Wiring telephone and data on the same patch panel

Frosty555
Frosty555 used Ask the Experts™
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I've been tasked with a small re-wiring project for a house and I'm hoping I could get some advice on what's the best "standard" way to wire up the patch panel.

In total they have around 28 Cat5e wires running throughout the house. Most rooms have 2x Cat5e cables running to the outlet box - one for data, one for voice.

They have four bell telephone lines which they want wired up and easily accessible. Right now, though, only two of those lines are active.

They have already terminated and labelled all of the wall sockets, and they TRIED to wire the patch panel, but it has turned into a big spaghetti mess and needs to be re-done. That's where I'm coming in. They seem quite comfortable wiring up the wall sockets, but they're scared of the patch panel.

The ground rules I've been given:

1) They want the wall plates to remain terminated as they are, 1x wire for the data port, and the other wire terminated in two to four RJ11 telephone ports, each one gets one pair of wires.

2) The patch panel must be wired such that they can easily turn a Voice wire into a Data wire, without having to touch my work in the patch panel. They'd just put an RJ45 keystone jack into the appropriate wall plate and terminate accordingly.

3) All of the data ports and telephone ports in the house must all be active, they don't want to have to fuss around with plugging stuff into the patch panel when they decide to plug a computer into a previously unused Data port in a wall.

So what I'm planning on doing is running all of the ethernet cables to the patch panel, punching them down in the T568A format. Treat them all the same as if they were all going to be data ports.

Then, I'll daisy-chain the blue/bluewhite pair for 6x of the ports together in parallel, and those ports will be for a single Bell line.  I'll do this four times, for each line (24 different ports).

Check the image below. This is my plan so far and you can see how the wall plates have been wired:
Wiring plan for the patch panel
Now it is fairly straightforward how to wire the DATA portion (The D1-D4 ports). I'll get regular straight-through CAT6 patch leads, and connect them to the switch like so:

Wiring for the data ports
My question is... what's the best way to wire up the VOICE ports?

The problem is that the V1-V4 ports have upwards of four pairs, each one is it's own Bell line.

I had two ideas:

1) I could hack a patch leads, where I cut the end off a patch lead, and wire each twisted pair with it's own RJ11 head, plugging it into the appropriate telephone jack. E.g.:

Wiring option
GOOD - it is very clear exactly how everything is wired.

BAD - Hacking the patch leads together and stripping large amounts of patch cable is messy, and unprofessional looking


The other idea I had was this

2) Wire the Bell lines on the patch panel to be in USOC wiring standard (see here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category_5_cable), and daisy chain ALL 8 wires together.

Then, make special patch cables with T568A on one end, and USOC on the other, and connect one end to the V1 port on the patch panel, and the other to my slab of Bell line ports. One of the Bell line ports would be connected to the actual Bell line on the demarcation box.

Telephone wiring option
GOOD - Less stripped bare wires floating around

BAD - I STILL need to fashion custom patch cables, and it is confusing to an outsider that I'm using two different wiring standards (T568A and USOC) at the same time.


Neither of these seem like a perfect solution.... I'd be interested in seeing what you guys think I should do.
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Author

Commented:
This is the last option that maybe makes the most sense? Use T568A for *everything*, and wire each Voice port with a straight-through patch cable, just like the Data ports.

The only place where I have to start hacking together cables is for the one cable that goes to the Bell demarcation box, where I'd screw the various twisted pairs onto the posts for the desired bell lines.

Telephone wiring option
GOOD - consistent wiring standard throughout, voice ports can easily  become data ports by moving the wiring and re-terminating the wall box

BAD - Difficult to customize which lines go to which wall boxes, all the pairs are the same and cannot be changed without splicing patch cables together.
Fixer of Problems
Most Valuable Expert 2014
Commented:
Your last option above looks right to me.  I don't know why you say you would have to splice patch cables.  ??  Looks to me like the regular patch cables will take care of it.  

The patch bay for the network cables is slightly redundant.  The CAT6 network cables could go straight to the switch and eliminate impedance bumps caused by the patch panel.

I would probably eliminate the top patch bay altogether.  It provides a connection point but no added function.
Commented:
Terminate all jacks at the patch panel as four position jacks, ready for voice or data.  As they requested -- for ease of future use of the patch panel.  For reference purposes, call this patch panel the "station side" or "outlet" patch panel.
Using method below, extend all four lines to all jacks in the house.  Any of the outlets can then plug into the specific jack desired to get dialtone from any of the four lines.
If a device is a multi-line instrument, it can be recombined outside of the outlet (using a commercial adaptor) or the jack can be rewired.  
To convert to data, only have to re-terminate the outlet jack(s) -- as desired.

Using a standard 568A patch panel, wire the backside of each jack in a daisy chain.  The first pair of each jack is connected via a single continuous loop of cross connect wire.  The second pair of each jack has a separate continuous loop of cross connect wire linking each in a daisy chain.  Of course, this is done for the third pair and the fourth pair, separately.  Thus the backside of the patch panel now creates a common link for each of the pin positions 1 through 4.  The front side of this "line side" patch panel now has all four lines on all jacks of the patch panel.  Plug the four pair cable from the demark into the first jack of the patch panel.  Then, using a standard RJ45 patch cord, any single line side patch panel jack can be patched to any single RJ45 on the "station side" patch panel.  Thus, using only patch cords, any four jacks at any single outlet in the house can get all four phone lines, always active and ready to use.  

Result - no custom cables needed.  All 568A wiring.  All phone lines available anywhere and easy to rearrange (patching only).  Easy to convert any single voice outlet  to data (outlet jack rewiring only).

Author

Commented:
Yup, Dave, you were right. I've just finished the wiring project and indeed there's no reason to have to splice any special cables.

As JRSCGI said, the patch panel is there to keep the wires organized. I could plug directly into the switch, but it is a lot tidier to connect everything to the patch panel, and then patch from the panel to the switch.
Dave BaldwinFixer of Problems
Most Valuable Expert 2014

Commented:
Glad you got it finished.  Thanks for the points.

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