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finding which fields are "nullable"

Posted on 2013-07-01
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Last Modified: 2013-07-01
hi

i'm looking for a piece of sql that will enable me to see which fields in a table can have null values.

i've tried select * from syscolumns where id=(select id FROM sysobjects where name='table_name') but this doesn't give that attribute.

i'm calling this sql from VBA, so i cannot use sp_help as the "nextrecordset" method doesn't work when using sybase

any ideas?
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Question by:Neilgordo
4 Comments
 
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Accepted Solution

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Steve Wales earned 150 total points
ID: 39291209
Sybase documentation on the syscolumns table says that bit 3 of the status column us used to define if a column is nullable or not:

http://infocenter.sybase.com/help/index.jsp?topic=/com.sybase.infocenter.dc36274.1570/html/tables/X14340.htm

Searching a little more from there I found this:

http://database.ittoolbox.com/groups/technical-functional/sybase-l/sql-server-isnullable-equivalent-in-sybase-404087

With this code snippet:

select o.name as tableanme, c.name as columnname, convert(bit, (status & 8)) as nulls
from syscolumns c
join sysobjects o
on c.id = o.id
where o.type = 'U'
order by o.name, c.name

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Give that a shot and see if it works for you.
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LVL 26

Expert Comment

by:wilcoxon
ID: 39291293
sjwales answer will only work in a recent(ish) version of Sybase.  Iirc, bit type was added in ASE 15.  If you have an earlier version, I'd try int instead of bit (though that will result in 8 for nulls).
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LVL 13

Expert Comment

by:alpmoon
ID: 39291543
I think this what you need (just nullable columns):

select o.name as tableanme, c.name as columnname
from syscolumns c
join sysobjects o
on c.id = o.id
where o.type = 'U'
  and object_name(o.id) = 'Your_table'
  and status & 8 = 8
order by c.name
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:Neilgordo
ID: 39292274
using latest version of sybase so solution works perfectly, thanks
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