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Nexus 7K Logging Information Setup

Posted on 2013-06-27
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Last Modified: 2013-07-17
Hello Experts,

Can someone show me how to configure our nexus 7k so that I can see all logging information.

I would like to see all logs that appear in the device while in terminal monitor mode.

Do I need to configure something like  >logging console debugging 7-debug?

If that is correct, I get the following message:

Or is it logging monitor 7?

Either way I would like to see all information that is logged to the NK7 no matter the severity level


Cheers

Carlton
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Question by:cpatte7372
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Expert Comment

by:Don Johnston
ID: 39281855
logging console 7 (for the console port)

or

logging monitor 7 (for SSH or Telnet)
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Author Comment

by:cpatte7372
ID: 39282659
Donjohnston,

Thanks for responding.

I issued the command logging monitor 7, however I get the following on some of more Nexus devices:

vmm                     5                       5
vntag_mgr               6                       6
vpc                     2                       6
vshd                    5                       5
xmlma                   3                       6
zschk                   2                       2

0(emergencies)          1(alerts)       2(critical)
3(errors)               4(warnings)     5(notifications)
6(information)          7(debugging)

2013 Jun 27 15:51:31 MX-N5K2 last message repeated 4 times
2013 Jun 27 15:55:33 MX-N5K2 last message repeated 2 times
2013 Jun 27 16:00:35 MX-N5K2 last message repeated 4 times
2013 Jun 27 16:05:41 MX-N5K2 last message repeated 4 times

As you can see, there are 6(information), 5(notifications), 2(critical) etc. however the output of show logg just gives me the repeated messages.

On another Nexus device I get the following after issuing the show logg


xmlma                   3                       3

0(emergencies)          1(alerts)       2(critical)
3(errors)               4(warnings)     5(notifications)
6(information)          7(debugging)

Do you know why I'm not seeing all the logging information?

Cheers

Carlton
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Don Johnston earned 500 total points
ID: 39282723
Nexus switches have limited buffer capacity for logging. Best practice is to use a syslog server.  

But if memory serves, I believe the command you need is "show logging nvram", "show logging <logfile>" or "show logging last <number of messages>".

But like I said, I've always used syslog on Nexus switches since there's usually more messages than can fit in the buffer.
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Author Comment

by:cpatte7372
ID: 39282747
don,

I'm going to try your logging suggestions now..
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Author Comment

by:cpatte7372
ID: 39282793
don,

I understand the best approach is to use a syslog server. However, out of interest why does nvarm only show loggs up to Jun 19, see below.

2013 Jun 19 13:55:24 MX-N5K1 %$ VDC-1 %$ %VPC-2-PEER_KEEP_ALIVE_RECV_FAIL: In domain 98, VPC peer keep-alive receive has failed

Cheers
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Expert Comment

by:Don Johnston
ID: 39282802
Because that's when the logging destination was changed?

Sorry, I don't understand the question.
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Author Comment

by:cpatte7372
ID: 39282812
don

I'm also seeing the following

last message repeated x times

How can I tell what the message is?

Cheers
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Author Comment

by:cpatte7372
ID: 39282821
Sorry, I didn't make myself the show logging nvram specifies the the last log message as:

2013 Jun 19 13:55:24 MX-N5K1 %$ VDC-1 %$ %VPC-2-PEER_KEEP_ALIVE_RECV_FAIL: In domain 98, VPC peer keep-alive receive has failed

However, when I do show logging last 5 get:

MX-N5K1# show logging last 5
2013 Jun 27 21:20:58 MX-N5K1 last message repeated 4 times
2013 Jun 27 21:26:31 MX-N5K1 last message repeated 4 times
2013 Jun 27 21:30:40 MX-N5K1 last message repeated 2 times
2013 Jun 27 21:35:41 MX-N5K1 last message repeated 4 times
2013 Jun 27 21:40:39 MX-N5K1 last message repeated 4 times

This show logging last 5 shows the actual last message i.e.

2013 Jun 27 21:40:39 MX-N5K1 last message repeated 4 times

Not sure why logging last nvram also doesn't show:

2013 Jun 27 21:40:39 MX-N5K1 last message repeated 4 times

Cheers
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Expert Comment

by:Don Johnston
ID: 39282861
I dunno. There was a bug about the "last message repeated" message but I'm pretty sure that was fixed with 5.0 code.

Then again, it could be a result of the limited capacity of the buffer and NVRAM.
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Author Comment

by:cpatte7372
ID: 39282976
I really would like to find a way to prevent the repeated logs appearing and have the actual logs appear.
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by:Don Johnston
ID: 39284250
Are you logging to a defined logfile or to the buffer?

You really should log to a syslog server.  It solves all logging problems.
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Author Comment

by:cpatte7372
ID: 39284296
DON,

Thanks for responding. I don't mind configuring a syslog server if it means that I won't get the repeated messages.....

If the 'repeated messages' changed into the actual log message then that would be fine....

Do you know what I mean?
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Expert Comment

by:Don Johnston
ID: 39284346
Yep.

I don't recall seeing the "repeated message" line when I've looked a syslog files on 5K or 7K switches.  And, like I said, I've never seen a Nexus in production that wasn't logging to a syslog server.

I think that the prudent approach is to use syslog for the logging.  Trying to make internal logging work is just an exercise in... futility. :-)
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Author Comment

by:cpatte7372
ID: 39284372
The problem is, I need to be connected to the device when certain events appear in the log so as to execute a command.

For example, I use SecureCRT. When an event such as %OSPF-6-AREACHG: appears on the router SecureCRT automatically runs the command show ip ospf neighbor on the router and sends me the results in text file.

I don't think there are any syslog servers out there that can do that ....
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Expert Comment

by:Don Johnston
ID: 39284502
Oh...

For that type of thing, on a Nexus, I use EEM.
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Author Comment

by:cpatte7372
ID: 39286559
Hi Don,

I've configured a syslog server but still getting the repeated messages as feared... see attachment.

I'm beginning to wonder if its a Nexus feature that I need to turn off or on?

What do you think?

Cheers
repeats.png
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Expert Comment

by:Don Johnston
ID: 39286663
Please send me the entire log.
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Author Comment

by:cpatte7372
ID: 39286902
Hi Don,

Attached is the entire log and the running config
17-32-55--MX-N7K1-AGG1-10.44.248.txt
17-33-14--MX-N7K1-AGG1-10.44.248.txt
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Expert Comment

by:Don Johnston
ID: 39287051
Do you have Kiwi set to a small file size?
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Author Closing Comment

by:cpatte7372
ID: 39333339
Cheers
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