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covariance and contravariance

Posted on 2013-06-26
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Last Modified: 2013-07-09
HI,

I have this interface and need to write a class which implement this interface ISimpleList<T>, using an array T[] internally to hold the elements of the list. Here is the interface:

 public interface ISimpleList<out T>
    {
        /// <summary>Adds an item to the ISimpleList<T>.</summary>
        /// <param name="item">The object to add to the ISimpleList<T>.</param>
        void Add(T item);


        /// <summary>Removes all items from the ISimpleList<T>.</summary>
        void Clear();

        /// <summary>Gets the number of elements contained in the ISimpleList<T>.</summary>
        int Count { get; }

        /// <summary>Gets or sets the element at the specified index.</summary>
        /// <param name="index">The zero-based index of the element to get or set.</param>
        /// <returns>The element at the specified index.</returns>
        T this[int index] { get; set; }

        /// <summary>Inserts an item to the ISimpleList<T> at the specified index.</summary>
        /// <param name="index">The zero-based index at which item should be inserted.</param>
        /// <param name="item">The object to insert into the ISimpleList<T>.</param>
        void Insert(int index, T item);

        /// <summary>Removes the ISimpleList<T> item at the specified index.</summary>
        /// <param name="index">The zero-based index of the item to remove.</param>
        void RemoveAt(int index);
    }

I'm not sure this covariance/Contravariance concept? Any help would grately appreciated.

Thanks in advance!!!
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Question by:Neal18
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Expert Comment

by:käµfm³d 👽
ID: 39280048
Why are you concerned with co/contravariance?
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by:Neal18
ID: 39280299
So how do I implement this?
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käµfm³d   👽 earned 1500 total points
ID: 39282541
OK, I think I see now why you were concerned with co- and contravariance. You won't be able to use this class as written. The problem is because you have a mix of T being used in input (i.e. as parameter types) and output (i.e. as return types) contexts. You'd need to remove the out form the generic definition for the class to be usable; for the class to be either co- or contravariant you would have to modify one or more of the method definitions.
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