables. first I wanted to get the data in the tables and then apply the FK contraints to those tables and link them.
also I will delete the repeated col names in each tables later when I get the links
0
 
LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39267578
regrettably I can't read that script (arabic?) although I think I see repetition (eg rows 14-16
UPDATE city
SET districtID = (
        SELECT ID
        FROM (
                (
                SELECT MIN(d.ID) AS ID
                FROM district
                GROUP BY d.districtname
                    , d.county
                    , d.province
                )
         WHERE d.districtname = city.district
                AND city.county = d.county
                AND d.province = city.province
            )
        )

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can you supply some source data - not by image (something I used in a db)
maybe a portion of the source Excel?
are you familiar with sqlfiddle?
http://sqlfiddle.com/
(it only permits a total of 8000 chars in DDL ~= 4000 of actual data)
0
 

Author Comment

by:zolf
ID: 39267592
I have zipped and exported the district,city table also the table called country which I imported from excel with SSIS. I have also attached the original excel. please help me to sort this issue.  I managed to get the 3 tables only stuck with this city table to link it to district
Desktop.zip
0
 

Author Comment

by:zolf
ID: 39267597
when I run that query of yours I get this error

 Incorrect syntax near the keyword 'WHERE'.
0
 
LVL 49

Accepted Solution

by:
PortletPaul earned 500 total points
ID: 39267604
UPDATE city
SET districtID = (
        SELECT ID
        FROM (
                SELECT MIN(d.ID) AS ID, districtname , county, province
                FROM district
                GROUP BY districtname
                    , county
                    , province
                ) as d
         WHERE d.districtname = city.district
                AND city.county = d.county
                AND d.province = city.province
            )

Open in new window

0
 
LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39267606
there were some edits above, please ensure you use the latest
0
 

Author Comment

by:zolf
ID: 39267610
now I get this error

 The multi-part identifier "d.ID" could not be bound. 2) [Error Code: 207, SQL State: 42S22]  Invalid column name 'districtname'. 3) [Error Code: 207, SQL State: 42S22]  Invalid column name 'county'. 4) [Error Code: 207, SQL State: 42S22]  Invalid column name 'province'.
0
 

Author Comment

by:zolf
ID: 39267611
after using your latest edited query I get this error

The multi-part identifier "d.ID" could not be bound.
0
 

Author Comment

by:zolf
ID: 39267616
thanks a lot it worked,perfect. I replaced the d with district.ID and it worked.
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:zolf
ID: 39267617
cheers mate
0
 
LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 39267622
excellent!

sorry for the false starts

when you come to simplify those tables don't forget you have used min(id) in that update

I really would like to use that cross apply/dense_rank() approach for normalizing this data but maybe it's probably too late
0

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