Site Collection issue and size

When we started using sharepoint we created a single content store WSS_Content and then created a single site under that store called http//portal. Within the http://portal site we added many sites for each deparment so you access them by going to http://portal/hs they are not site collections just sites. WSS_Content has hit about 170GB now and I worry that eventually we will have issues (older hardware) with the size.
Most of what I have read is that with 2010 you can move site collections to sepearte Content stores, but since we have just a single site collection what are my options to try and get this data split up so that we can get multiple content stores?
hscastAsked:
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dec0mpileConnect With a Mentor Commented:
@hscast You are correct, sorry about that. You need to export and import with Export-SPWeb and Import-SPWeb.

This is an example of what I was thinking of:
http://www.codeproject.com/Articles/356985/Moving-a-Sharepoint-Sub-Site-to-its-own-Site-Colle
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dec0mpileCommented:
It is not possible to have multiple content databases service a single site collection. In your scenario there is no way to split to separate content stores and remain single site collection.

You are correct to worry about size problems. The recommended limit from Microsoft for content databases is 200GB. Some people use methods to go past this (better hardware, BLOB, etc.), but eventually you will experience problems.
see:
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc262787%28v=office.14%29.aspx#ContentDB
and
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc262787%28v=office.14%29.aspx#SiteCollection

The option you should consider here is:
Moving the sub-site content to individual site collections for those departments.

This is done with Move-SPSite through powershell
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff607915%28v=office.14%29.aspx

Make sure you have good backup of your data. I can tell you from experience it is very easy for something to wrong when you do these type of changes in SharePoint
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CloudedTurtleCommented:
Just want to confirm what dec0mpile has stated. (all point should go to dec0mpile)

In your current setup, you can't move sites. Your only option is to split what you have by creating new site collections and then moving the sites into these new site collections.

I would recommend starting by identifying what sites are using the most space, see if you can't identify the purpose of the site (generally closed security teams sites are a good candidate for a new site collection)

For example, if the http://portal/hr has permissions restricted to just HR (or has content restricted to just HR) the site, or restricted content could be moved to a dedicated site collection. (Site collections don't share Security, like sub sites do.)
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hscastAuthor Commented:
I thought the Move-SPSite was to move individual site collections.  If I look at cental administrator under view site collections the http://portal only contains the site of \
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