Hardwired House networking issue

Hi, I have my whole house hardwired for internet.  The lines are run throughout the walls and terminate to a patch panel in the basement.  The punch downs have all been tested and are good.  I have Comcast cable for my isp.  I have a Netgear wireless router on the 2nd floor.  I was told I needed to have a "power" source for the patch panel.  I have a netgear 8 port switch which is what I was told to use.  The router is in port 1, the comcast is in the internet port so the switch is powered.  However, anytime I put a nic cable into another port either in the wall or the switch, I can't get an IP!  Always gives me the "local only".  I think that maybe the switch might be bad?  Only the 1 port is working?  If I plug the cables into the router, it works fine.  Problem is I need the wires to work not just the wireless.  I'm wondering why the switch is giving an IP to the router and not to the computers plugged directly into it as well as the ports in the wall.
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Emmanuel AdebayoGlobal Windows Infrastructure Engineer - ConsultantCommented:

Just a point of correction, your patch panel does not you to connect it to physical power source, but the power s being supplied through the network cable connected.

The issue might be with the netgear router, check the router there might be uplink switch or button.

You will need check his.

switch will not provide IP you might have check with your router if DHCP server enabled or you have to use static ip for the computer you wish to connect
Remember your patch panel is nothing more than merely an easily-accessible grouping of all the various network points around your house. The various points on your patch panel should connect to your switch, which is sitting in the rack, and the switch need to be connected to power.

One of the ports on your switch needs to be connected to one of the ports 1-4 on your router, wherever your router may be located.

Your router's WAN port connects to the Comcast modem.

I'm assuming your wireless router is the ONLY router on your network, and it's located on the second floor, right?  So that means the Comcast modem is also up on the second floor?

First thing I'd try to do here is get all your equipment together in one place, connect it the way you want it connected, and see if you get an IP address. Take the house wiring and patch panel out of the equation and make sure you can make your network work when it's all infront of you.
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Craig BeckCommented:
If you plug the router into the switch, then plug a laptop directly into the switch, does it work?
Storms37Author Commented:
The modem and switch are located in the basement.  The router is located on what would be the third floor with counting the basement.  Currently, the modem is connected to the uplink on the switch.  In port 1 the cable for the modem is plugged in.  This device is connected through the wires in the wall that were ran.  Weird part is, the router is the ONLY thing that gets an IP.  If you run cables to the 4 ports on the router, you're live.  If you run from the switch, you get local only.
Based on my understanding

ModemLAN port (maybe modem has only oneport tht means it is only modem without routing capability) ------------------------->Uplink port of switch------------- single cablewiring to third floor----------------------->WAN port of the router

What you are missing is an additional wiring from>----------normal siwtch port>--------------- any of the LAN port of your router

To do this these is two ways

1 .ModemLAN port ------------------------->Uplink port of switch------------- >need two cable wiring to third floor one cable should go to .........> ----------------------->WAN port of the router;;;; Another cable to ...........> LAN port of the router.Done..

2.ModemLAN port ------------------------->Uplink port of switch at first floor------------- single cablewiring to third floor----------------------->LAN port of the router;;; ?another short cable
from LAN port of the router------------->WAN port of the router.Done (if it is not working connect the Modem wan port to any other port instead of Uplink port .BUt it is not safe since WAN and LAN is available in One NW.(if your router capable to do VLAN then you may implement to solve this.)

I recommend option1 .
Storms37Author Commented:
Here are some pictures of the network setup.  The vertical router is the only piece of hardware on the (3rd) floor.  Everything else is in the basement. The 1 nic cable in the wall is the only 1 in the wall that is working for the modem.   BTW, I took an old router, plugged the modem in and that's how I am working on this message right now.
Craig BeckCommented:
So you're running the link between the modem and the router, and the clients and the router all on the same switch.  That's not good.

What you need to do is connect the modem to the router via one of the Cat5 links directly.  The modem should not be plugging in to the switch.

Generally I'd ask why you're doing it this way but I'm guessing it's to get wireless upstairs?  If so why not just move the router downstairs and put an access-point upstairs?
Storms37Author Commented:
So then how am I going to power all the ports I have in my walls?  I need those a lot more than wireless.  I hate wireless.  Currently, I have the old router connected to the modem, and the switch is connected to the old router as well.  I am currently on the 3rd floor sending this message wireless.  How can I now power all the ports?
Craig BeckCommented:
When you say power the ports, do you just mean get a network connection on them?

You have each port connected to the switch in the basement via cable don't you?  That's where the link to the router comes from.  The router needs one link to the switch and one link to the modem.  The switch shares the link to the router.
Storms37Author Commented:
Yes, I had the old router feeding the switch and the modem feeding the router.  Worked for a while then decided to quit.  Not "all" the ports have wires, only 3.  The modem, the router on third floor and an extra cable to 1 of the rooms upstairs.  I changed settings back to originall setup because I at least have wireless.
Craig BeckCommented:
Ok, so you don't really need to do it that way.  You've got the link from the modem to the router connected via the switch - that's pointless as the modem is next to the switch.  You should just take the cable from the router and plug it into the modem instead.

This is basically how it should be...

1] Cable from Modem connecting directly into WAN port of router.  This should NOT touch the switch.

2] Cable from one of the router LAN ports to switch.

3] Switch to your outlets around the house.

If you want you can also connect outlets to the remaining LAN ports of the router.

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