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What column to use for clustered index?

Hello,

I am struggling with the question which column to use for my clustered index? So far, if I have the table:

id, firstname, lastname

I always automatically gave identity(1,1) and clustered index (primary key) on that one. But - is this always correct? I practically never seek by id. There are always some other columns that I usually search on. In above scenario: if I search by firstname - does clustered index on id has any impact on my query? Or it would be the same if I just left whole table as a heap? Same goes if I use my search by lastname ?

What about this table:

id, ssid, firstname, lastname

Is there a point to have id column at all in the table? Or is it better to put id out and have clustered index on ssid?


cherrs, F
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AntonioRodrigo
Asked:
AntonioRodrigo
2 Solutions
 
Éric MoreauSenior .Net ConsultantCommented:
a clustered index dictate the physical sequence of the data in a table.

if your clustered index is by lastname and you do a "select * where lastname between 'm' and 'p' order by lastname", it will be optimal.

but if you insert a lot of data, you will get a lot of page split which will reduce performance

it is sometimes difficult to find the sweet spot/index
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EvilPostItCommented:
It depends on your entire database to be honest, if there are relational tables then this is a good reason as while it isn't data that the user would see it is still used quite a lot to match rows.

Your key should be unique though as if it isnt the row will be made larger as a field called a unqueifier will be added to the page.

As per emoreau's comments you should think about how the data is going to be used, inserted, deleted in the future as if you choose the position now it could cause you troubles down the road!
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